Lyme Art Association

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Lyme Art Association Gallery
Lyme Art Association Winter 2017.jpg
Lyme Art Association Gallery Winter 2017
General information
Architectural style shingle style
Address 90 Lyme St.
Town or city Old Lyme, CT
Country United States
Opened August 6, 1921
Design and construction
Architecture firm Charles A. Platt
Coordinates 41°19′18″N 72°19′40″W / 41.32167°N 72.32778°W / 41.32167; -72.32778
NRHP reference # 71000916
Added to NRHP October 14, 1971[1]

Lyme Art Association (LAA) is a non-profit art organization established in 1914, with roots going back to 1902. The organization maintains a historic art gallery located at 90 Lyme Street in Old Lyme, Connecticut, located in the Old Lyme Historic District. The gallery was built in 1921 and designed by famed architect and artist Charles A. Platt.[2] Exhibitions are held throughout the year by member artists as well as visiting artists. The building also has a north-light studio where classes are conducted year-round.[3]

Origins[edit]

1902 Exhibition announcement
Henry Ward Ranger

The LAA is an outgrowth of the Old Lyme Art Colony, an art colony established by Henry Ward Ranger, a leading tonalist painter from New York. After discovering the town of Old Lyme in 1899, Ranger returned with like-minded tonalist painters in 1900. Boarding at the house of Florence Griswold, now the Florence Griswold Museum, the artists painted the local countryside. In the summer of 1902, the village library committee asked the artists to hold a two-day exhibition at the Phoebe Griffin Noyes Library.[4] Proceeds from the exhibition were to benefit the library. Sales from the exhibition were high, with art enthusiasts travelling to the show from New York and Boston.[5] The show, consisting entirely of landscapes depicting the local countryside, featured Tonalist artists Henry Ward Ranger, Allen Butler Talcott, Clark Voorhees, Frank DuMond, William Henry Howe, Gifford Beal, Walter Griffin, Louis Paul Dessar, Arthur Dawson, and Lewis Cohen.[6]

Each summer, large crowds would travel to the annual exhibitions, travelling by train to see the work at the library.[7] In 1903, Childe Hassam was the sole Impressionist among the tonalist exhibition, and his presence marked a turning point among the painters toward a more impressionist style.[8] In 1905, the Impressionist painter Willard Metcalf exhibited two works at the library.[9] In subsequent years, artists such as Bruce Crane, Henry Rankin Poore, Robert Vonnoh, Bessie Potter Vonnoh, Matilda Browne, Lawton S. Parker, Everett Warner, Ivan Olinsky, George Henry Bogert, Wilson Irvine, Edward Volkert, Carleton Wiggins, Guy C. Wiggins, Harry L. Hoffman, William S. Robinson, Edward Rook, Frank Bicknell and Will Howe Foote would exhibit in the annual shows.[10][11][12]

The group incorporates[edit]

By 1913, the artists began to discuss building a permanent art gallery in town.[13] Poor lighting was an issue in the library.[14] Also, as many as forty artists were exhibiting in the summer shows, and adequate gallery space was needed.[15]

In April 1914, the artists held an exhibition in the Francis Building in New York City to raise money for a building fund. The artists donated their works at reduced prices, and Florence Griswold managed the exhibition.[16]

On Friday, June 26, 1914, the artists and local townspeople held a meeting at the home of Florence Griswold. Judge Walter C. Noyes drew up articles of incorporation for the group, which were approved and accepted at the meeting, now called the Lyme Art Association. Judge Noyes was also elected the first President of the new association.[17]

In July 1914, the group filed a certificate of incorporation with the State of CT, signed by Noyes, Joseph S. Huntington, and artists Lewis Cohen, William S. Robinson, and Frank Bicknell.[18] The organization was attempting to raise $40,000 for the building fund of a permanent art gallery in Old Lyme.[19] They sought to build, as one newspaper put it:

