Lynden Sculpture Garden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Lynden Sculpture Garden (formerly the Bradley Sculpture Garden) is a 40-acre outdoor sculpture park located at 2145 West Brown Deer Road in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in Milwaukee County.[1] Formerly the estate of Harry Lynde Bradley and Margaret (Peg ) Blakney Bradley, Lynden is home to the collection of more than 50 monumental sculptures collected by Margaret Bradley between 1962 and 1978. The collection features works by Alexander Archipenko, Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Clement Meadmore, Marta Pan, Tony Smith, Mark di Suvero and others sited across 40 acres of park, lake and woodland.[2]

History[edit]

The Lynden Sculpture Garden was the estate of the late Harry Lynde Bradley and Margaret (Peg) Blakney Bradley.[3] Harry Bradley, an inventor and industrialist, founded the Allen-Bradley Company with his brother Lynde in 1904, building it into one of the state’s most successful manufacturing concerns. Harry married Peg in April 1926, and in 1928, they purchased property about 10 miles north of downtown Milwaukee and named it “Lynden.”[4]

The Bradleys took the nearly 40 acres of flat farmland and, with the help of Chicago landscape architects Langford & Moreau, created an English country park with gently rolling hills, trees and flower beds. The lake and the rustic bridge spanning the water were designed to match Harry Bradley’s memories of the municipal grounds in Kansas City where he swam as a boy.[3]

In April 1934 the Bradleys hired Carl Urban, a fourth generation gardener, to supervise the crew and the planting of the garden beds and trees. Trained in Germany and the United States, Urban observed that when he first saw the acreage behind the house it consisted mainly of corn fields with horses, sheep, goats and 13 oak trees. Over time, nearly 4,000 trees were planted on the property—several varieties of elms as well as Norwegian, Austrian and Scotch pines, Norway maples, a Danish plum tree, seven varieties of birch trees and Kentucky coffee trees. Urban remained on the staff and resided in the apartment in the barn until his death in 1991.

Further plans to construct a botanical garden on the site were derailed by the outbreak of World War II. In 1962, Peg Bradley—already an experienced art collector—began collecting the contemporary monumental sculptures that secured Lynden’s international reputation. She collected actively until her death in 1978.[3]

The collection includes sculptures by Alexander Archipenko, Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Clement Meadmore, Marta Pan, Tony Smith, Mark di Suvero and many others. After the works had been purchased, Peg would sit on her porch to direct the location of wood models constructed by the staff as she chose sites for the sculptures. Some of the artists travelled to Lynden to assist with the siting and to assemble their work.

The original farmhouse, built in the 1860s, was enlarged to accommodate Harry, Peg and their daughter Jane. Local architect Fitzhugh Scott provided drawings for the alterations to the barn, the bathhouse, and a diving pier and slide. Several decades later architect David Kahler designed an addition at the west end of the house for an indoor swimming pool, providing more space for the Bradleys’ growing art collection.

Opening to the public[edit]

In 2009 the board of the Bradley Family Foundation elected to open Lynden to the public. This required an extensive renovation of the house and some of the grounds. The house has been transformed by Uihlein-Wilson Architects using sustainable building practices. The newly created public spaces include a conference room, a large classroom/studio, a gallery and a glassed-in function space overlooking the large patio.[5]

Lynden opened to the public on May 30, 2010, offering tours (docent-led and self-guided), educational programs, temporary exhibitions, and performances.[6] It is open year-round.

List of artists and works[edit]

Temporary Exhibitions and Performances[edit]

In addition to its permanent outdoor sculpture collection, Lynden hosts a number of temporary exhibitions and performances each year. Some of these are drawn from the Bradley Family Foundation collection, which includes paintings, works on paper and small sculptures. Others feature works by contemporary artists.

Inside/Outside was the theme of the Lynden Sculpture Garden’s 2010-2011 gallery exhibition program. This series of temporary exhibitions, which began in the summer of 2010, featured pairs of artists working in the gallery and on the grounds of the sculpture garden.[7][8] Inside/Outside provided a series of opportunities for artists to reframe the permanent collection and to re-present it—and the individual works in it—to the public. This established the basis for ongoing engagement with Lynden and its collection. Exhibiting artists included Kevin Giese and Linda Wervey Vitamvas,[8] Eddee Daniel and Philip Krejcarek,[9] Shana McCaw and Brent Budsberg,[10] Kevin Schlei and Lynn Tomaszewski,[11] and Amy Cropper and Stuart Morris.[12] The series culminated in Dressing the Monument, an international exhibition of contemporary sculpture and performances by Tobias Madison & Kaspar Müller (Switzerland); Hannah Weinberger (Switzerland); Nicholas Frank (Milwaukee); Michelle Grabner & Brad Killam (Chicago); Lucas Knipscher (New York); John Miller (New York) & Richard Hoeck (Vienna); David Robbins (Milwaukee); and Anicka Yi/Matt Sheridan Smith (New York).[13]

