Lymington River

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River Lymington or Lymington River
Highland Water
Ponies by lymington river near brockenhurst.jpg
New Forest ponies grazing next to the Lymington River near Brockenhurst
Lymington River is located in Hampshire
Lymington River
The mouth in a Hampshire outline natural map.
Location
CountryEngland
RegionHampshire
DistrictNew Forest
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationOcknell Plain
 • coordinates50°54′43″N 1°39′22″W / 50.912°N 1.656°W / 50.912; -1.656
 • elevation105 metres (344 ft)
Mouth 
 • location
Lymington
 • coordinates
50°45′00″N 1°31′59″W / 50.750°N 1.533°W / 50.750; -1.533Coordinates: 50°45′00″N 1°31′59″W / 50.750°N 1.533°W / 50.750; -1.533
 • elevation
0 metres
Length22 km (14 mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 • leftLong Brook, Bagshot Gutter, Etherise Gutter
 • rightWarwickslade Cutting, Fletchers Water, Ober Water, Passford Water
The river at its mouth, looking northwest towards the town of Lymington

The Lymington River drains part of the New Forest in Hampshire in southern England. Numerous headwaters to the west of Lyndhurst give rise to the river, including Highland Water, Bratley Water and Fletchers Water. From Brockenhurst the river runs southwards to the Solent at Lymington.

Highland Water rises north of the Ocknell Inclosure (SU243125) and flows for 10 km (6 mi) to Bolderford Bridge (SU291041) where it meets Ober Water. From there, it is known as the Lymington River and flows for a further 12 km (7 mi) to (SZ3493).

History[edit]

In 1731 a merchant navy captain, Captain Cross, constructed a causeway and bridge across the estuary to the north of Lymington.[1] He built toll houses and charged travellers using his causeway, more than a mile south of the existing bridge at Boldre.[2] This impedes the river and further silted up Lymington harbour, losing its minor shipping rapidly.[2] Lymington Corporation pursued the matter in court and lost their case.[2]

In 1795 the mud building up in the estuary "has rendered it already very narrow; and will probably in a few years, so completely choke it up, as to make it unnavigable by any ships of considerable burden."[3]

The causeway was taken over by the regional rail firm who collected the tolls until, after nationalised rail, it was bought out by Hampshire County Council in 1955 – tolls paid down the price and ceased a few years later.[2] Today silting in the harbour as a result of the structure (almost a dam) occurs, but is ameliorated a higher sea level and the scouring effects of the Isle of Wight ferries.[1] Before the structure it is said the diurnal tide influenced flow up to Brockenhurst.[4]

Against the sea, the outer limit of the end of the estuary's mud at low tide is 550–650 metres closer to land than in 1895.[5]

Reedbeds[edit]

The river's extensive reedbeds are a Site of Special Scientific Interest.

Water quality[edit]

The Environment Agency measure water quality of the river systems in England. Each is given an overall ecological status, which may be one of five levels: high, good, moderate, poor and bad. There are several components that are used to determine this, including biological status, which looks at the quantity and varieties of invertebrates, angiosperms and fish, and chemical status, which compares the concentrations of various chemicals against known safe concentrations. Chemical status is rated good or fail.[6]

Water quality of the Lymington River in 2019:

Section Ecological
Status
Chemical
Status
Overall
Status
Length Catchment Channel
Lymington River[7] Moderate Fail Moderate 21.928 km (13.625 mi) 49.376 km2 (19.064 sq mi) Heavily modified
Highland Water[8] Moderate Fail Moderate 14.695 km (9.131 mi) 26.353 km2 (10.175 sq mi)
Black Water[9] Good Fail Moderate 8.307 km (5.162 mi) 20.742 km2 (8.009 sq mi)
Ober Water[10] Good Fail Moderate 14.706 km (9.138 mi) 22.781 km2 (8.796 sq mi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Peter Bruce (2001) Solent Hazards, page 63 ISBN 187168031X
  2. ^ a b c d Jude James (2013) Lymington Through Time ISBN 1445629364
  3. ^ D. Y. (1795) Collections for the history of Hampshire, and the bishopric of Winchester: Including the Isles of Wight, Jersey, Guernsey, and Sarke, Volume 1, Section 2, page 24
  4. ^ David William Garrow (1825) The history of Lymington, and its immediate vicinity, page 29
  5. ^ https://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=14&lat=50.74035&lon=-1.52865&layers=6&b=7
  6. ^ "Glossary (see Biological quality element; Chemical status; and Ecological status)". Catchment Data Explorer. Environment Agency. 17 February 2016. UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg Text was copied from this source, which is available under an Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright.
  7. ^ "Lymington River". Catchment Data Explorer. Environment Agency.
  8. ^ "Highland Water". Catchment Data Explorer. Environment Agency.
  9. ^ "Black Water". Catchment Data Explorer. Environment Agency.
  10. ^ "Ober Water". Catchment Data Explorer. Environment Agency.

External links[edit]

Media related to Lymington River at Wikimedia Commons