"...the long dreamed of Temple of Art, home of the association and the center to be, of an artistique manifestation that will have a greater national influence than ever."[20]

Building the gallery[edit]

Initially in 1914, plans for an art gallery were drawn up by New York architect Richard A. Walker, for a building to cost $14,000. The organization at this time was deciding between the purchase a portion of Florence Griswold's property, and a larger property further down the street. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, plans for raising funds for the building of the gallery were delayed.[21]

In 1917, Florence Griswold deeded a portion of her property south of her house, to the LAA for $1.[22][23]

In July 1919, the LAA voted to unite with the town of Old Lyme to build a Memorial Town Hall, with the agreement that the artists could hold their annual exhibition in the memorial building for one month each summer. LAA designated their building fund for this project, but withdrew it in December 1919 as the town objected to any group having exclusive use of the town hall.[24][25][26]

Charles A. Platt plan for Lyme Art Association 1920

In 1920, American Renaissance architect Charles A. Platt had designed the gallery of the LAA, a service he donated to the group.[27] Due to the fact the artists were self-funding and the resources were limited, the artists asked him to lower the skylights of his initial design, which he reluctantly agreed to do.[28] New London-based contractors Canning & Leary were awarded the contract to construct Platt's final design, for a building cost of $20,000.[29] Artist Lawton S. Parker chaired the building committee for LAA working with Charles Platt.[30] Work on the construction of the gallery began in September 1920.[31]

Lyme Art Association in 1922

On August 6, 1921, the Lyme Art Association Gallery was unveiled.[32] The building measured 25'x88' with a wing 25'x32' and one high story.[33] The gallery was built in a T-shape, with trellises wrapping around the back of the structure, which were ready to collect the vines that were beginning to grow.[34] The building featured "white-dipped"[35] shingles. The New York Times wrote about the unveiling:

"Greater appropriateness, beauty of proportions and refinement of taste could hardly be found. The building belongs to the location as completely as a Connecticut wildflower to the countryside...to come upon it in the pleasant landscape is recognize it immediately as an embodiment of art in harmony with its natural surroundings"[36]

Lyme Art Association Gallery inaugural exhibition August 1921
Skylights at Lyme Art Association

Inside, the walls were "dusky-blue"[37] with "a faint suggestion of gold".[38] The lighting from the skylights was considered perfect, with an even distribution of natural light on the walls.[39] This was made possible by a translucent ceiling of white muslin lay-lights below the skylights.[40] Inside the gallery, four large pillars stand, which can be removed to create one hall.[41]

The first gallery manager of the new building was Florence Griswold.[42]

Goodman Gallery[edit]

1922 painting of Honorary Lyme Art Association President William O. Goodman by Oliver Dennett Grover

On June 11, 1938 Lyme Art Association unveiled an additional wing to the building, called the Goodman Gallery. The funds for the gallery were given in 1937 by Erna Sawyer Goodman in memory of her husband, lumber tycoon William O. Goodman. William O. Goodman had been an honorary president of Lyme Art Association and sponsor of many prizes at the gallery. The builder L.H. Tiffany duplicated part of Charles A. Platt's original design for one of the gallery rooms. The Goodman Gallery is lower than the rest of the gallery, with steps leading down into it. Two sets of French doors lead out to a balcony that once overlooked a lily pond. The entire Goodman Gallery is supported by 10–12 foot high stone piers. The Goodman Gallery primarily was constructed to allow space to exhibit drawings, sketches, and watercolors.[43][44]

Art studio[edit]

In 1975 sculptor Elisabeth Gordon Chandler was elected president of LAA.[45]

As president in 1976, she founded an art academy, now called the Lyme Academy College of Fine Arts, in the basement of the gallery building. The academy was a separate organization from the Lyme Art Association from the beginning, but extensive alterations were made to the gallery.[46][47]

