Lyndhurst, New Jersey

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Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Township
Township of Lyndhurst
Lyndhurst portion of New Jersey Meadowlands.
Lyndhurst portion of New Jersey Meadowlands.
Nickname(s): "Bear Country"[1]
Map highlighting Lyndhurst's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Lyndhurst's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyBergen
IncorporatedFebruary 19, 1852 (as Union Township)
RenamedMay 15, 1917 (as Lyndhurst)
Named forLord Lyndhurst
Government[7]
 • TypeWalsh Act
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorRobert B. Giangeruso (2012-present) (term ends May 17, 2021)[4][5]
 • Municipal clerkAngela White[6]
Area[2]
 • Total4.894 sq mi (12.676 km2)
 • Land4.558 sq mi (11.806 km2)
 • Water0.336 sq mi (0.870 km2)  6.86%
Area rank279th of 566 in state
15th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[8]10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total20,554
 • Estimate (2016)[12]22,239
 • Rank126th of 566 in state
13th of 70 in county[13]
 • Density4,509.3/sq mi (1,741.1/km2)
 • Density rank128th of 566 in state
32nd of 70 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code07071[14][15]
Area code(s)201[16]
FIPS code3400342090[2][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0882225[2][19]
Websitewww.lyndhurstnj.org

Lyndhurst is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 20,554,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 1,171 (+6.0%) from the 19,383 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,121 (+6.1%) from the 18,262 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

History[edit]

On February 22, 1840, Hudson County was formed by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The newly created county was created from territories that had been Bergen Township since 1691, as well as and from the southern portion of Lodi Township. The portion of Lodi Township taken at this time formed the new Harrison Township in Hudson County. The border between the newly created Harrison Township in Hudson County and the portion of Lodi Township remaining in Bergen County was the New Barbadoes Turnpike, which is now called Paterson Plank Road. Some of the residents of the northern portion of Harrison Township requested to be returned to Bergen County. On February 19, 1852, this area — which had been part of Lodi Township — was returned to Bergen County to become the newly formed Union Township.

On September 21, 1881, Rutherford became the first borough to be formed under the terms of the New Jersey Legislature's Borough Act of 1878, based on a referendum of voters that passed the previous day. Rutherford Borough was fully separated from the township form of government in 1890 and acquired an additional portion of Union Township in that year. On April 17, 1889, Boiling Springs Township was created from the northern portion of Union Township. This township was dissolved with the creation of the coterminous Borough of East Rutherford as of March 28, 1894. The borough of North Arlington was created as of March 11, 1896, as the result of a referendum that took place two days earlier. Finally, on March 27, 1917, the residents of the remaining portions of Union Township passed a referendum to change the name to Lyndhurst Township, which became effective as of May 15, 1917.[21] The township is named for Lord Lyndhurst.[22]

Kingsland explosion[edit]

On January 11, 1917, a fire started in Building 30 of the Canadian Car and Foundry Company, in what is now Lyndhurst, in a plant that was producing munitions for sale to the United Kingdom and the Russian Empire during World War I. After a spill of flammable liquid started a fire in a building where shells were cleaned, about 500,000, three-inch (76 mm) explosive shells were discharged in about four hours, destroying the entire facility.[23] It was said to have been a spectacle more magnificent than the explosion at Black Tom in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Tessie McNamara, who operated the company switchboard, was credited with saving 1,400 lives, contacting each of the buildings and shouting the warning, "Get out or go up!" Thanks to her dedication, no one was killed in the fire.[24] The Lyndhurst Historical Society has created a vest pocket park dedicated to the memory of McNamara.[25] The park is located on Clay Avenue, between Valley Brook Avenue and Wall Street West. The brick stack can be seen from this park.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.894 square miles (12.676 km2), including 4.558 square miles (11.806 km2) of land and 0.336 square miles (0.870 km2) of water (6.86%).[2][3]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Kingsland and South Rutherford.[26]

The township borders North Arlington and Rutherford in Bergen County; Belleville and Nutley in Essex County; Kearny and Secaucus in Hudson County; and Clifton in Passaic County.[27]

