|Chancellor of Lakehead University|
March 8, 2017
|Preceded by||Derek Burney|
|Preceded by||New riding|
|Succeeded by||Bill Mauro|
|Preceded by||Mickey Hennessy|
|Succeeded by||Riding abolished|
|Leader of the Ontario Liberal Party|
|Preceded by||Jim Bradley|
|Succeeded by||Dalton McGuinty|
|Leader of the Opposition|
|Preceded by||Jim Bradley|
|Succeeded by||Dalton McGuinty|
|Born||1942 (age 75–76)|
|Residence||Thunder Bay, Ontario|
Lyn McLeod (born c. 1942) is former politician in Ontario, Canada. She served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1987 to 2003. McLeod was a cabinet minister in the Liberal government of David Peterson from 1987 to 1990, and served as leader of the Ontario Liberal Party from 1992 to 1996.
McLeod graduated from the University of Manitoba and received a Master of Arts degree in Psychology from Lakehead University, in the Northern Ontario city of Thunder Bay. She was trustee on the Lakehead Board of Education for seventeen years and its chair for seven. McLeod was also appointed to the Board of Governors of Lakehead University in 1986.
First term (1987–1990)
She was elected for the riding of Fort William in the provincial election of 1987, defeating incumbent Progressive Conservative Michael Hennessy by 1,463 votes. The Liberals won a landslide majority in this election and made several historical breakthroughs in Northern Ontario. McLeod was appointed Minister of Colleges and Universities on September 29, 1987. Following a cabinet shuffle on August 2, 1989, she was named Minister of Energy and Minister of Natural Resources.
The Liberals were upset by the New Democratic Party in the provincial election of 1990, although McLeod was able to retain her riding against a strong challenge from NDP candidate Dan Hutsul, winning by 1,345 votes. Unlike most other Liberal candidates in this election, McLeod was supported by prominent members from the Ontario Secondary School Teachers' Federation in her region.
|Ontario Provincial Government of David Peterson|
|Cabinet posts (3)|
|Bob Wong||Minister of Energy
|Vince Kerrio||Minister of Natural Resources
|Greg Sorbara||Minister of Colleges and Universities
Second term & Ontario Liberal Party Leadership (1990–1995)
Peterson personally lost his seat in the 1990 campaign, and the Liberal party went through a series of interim leaders before holding a leadership convention in early 1992. McLeod was one of six candidates for the position, and was widely regarded as the main challenger to frontrunner Murray Elston. She finished a strong second on the first ballot, and overtook Elston on the third with support from Steve Mahoney's delegates. McLeod finally defeated Elston by nine votes on the fifth ballot, becoming the first woman to lead a major party in Ontario.
McLeod's victory was attributed to two factors. She made a deal with second-tier leadership contender Charles Beer. The Elston camp had an unexpectedly large lead on the first ballot, as McLeod lent Beer some of her delegates to give him a respectable showing, and Elston's margin dropped significantly when the eliminated Beer threw his full support behind McLeod.
1995 provincial election campaign
With Bob Rae's NDP government being widely blamed for mishandling the major recession, McLeod's Liberals held a steady lead in the polls for most of the period from 1992 to 1995, and were generally expected to win the 1995 campaign. The party, however, damaged its credibility through a series of high-profile policy reversals in the period leading up to the election.
The most notable of these occurred when McLeod withdrew Liberal support for Bill 167, a same-sex benefits package introduced by the NDP government of Bob Rae in 1994. As twelve NDP MPPs (including two junior ministers) voted against it as well, the legislation was defeated. Many regarded McLeod's decision as cynical and opportunistic, and some believe that it was intended to boost Liberal fortunes in rural areas following a by-election loss in the rural, socially conservative riding of Victoria—Haliburton. The result, however, was that the party earned a reputation for "flip-flopping" and inconsistency, while offending its socially progressive supporters.
McLeod also offended some immigrant voters, who usually vote Liberal, by criticizing the Rae government's handling of Somali refugee claims. Her intent was to draw attention to criminal gangs that were forcing Somalis to move to Ontario and defraud the provincial welfare system. Several, however, interpreted her criticisms as being directed toward the entire community.
During the campaign itself, McLeod further alienated many voters with an overly aggressive performance in the party leaders' debate, clashing with Premier Bob Rae and waving her party's platform before the cameras on several occasions. Prior to this performance, provincial Liberal support was regarded by many political insiders as soft and unsteady. After the debate, many voters who were previously leaning to the Liberals shifted to Mike Harris's Progressive Conservatives, who were in third place in the legislature. The Tories surpassed the Liberals to grab the swing in support away from the NDP and finished with a majority, while the Liberals finished with less support than the previous campaign and managed only 30 out of 130 seats.
McLeod herself was easily re-elected in Fort William, defeating Thunder Bay municipal councillor and Tory candidate Evelyn Dodds by over 8,000 votes. Some Liberals called on McLeod to step down after the election, and she announced her resignation as party leader two months later.
Third term (1995–1999)
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McLeod remained a prominent Liberal MPP under new leader Dalton McGuinty, serving as education critic from 1996 to 1999. She was generally regarded as successful in this role, and proved an able opponent of Education Minister John Snobelen's restructuring policies.
Fourth term (1999–2003)
McLeod was re-elected by a landslide in the provincial election of 1999, in the redistributed riding of Thunder Bay—Atikokan. The Tories won the election with a reduced majority, and McLeod swapped shadow cabinet portfolios with Gerard Kennedy to serve as her party's health critic in the legislature that followed. She did not seek re-election in 2003.
Following her retirement, McLeod was appointed to the newly founded Health Council of Canada. She also was named as the first chancellor of the University of Ontario Institute of Technology in June 2004, and is a vice-chair of the board of governors at Confederation College in Thunder Bay. In 2014, she was made a Member of the Order of Ontario in recognition for having "devoted her career to public service and continuing to be actively involved in community work around the issues of education and health care."
- Ruta, Mike (April 23, 2004). "McLeod fitted for UOIT's chancellor crown; Former Liberal leader first to hold title for new university". This Week. Whitby, Ont. p. 1.
- "Results from individual ridings". The Windsor Star. September 11, 1987. p. F2.
- "Wrye gets new cabinet job". The Windsor Star. September 29, 1987. p. A1.
- Allen, Gene (August 3, 1989). "Veterans bear load as 8 ministers cut in Peterson shuffle". The Globe and Mail. p. A1.
- "Ontario election: Riding-by-riding voting results". The Globe and Mail. September 7, 1990. p. A12.
- Egan, Kelly (February 9, 1992). "Ontario Liberals pick McLeod; First woman leader wins by nine votes on fifth ballot". The Ottawa Citizen. p. A1.
- "1992 McLeod win a glimpse at strategy". Toronto Star. November 29, 2006. p. A7.
- "How MPPs voted on controversial legislation". The Globe and Mail. June 10, 1994. p. A10.
- "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. June 8, 1995. Retrieved 2014-03-02.
- "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. June 3, 1999.
- "New Appointees to the Order of Ontario". January 23, 2014.
University of Ontario Institute of Technology