Portrait Class in Lyme Art Association studio

In 1978, a two-story art studio was unveiled, and the basement was transformed to accommodate a library, offices, and storage rooms.[48] Artists such as Robert Brackman, Deane G. Keller, and Lou Bonamarte taught classes, along with Chandler, at Lyme Art Association in the space leased by the Academy.[49]

Chandler also worked with landscape architect Laurence C. Appleton to have two parking lots built at the gallery to accommodate the art students and visitors to the gallery. Prior to this parking was only available on the street, and students were required to car pool to the gallery.[50][51]

In June 1982, a historic flood hit Old Lyme.[52] A brook running in the back of Lyme Art Association feeding to the Lieutenant River became blocked with debris. Five feet of water filled the studio and downstairs offices that the Academy was renting.[53]

The academy continued to hold classes in the studio at LAA and rent the basement area until 1996 when the twenty-year lease expired.[54]

Exhibitions and events[edit]

Alpheaus P. Cole Gallery at Lyme Art Association
Lyme Art Association members serving tea during Centennial Exhibition in 2002

In 1921, during the 20th annual exhibition, Wilson Irvine was awarded the William S. Eaton Purchase Prize for his painting "Lingering Snow".[55] The 20th annual exhibition in the new gallery had a paid attendance of over 5,000, with sales of artwork exceeding $10,000.[56]

In the 21st Annual Exhibition in 1922 Ivan Olinsky was awarded the first award under the Museum Purchase Plan, a program instituted to place LAA member work in associate museum members. Olinsky's painting "Leonore in a Russian Blouse" was allotted to the Dayton Art Institute.[57][58]

1933 saw Lyme Art Association extend the exhibition season with their First Annual Autumn Exhibition.[59]

In October 1971, Lyme Art Association was included in the Old Lyme Historic District which was named to the National Register of Historic Places. This process was carried out by Mrs. John Crosby Brown, then President of the Lyme Historical Society-Florence Griswold Association.[60]

In 1972, heating was installed in the LAA gallery, allowing exhibitions to take place during the colder months.[61]

In 1996, a major retrospective at LAA was held to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the gallery. Works by Henry Ward Ranger, Bruce Crane, Robert Vonnoh, Willard Metcalf, Childe Hassam, Carleton Wiggins, Guy C. Wiggins and William Chadwick were featured. Artwork by Ornithologist Roger Tory Peterson was also on display. Also featured was the Goodman Presentation Case, consisting of 35 small works by early Lyme artists, which were originally presented to LAA honorary President William O. Goodman.[62]

In 1997, a footbridge linking Florence Griswold Museum and LAA was built, a project proposed by the museum.[63]

In 2002 LAA held a centennial exhibition to commemorate the first exhibition at the Phoebe Griffin Noyes Library in 1902. 130 early works of 76 of the early members were displayed along with work by current members. During the exhibition, Lieutenant Governor Jodi Rell visited the gallery and declared July 8 "Lyme Art Association Day" to honor the centennial.[64][65] Additionally, LAA featured a retrospective of the work of Deane G. Keller, entitled "Go Figure", concurrent with the Centennial Exhibition.[66]

In 2005, the gallery held a retrospective exhibition of the architect of Lyme Art Association, Charles A. Platt, featuring many of his paintings and etchings.[67]

In 2010, a flood sent two feet of water into the basement of LAA, causing more than $60,000 worth of damage, and the loss of archival material.[68]

In 2014, the widow of artist and teacher Foster Caddell gave a generous gift to LAA's endowment. The south gallery was renamed Caddell Gallery during the 94th Annual Elected Artist Exhibition the following year.[69]