The Passaic River, crossed by the Avondale Bridge and the Lyndhurst Draw, creates the municipal and county border at the west. The eastern portion of the municipality is part of the uninhabited wetlands in the New Jersey Meadowlands.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860957
18702,057114.9%
18803,16453.8%
18901,560*−50.7%
19001,590*1.9%
19104,076156.4%
19209,515133.4%
193017,36282.5%
194017,4540.5%
195019,98014.5%
196021,8679.4%
197022,7293.9%
198020,326−10.6%
199018,262−10.2%
200019,3836.1%
201020,5546.0%
Est. 201622,239[12][28]8.2%
Population sources: 1860–1920[29]
1860–1870[30] 1870[31] 1880–1890[32]
1890–1910[33] 1910–1930[34]
1900–2010[35][36][37] 2000[38][39] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[21]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,554 people, 8,337 households, and 5,394 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,509.3 per square mile (1,741.1/km2). There were 8,787 housing units at an average density of 1,927.7 per square mile (744.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 82.97% (17,053) White, 1.98% (406) Black or African American, 0.17% (34) Native American, 6.59% (1,355) Asian, 0.03% (6) Pacific Islander, 5.57% (1,144) from other races, and 2.71% (556) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.34% (3,769) of the population.[9]

There were 8,337 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07.[9]

In the township, the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.4 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $68,177 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,370) and the median family income was $79,579 (+/- $4,878). Males had a median income of $56,299 (+/- $6,347) versus $44,468 (+/- $2,406) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,233 (+/- $2,119). About 3.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[40]

Same-sex couples headed 58 households in 2010, an increase from the 35 counted in 2000.[41]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 19,383 people, 7,877 households, and 5,206 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,169.7 people per square mile (1,609.4/km2). There were 8,103 housing units at an average density of 1,743.1 per square mile (672.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.94% White, 9.0% Hispanic or Latino, 5.40% Asian, 0.61% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from two or more races, and 2.05% from other races.[38][39]

As of the 2000 Census, 33.8% of township residents were of Italian ancestry, the 19th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and eighth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.[42]

There were 7,877 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.[38][39]

In the township the age distribution of the population shows 19.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. Lyndhurst has the highest proportion of single females ages 18–25.[38][39]

The median income for a household in the township was $53,375, and the median income for a family was $63,758. Males had a median income of $42,359 versus $35,429 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,940. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[38][39]

Economy[edit]

Lyndhurst was historically home to manufacturers of machinery and metal products.[citation needed]

Lyndhurst is also home to several locally owned and operated businesses such as Mazur's Bakery[43] and the Lyndhurst Pastry Shop, which produces regionally acclaimed Italian cakes and pastries, homemade Italian Ice during the spring, summer and fall. The main business sections are Valley Brook Avenue, Ridge Road and Stuyvesant Avenue. Lyndhurst has many neighborhood delis, eateries, restaurants and stores which allow residents the ability to walk rather than drive.

Because portions of the township are located in the New Jersey Meadowlands, a number of radio stations have their transmitters and towers located in Lyndhurst. These include AM stations WOR and WINS, as well as Amateur Radio and HD TV station W2INS.[44]

Lyndhurst Meadowlands is home to one of nine Medieval Times dinner theaters nationwide.[45]

Lyndhurst, together with North Arlington and Rutherford, was the site of the EnCap project, an effort to remediate landfills on the 785-acre (3.18 km2) site and construct homes and golf courses on top of the cleaned up site. On May 27, 2008, the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission terminated its agreement with EnCap Golf Holdings, the company that had the contract to redevelop the site, after the company had missed targets to clean up the landfills as part of the project.[46]

At one time LJN Toys had its headquarters in Lyndhurst.[47]

From 1946 until 1966, Lyndhurst was home to the BUR Barbell Company, the second-largest producer of weight training equipment in the United States.[citation needed]

Sports[edit]

Town mascot and names include the Lyndhurst Golden Bears/Lyndhurst Post 139/Lyndhurst Cubs

Lyndhurst baseball[edit]

American Legion, Cricket, Stellatos, Savinos, I.A.C.L, Bergen County Glass, Carucci, and Century 21 make up Lyndhurst Little League as of 2017.[48]

On July 14, 2006, the Lyndhurst-American Little League baseball team ended their 17-year drought to become district champs. Throughout the nine district play-off games, Lyndhurst-American hit 14 home runs and eventually emerged as sectional finalists; two wins away from appearing on national television.[49]

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer[edit]

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer has approximately 600 players from age 5 to age 13 and several travel teams.[50]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Riverside County Park is a Bergen County park covering 85 acres (34 ha) located on Riverside Avenue between Lyndhurst and North Arlington. It has a playground, athletic fields, tennis courts, a Bocce ball court, and fitness center.[51]

