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Virus classification
Group: Group I (dsDNA)
Order: Herpesvirales
Family: Herpesviridae
Subfamily: Gammaherpesvirinae
Genus: Lymphocryptovirus
Type Species

Lymphocryptovirus is a genus of viruses in the order Herpesvirales, in the family Herpesviridae, in the subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae. This genus includes the human-infecting Epstein–Barr virus, as well as viruses that infect both Old World monkeys and New World monkeys.[1] Other names for the Lymphocryptovirus genus include Lymphocryptoviridae and gamma-1 herpesviruses. There are currently eight species in this genus including the type species Human herpesvirus 4. Diseases associated with this genus include: mononucleosis, Burkitt's lymphoma, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.[2][3]


Group: dsDNA


Alternate Names[edit]


Viruses in Lymphocryptovirus are enveloped, with icosahedral, spherical to pleomorphic, and round geometries, and T=16 symmetry. The diameter is around 150-200 nm. Genomes are linear and non-segmented, around 180kb in length.[2]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation
Lymphocryptovirus Spherical Pleomorphic T=16 Enveloped Linear Monopartite

Life cycle[edit]

Viral replication is nuclear, and is lysogenic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral glycoproteins to host receptors, which mediates endocytosis. Replication follows the dsDNA bidirectional replication model. DNA-templated transcription, with some alternative splicing mechanism is the method of transcription. The virus exits the host cell by nuclear egress, and budding. Human and mammals serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are zoonosis, bite, contact, and saliva.[2]

Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission
Lymphocryptovirus Humans; mammals B-lymphocytes Glycoprotiens Budding Nucleus Nucleus Saliva


  1. ^ Wang F, Rivailler P, Rao P, Cho Y (2001). "Simian homologues of Epstein-Barr virus". Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 356 (1408): 489–97. PMC 1088440Freely accessible. PMID 11313007. doi:10.1098/rstb.2000.0776. 
  2. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. 

External links[edit]