Lyndeborough, New Hampshire

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Lyndeborough, New Hampshire
Town
1846 Town Hall
1846 Town Hall
Official seal of Lyndeborough, New Hampshire
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°54′27″N 71°45′59″W / 42.90750°N 71.76639°W / 42.90750; -71.76639Coordinates: 42°54′27″N 71°45′59″W / 42.90750°N 71.76639°W / 42.90750; -71.76639
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyHillsborough
Incorporated1764
VillagesLyndeborough
South Lyndeborough
Government
 • Board of SelectmenMark A. Chamberlain, Chair
Rick McQuade
Fred G. Douglas
 • Town AdministratorRuss Boland
Area
 • Total30.5 sq mi (79.1 km2)
 • Land30.4 sq mi (78.8 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  0.38%
Elevation
883 ft (269 m)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total1,702
 • Density56/sq mi (21.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03082
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-44580
GNIS feature ID0873655
Websitetown.lyndeborough.nh.us

Lyndeborough /ˈlndˌbʌr/ is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,702 at the 2020 census.[2]

History[edit]

Originally granted by the Massachusetts General Court to veterans from Salem, Massachusetts, of New England's first war with Canada, the area was known as "Salem-Canada". John Cram and his family were the first settlers and established a sawmill in the community in 1736.[3] The name "Lyndeborough" resulted from a re-grant to a group of people that included Benjamin Lynde, who later became Chief Justice of Massachusetts. This group of proprietors never lived in Lyndeborough and may never have visited the community. For instance, while serving as a proprietor of Lyndeborough, Judge Lynde lived in Massachusetts, where he presided in Suffolk County over the trial stemming from the Boston Massacre.[4]

The town has been home to the Lafayette Artillery Company (founded 1804) since 1833. The town office building, Citizens' Hall (opened 1889), is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as is the Lyndeborough Center Historic District, which consists of the Congregational church (c. 1836), town hall (1846), and remnants of the town pound (1774).

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.5 square miles (79.1 km2), of which 30.4 square miles (78.8 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) are water, comprising 0.38% of the town.[1] The central and southern portions of town are drained by Stony Brook and Curtis Brook, southeast-flowing tributaries of the Souhegan River, while the northern part is drained by Cold Brook, an east-flowing tributary of the South Branch Piscataquog River. The entire town is part of the Merrimack River watershed.

The highest point in Lyndeborough is just shy of 1,800 feet (550 m) above sea level, where the east ridge of North Pack Monadnock Mountain crosses the town's western border. Notable summits in town include Winn Mountain (1,686 ft or 514 m), Rose Mountain (1,730 ft or 530 m), and The Pinnacle (1,703 ft or 519 m). The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 31, which leads northwest into Greenfield and southeast into Wilton.

Adjacent municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,280
1800976−23.7%
18101,07410.0%
18201,1688.8%
18301,147−1.8%
18401,033−9.9%
1850968−6.3%
1860823−15.0%
1870820−0.4%
1880818−0.2%
1890657−19.7%
19006864.4%
1910660−3.8%
1920428−35.2%
1930399−6.8%
194045213.3%
195055222.1%
19605947.6%
197078932.8%
19801,07035.6%
19901,29420.9%
20001,58522.5%
20101,6836.2%
20201,7021.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,585 people, 560 households, and 420 families residing in the town. The population density was 51.0 people per square mile (19.7/km2). There were 587 housing units at an average density of 18.9 per square mile (7.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.17% White, 0.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.

There were 560 households, out of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.9% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $59,688, and the median income for a family was $70,223. Males had a median income of $37,941 versus $29,327 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,169. About 1.2% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Lyndeborough town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  3. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Profile Bureau
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 562. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "New Hampshire Births and Christenings Index, 1714-1904, Entry for William Barron". Ancestry.com. Lehi, UT: Ancestry.com, LLC. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  8. ^ McKeen, Silas (1875). A History of Bradford, Vermont. Montpelier, VT: J. D. Clark & Son. pp. 191–193 – via Internet Archive.

External links[edit]