The township named Lewandowski Park and Lewandowski Street in honor of the three Lewandowski brothers, who were killed while serving in the armed forces during World War II.[52][53][54]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Township of Lyndhurst has been governed under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government since 1913.[55][56] All committee members are elected concurrently at-large on a non-partisan basis to four-year terms of office as part of the May municipal election, with the five members selecting a mayor from amongst its members at a reorganization meeting held after each election.[7]

As of 2016, members of the Township Committee are Mayor Robert B. Giangeruso (Commissioner of Public Safety), Thomas DiMaggio (Commissioner of Parks and Public Property), Theodore J. Dudek (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance), John J. Montillo Jr. (Commissioner of Public Affairs) and Matthew T. Ruzzo (Commissioner of Public Works), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end on May 16, 2017.[4][6][57][58][59]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lyndhurst is located in the 9th Congressional District[60] and is part of New Jersey's 36th state legislative district.[10][61][62]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson).[63] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[64] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).[65][66]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 36th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Paul Sarlo (D, Wood-Ridge) and in the General Assembly by Gary Schaer (D, Passaic) and Clinton Calabrese (D, Cliffside Park).[67][68] Calabrese was sworn into office on February 8, 2018 to fill the seat of Marlene Caride, who had resigned from office on January 16, 2018 after being nominated to head the New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance.[69][70] The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[71] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).[72]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year; a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore are selected from among its seven members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[73][74] As of 2018, the County Executive is Democratic James J. Tedesco III of Paramus, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018.[75] Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman ends 2018),[76] Freeholder Vice-Chairwoman Germaine M. Ortiz (D, Emerson, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder vice-chairwoman ends 2018),[77] Freeholder Chairman Pro-Tempore Mary J. Amoroso (D, Mahwah, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman pro-tempore ends 2018),[78] David L. Ganz (D, Fair Lawn, 2020),[79] Steve Tanelli (D, North Arlington, 2018),[80] Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee, 2020)[81] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, Franklin Lakes, 2018),[82][83][84][73] Bergen County's constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale, 2021),[85][86] Sheriff Michael Saudino (D, Emerson, 2019)[87][88] and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill, 2021).[89][90][73][91]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 11,595 registered voters in Lyndhurst Township, of which 3,237 (27.9% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,308 (19.9% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 6,044 (52.1% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.[92] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 56.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 69.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[92][93]

In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 4,818 votes (51.4% vs. 41.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 4,229 votes (45.1% vs. 54.2%) and other candidates with 205 votes (3.6% vs. 4.6%), among the 9,501 ballots cast by the borough's 13,215 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.9% (vs. 72.5% in Bergen County).[94][95] In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 4,689 votes (55.8% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 3,536 votes (42.1% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 113 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,409 ballots cast by the township's 12,126 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.3% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[96][97] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 4,531 votes (49.6% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 4,434 votes (48.6% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 80 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 9,131 ballots cast by the township's 12,250 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.5% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[98][99] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 4,346 votes (50.5% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 4,163 votes (48.3% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 81 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 8,612 ballots cast by the township's 11,721 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[100]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.4% of the vote (2,949 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 38.4% (1,876 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (61 votes), among the 5,012 ballots cast by the township's 11,693 registered voters (126 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.9%.[101][102] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,628 votes (48.9% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,389 votes (44.5% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 303 votes (5.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 29 votes (0.5% vs. 0.5%), among the 5,374 ballots cast by the township's 11,916 registered voters, yielding a 45.1% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[103]

Education[edit]

The Lyndhurst School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2015-16 school year, the district and its eight schools had an enrollment of 2,484 students and 186.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.4:1.[104] Schools in the district (with 2015-16 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[105]) are Columbus School[106] (161 students; in grades PreK-3), Franklin School[107] (216; K-3), Memorial Camous[108] (159; 3), Washington School[109] (194; K-3), Jefferson School[110] (266; 4-8), Lincoln School[111] (267; 4-8), Roosevelt School[112] (401; 4-8) and Lyndhurst High School[113] (737; 9-12)[114]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[115][116]

Founded in 1956, Sacred Heart School is a Catholic elementary school serving students in grades K-8 that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[117][118]

Bergen Community College has a campus in Lyndhurst.[119] Nearby colleges and universities include Farleigh Dickinson University (Teaneck / Hackensack campus) and Felician College in Lodi and Rutherford.