Since opening to the public in 2010, Lynden has presented performances by Eiko & Koma,[14] the Echo Park Film Center Filmmobile, WildSpace Dance Company, [15]Nora Chipaumire, [16] Present Music, [17] Trisha Brown Dance Company, [18] and Reggie Wilson/Fist and Heel Performance Group. [19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lynden Sculpture Garden Official Website". Lynden Sculpture Garden Official Website. 
  2. ^ Lawrence, J. (May 11, 2010). "Lynden Sculpture Garden shares its beauty with the rest of us". On Milwaukee. 
  3. ^ a b c Popp, S. (2010, May 23). Lynden Sculpture Garden in River Hills will open to the public on May 30. The Sunday Post, p. 16-18
  4. ^ Dunigan, P.S. (2010, May 27) The Lynden Sculpture Garden reveals the art of Harry and Peg Bradley. The Shepherd Express.
  5. ^ Ford, J. (2006, January 26). Bradley Gardens may sprout renovations, blossom with change. North Shore Herald, p. 19
  6. ^ Murrell, K. (2010, May 20). Sculpture in the grass: The Lynden Sculpture Garden. Wisconsin Gazette, p. 18.
  7. ^ Schumacher, M. L. (2010, September 19.) A preview of this season’s visual arts scene. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, p. 6E.
  8. ^ a b Lynden Sculpture Garden features UWM alumni. (2010, June 29). Retrieved January 6, 2012 from http://www4.uwm.edu/news/stories/details.cfm?customel_datapageid_11602=3437371
  9. ^ Murrell, K. (2010, October 24). Making a mark inside and out at Lynden Sculpture Garden. Thirdcoast Digest. Retrieved from http://thirdcoastdigest.com
  10. ^ Salas, R. (2011, March 31). ‘Inside/Outside’ tugs at familiarity, mystery. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, p. 4E.
  11. ^ Moriarty, J.A. (2011, April 28). Genius touch at Lynden Sculpture Garden. Shepherd Express, p. 30.
  12. ^ Levine, F. (2011, May 29). June is the perfect month for art lovers. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, p. 3E.
  13. ^ Moriarty, J.A. (2011, October 11). Sunday in the (sculpture) park with Judith Ann. ThirdCoast Digest. Retrieved from http://thirdcoastdigest.com
  14. ^ Milewski, S. (2011, July 27). Raven in the garden: Eiko and Koma bring Japanese dance to Milwaukee. Shepherd Express. Retrieved from: http://www.expressmilwaukee.com/article-15576-raven-in-the-garden.html
  15. ^ Strini, T. (2010, July 7). Where we are now: Wild Space Dance. Thirdcoast Digest. Retrieved from http://thirdcoastdigest.com
  16. ^ Hanson, K. (2013, July 15). Nora Chipaumire's 'Miriam' at the Lynden Sculpture Garden. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved from: http://www.jsonline.com/entertainment/multimedia/photos/215530781.html?gallerypage=1
  17. ^ Kiley, A. (2013, September 6). Drumming Up Interest in a Sculpture Garden. WUWM. Retrieved from http://wuwm.com/post/drumming-interest-sculpture-garden
  18. ^ Schmidt, E. (2014, July 27). Trisha Brown Dance Company offers playful program at Lynden Sculpture Garden. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved from: http://www.jsonline.com/entertainment/arts/trisha-brown-dance-company-offers-playful-program-at-lynden-sculpture-garden-b99318517z1-268808931.html
  19. ^ Higgins, J. (2015, July 14). Choreographer brings 'piece about everything' to Lynden Sculpture Garden. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved from: http://www.jsonline.com/entertainment/arts/choreographer-brings-piece-about-everything-to-lynden-sculpture-garden-b99536765z1-314976601.html
  • Gurda, J. (1992). The Bradley legacy: Lynde and Harry Bradley, their company and their foundation. The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Inc.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°10′34″N 87°56′13″W / 43.1760°N 87.9370°W / 43.1760; -87.9370