LAA is embarking on a Second Century Campaign, to restore the historic gallery building.[70]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Old Lyme Historic District". National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "The Art Gallery of Old Lyme, Conn". The American Architect-The Architectural Review. 120: 184. September 14, 1921. 
  3. ^ "About Us page". Lyme Art Association. 
  4. ^ Scanlan, Laura Wolff (September–October 2007). "High Thinking and Low Living". Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities. 28 (5). 
  5. ^ Pollard, Percival. "The Blighting of Our Barbizon". The Papyrus. 1 (5): 19. 
  6. ^ "Lyme Library Fund". New-York Tribune. August 31, 1902. 
  7. ^ "Art and town have old ties". The Day. June 1, 1979. 
  8. ^ Weinberg, H. Barbara (2004). Childe Hassam, American Impressionist. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 156–157. ISBN 1588391191. 
  9. ^ "Lyme School of Painters" (PDF). The New York Times. September 8, 1905. 
  10. ^ "Lyme Art Exhibit of Interest Here". The Pittsburgh Press. August 12, 1928. 
  11. ^ "News and Comment in the World of Art" (PDF). The Sun. August 3, 1919. 
  12. ^ Slocum, Grace. "Old Lyme". The American Magazine of Art. 15 (12): 635–642. JSTOR 23929850. 
  13. ^ "Lyme Art Gallery to Cost $15,000". The Day. October 1, 1917. 
  14. ^ "Lyme School of Painters" (PDF). The New York Times. September 8, 1905. 
  15. ^ W., E.I. (November 1919). "A New Gallery and a Summer Exhibition at Old Lyme". The American Magazine of Art. XI (1). 
  16. ^ "To Raise Fund for Lyme Art Gallery". The Day. April 13, 1914. 
  17. ^ "Various Matters". Norwich Bulletin. June 29, 1914. 
  18. ^ "Various Matters". Norwich Bulletin. July 17, 1914. 
  19. ^ "Art Gallery Planned to Cost $40,000". Norwich Bulletin. April 16, 1914. 
  20. ^ "Art exhibit at Lyme". Norwich Bulletin. August 14, 1920. 
  21. ^ "$14,000 Building for Old Lyme Art Gallery". Norwich Bulletin. October 9, 1914. 
  22. ^ "Lyme Art Gallery to Cost $15,000". The Day. October 1, 1917. 
  23. ^ Jacoby, Susan (July 10, 2005). "In Old Lyme, Conn., Art is Alive". The San Diego Union-Tribune. 
  24. ^ "The Memorial Town Hall at Old Lyme, Conn". Architecture. XLIV (5): 339. November 1921. 
  25. ^ "Memorial Town Hall". Connecticut Historical Society Museum and Library. Connecticut Historical Society Museum and Library. 
  26. ^ W., E.I. (November 1919). "A New Gallery and a Summer Exhibition at Old Lyme". The American Magazine of Art. XI (1). 
  27. ^ "Art Colony Galleries". The New York Herald. July 27, 1921. p. 8. 
  28. ^ C., B. (July 1930). "The Old Lyme Art Colony". The American Magazine of Art. 21 (7): 404–406. JSTOR 23931556. 
  29. ^ "Old Lyme" (PDF). Norwich Bulletin. September 28, 1920. 
  30. ^ "About Us/History of LAA". Lyme Art Association. 
  31. ^ "Various Matters". Norwich Bulletin. September 24, 1920. p. 5. 
  32. ^ "Art Colony Galleries". The New York Herald. July 27, 1921. p. 8. 
  33. ^ "Old Lyme" (PDF). Norwich Bulletin. September 28, 1920. 
  34. ^ "A Museum owned by Artists". Museum Work: Including the Proceedings of the American Association of Museums. American Association of Museums. 4 (1): 47. 1921. 
  35. ^ "The World of Art: The Old Lyme Exhibition and New Gallery" (PDF). The New York Times. August 14, 1921. 
  36. ^ "The World of Art: The Old Lyme Exhibition and New Gallery" (PDF). The New York Times. August 14, 1921. 
  37. ^ "The World of Art: The Old Lyme Exhibition and New Gallery" (PDF). The New York Times. August 14, 1921. 