Emergency services[edit]

Police[edit]

The Lyndhurst Police Department (LPD) provides emergency and protective services to the township of Lyndhurst, and is led by Chief James B. O'Connor.[120] The LPD was established on January 1, 1907, under the laws of Union Township. The department has lost four officers in the line of duty; which is higher than any other municipality in Bergen County.[121]

A Police Auxiliary Unit falls under the Police Department and the Office of Emergency Management. Lyndhurst Police Auxiliary is headed by Deputy Chief Wayne Alexander. The Police Auxiliary members augment the services of the Police Department, with participants required to dedicate at least 16 hours a month for patrols on weekends, evenings and at township events and functions.[122]

Fire[edit]

The Lyndhurst Fire Department (LFD) is an all-volunteer fire department. The LFD was organized in February 1886. The department is staffed by 70 fully trained firefighters and responds to an average of 600 calls per year.[123]

Ambulance[edit]

The township of Lyndhurst runs both a volunteer and paid ambulance service. Residents can depend on the Lyndhurst Police Emergency Squad for emergency services. The volunteers respond to medical calls from 6pm to 6am Monday through Friday and on a 24-hour basis on weekends, while the paid division is staffed from 6am-6pm during the week.[124]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 45.95 miles (73.95 km) of roadways, of which 37.81 miles (60.85 km) were maintained by the municipality, 4.93 miles (7.93 km) by Bergen County and 2.15 miles (3.46 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.06 miles (1.71 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[125]

Route 17 and County Route 507 pass through Lyndhurst. Route 3 is just over the northern border of Lyndhurst in neighboring Rutherford. Route 21 is across the Passaic River in neighboring Nutley and Clifton.

The New Jersey Turnpike Western Spur (Interstate 95) passes through the southeastern part, but the closest interchanges are in East Rutherford (Exit 16W) and Kearny (Exit 15W).[126]

The Avondale-DeJessa Bridge, which connects Lyndhurst and Nutley over the Passaic River with one lane in each direction, carries more than 26,000 vehicles a day, and is among 22 bridges in Bergen County that have been classified as "structurally deficient".[127]

Public transportation[edit]

The Lyndhurst Draw crosses the Passaic River carrying the NJT Main Line and Metro North Port Jervis Line.

NJ Transit has two train stations in Lyndhurst, located at Lyndhurst Station[128] and Kingsland Station.[129] Trains at both stations operate on the Main Line to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to New York Penn Station, Newark Penn Station, and Newark Airport, with transfers at Hoboken to PATH trains, Hudson Bergen Light Rail, and New York Waterway ferries.[130] The trains travel over the Lyndhurst Draw, a railroad bridge crossing the Passaic River between Clifton and Lyndhurst that was constructed in 1901 and is owned and operated by NJ Transit Rail Operations.[131]

New Jersey Transit offers buses serving Newark on the 76 route and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 191, 192, 193 and 195 routes.[132][133] Lyndhurst is also served by DeCamp Bus Lines routes 32, 44 and 99.[134]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lyndhurst include:

Historic sites[edit]

Lyndhurst is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:[154]

Television[edit]

Lyndhurst has made several appearances on the hit TV series The Sopranos.[156]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "Lyndhurst, a township situated between routes 3 and 21, offers another unexpected sign. Rolling past a 7-Eleven as traffic rushes by, 'Bear Country' is probably not what most people are thinking. But there it is: front and center on the town welcome sign, paired with a long-toothed bear head. (In reality, no actual bears are involved — just the Lyndhurst High School Golden Bears, the football team.)"
  2. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  3. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Officials, Township of Lyndhurst. Accessed June 19, 2016.
  5. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  6. ^ a b 2016 County and Municipal Directory, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed June 19, 2016.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 63.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lyndhurst, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lyndhurst township, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lyndhurst township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 6, 2011.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lyndhurst, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  17. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 24, 2012.
  19. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 24, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 80 re Lyndhurst, p. 87 re Union Township. Accessed August 12, 2013.
  22. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 3, 2015.
  23. ^ The Kingsland Explosion, Lyndhurst Historical Society. Accessed September 6, 2011.
  24. ^ Staff. "TESSIE NOW THE HELLO HEROINE: Saved Thousands of Lives at Kingsland Explosion Phone Girl in Munitions Plant Plugged Warnings Under Fire", Boston Globe, January 14, 1917. Accessed September 6, 2011.
  25. ^ 90th Anniversary of the Kingsland Explosion, Lyndhurst Historical Society. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  26. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 5, 2015.
  27. ^ Areas touching Lyndhurst, MapIt. Accessed January 7, 2015.
  28. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  29. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 12, 2013.
  30. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 240, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 12, 2013. "Union was set off from Harrison, Hudson county and annexed to Bergen county in 1852. Its population in 1860 was 957, and in 1870, 2,057."
  31. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 12, 2013.
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