  38. ^ "A Museum owned by Artists". Museum Work: Including the Proceedings of the American Association of Museums. American Association of Museums. 4 (1): 47. 1921. 
  39. ^ "The Art Gallery of Old Lyme, Conn". The American Architect-The Architectural Review. 120: 185. September 14, 1921. 
  40. ^ "A Museum owned by Artists". Museum Work: Including the Proceedings of the American Association of Museums. American Association of Museums. 4 (1): 47. 1921. 
  41. ^ "A Museum owned by Artists". Museum Work: Including the Proceedings of the American Association of Museums. American Association of Museums. 4 (1): 47. 1921. 
  42. ^ Scanlan, Laura Wolff (September–October 2007). "High Thinking and Low Living". Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities. 28 (5). 
  43. ^ "Lyme Art Gallery Given Wing". The Day. September 13, 1937. 
  44. ^ "New Gallery Dedicated at O. Lyme Water Color Show". The Day. June 11, 1938. 
  45. ^ "Lyme Art unit elects officers". The New London Day. September 13, 1975. 
  46. ^ Slosberg, Steven (April 29, 1977). "Art School Takes No-Nonsense Approach". The Day. p. 7. 
  47. ^ "New Life Pumped into Art Academy". The Day. June 7, 1976. p. 16. 
  48. ^ Beaulieu, Renee (January 26, 1978). "Art Academy to Move into New Quarters". The Day. p. 10. 
  49. ^ "NU to Sponsor Academy Art Display". The Day. May 13, 1980. p. 23. 
  50. ^ "Art group will try to solve parking". The Day. January 31, 1978. 
  51. ^ "Art academy's parking issue still unresolved". The Day. January 13, 1978. 
  52. ^ Holahan, David (June 2, 2012). "Flood of 1982: From Rain to Raging Rivers". The Hartford Courant. 
  53. ^ "Art students pitch in". The Day. June 10, 1982. 
  54. ^ Chandler, Elisabeth Gordon. "The Lyme Academy Story". Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc. 
  55. ^ "The World of Art: The Old Lyme Exhibition and New Gallery" (PDF). The New York Times. August 14, 1921. 
  56. ^ "THE WORLD OF ART: Variety in Exhibition Rooms" (PDF). The New York Times. September 11, 1921. 
  57. ^ "The World of Art: Twenty-First Annual Exhibition of the Lyme Art Association" (PDF). The New York Times. August 13, 1922. 
  58. ^ "Lyme Summer Show has Record Crowds". American Art News. 20 (39). August 19, 1922. JSTOR 25590001. 
  59. ^ Clark, Mrs. C. L. (September 18, 1934). "Lyme Autumn Art Show Doubles Its Last Year Record". The Day. p. 2. 
  60. ^ "Old Lyme Historic District". National Park Service. 
  61. ^ Vider, Elise (December 3, 1973). "Art Association Show Features Area Scenes". The Day. p. 40. 
  62. ^ McGinley, Lisa (October 27, 1996). "Lyme Homecoming: Major retrospective reunites great Impressionist paintings". The New London Day. 
  63. ^ "Bridge now links Griswold museum to art association". The New London Day. July 31, 1997. 
  64. ^ Crompton, Karin (July 9, 2002). "Rell helps to celebrate 100 years of art exhibitions in Old Lyme". The Day. 
  65. ^ Dorsey, Kristina (June 4, 2002). "Celebrating a Century: Lyme Art Association honors its past and its present". The Day. 
  66. ^ Charles, Eleanor (May 26, 2002). "The Guide (Art of Drawing)". The New York Times. 
  67. ^ "Lyme Art Association Celebrates Charles A. Platt, Artist And Architect". Antiques and The Arts Weekly. October 18, 2005. 
  68. ^ Register Staff (May 23, 2010). "Lyme Art Association makes plea for donations to repair flood damage". New Haven Register. 
  69. ^ Regan, Elizabeth (December 18, 2014). "Foster Caddell's widow gifts". Norwich Bulletin. 
  70. ^ "Lyme Art Association/Second Century Campaign". Lyme Art Association. 

External links[edit]