Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum
|Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum|
|Location||2313 Red River St, Austin, Texas, United States|
|Named for||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Inaugurated||Dedicated on May 22, 1971|
|Management||National Archives and University of Texas at Austin|
|Size||14 acres (5.7 ha)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Gordon Bunshaft of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill|
The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum, also known as the LBJ Presidential Library, is the presidential library and museum of Lyndon Baines Johnson, the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969). It is located on the grounds of the University of Texas at Austin, and is one of 13 Presidential Libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration. The LBJ Library houses 45 million pages of historical documents, including the papers of President Johnson and those of his close associates and others.
Discussions for a Presidential library for President Johnson began soon after his 1964 election victory. In February 1965, the chairman of the Board of Regents at the University of Texas at Austin, William H. Heath, proposed building the library on the university campus, along with funds to construct the building and the establishment of the Johnson School of Public Affairs on the campus. The agreement was formally reached on September 6, 1966. While past Presidential libraries were funded by private donations, the publicly-funded University of Texas paid $15 million of the $18 million needed to construct the complex and donated the land for the library, which was formerly a low-income neighborhood acquired by the university using eminent domain.
First Lady Lady Bird Johnson toured existing Presidential libraries and university campuses to consult the design of the library. Lady Bird presented three potential architects to President Johnson; Gordon Bunshaft of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill was chosen. The design was completed in the Summer of 1966 and construction began in 1967. The Library was dedicated on May 22, 1971, with Johnson and then-President Richard Nixon in attendance.
In 1991 Queen Elizabeth II visited the museum and met with President Johnson's family.
In 2012, the LBJ Library underwent a multimillion-dollar redesign, during which most of the exhibits were closed. On December 22, the Library reopened to the public. In 2013, the Library began charging admission for the first time since its dedication in 1971. The library's director, Presidential historian Mark K. Updegrove, resigned his position in February 2017. Historian Kyle Longley was named director of the library in June 2018, and assumed duties later that July.
The complex, which was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill architects Gordon Bunshaft and R. Max Brooks, is an unadorned 10-story building clad in cream Italian travertine. Library, adjacent to the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, occupies a 14-acre (57,000 m2) campus. Although the Library is on the grounds of UT Austin, it is federally run and independent from the University. The top floor of the Library has a 7/8ths scale replica of the Oval Office decorated as it was during Johnson's presidency, including the Johnson desk. Another exhibit features an animatronic LBJ. The view of the Texas State Capitol from the library's terrace became one of the Capitol View Corridors protected under state and local law from obstruction by tall buildings in 1983.
The LBJ Library provides year-round public viewing of its permanent historical, cultural, and temporary exhibits to approximately 125,000 visitors each year. It is open from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. seven days a week throughout the year. The Library is closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.
LBJ Liberty & Justice for All Award
The library honors public servants with the "LBJ Liberty & Justice for All Award." The award is given to leaders who demonstrate civility and bipartisanship. Recipients have included Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, President George H. W. Bush, Congressman John Lewis, Congressman John Dingell, Senator Carl Levin, and Senator John McCain.
- "Facts about the Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum". Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- "Lady Bird Johnson: The Mastermind Behind the LBJ Presidential Library". U.S. National Archives. October 23, 2015. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- "History of LBJ Presidential Library". LBJ Presidential Library. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- Cartwright, Gary (October 17, 1971). "The L. B. J. Library: The Life and Times Of Lyndon Johnson in Eight Full Stories". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- Moritz, John. "Lady Bird Johnson Lies In Repose". The Spokesman. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- Wheeler, Anne. "LBJ Library Opens New Exhibits After Multi Million Dollar Renovation".
- Library, LBJ Presidential. "Mark K. Updegrove to Step Down as LBJ Presidential Library Director – LBJ Presidential Library". www.lbjlibrary.org. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Historian Kyle Longley named Director, LBJ Presidential Library". www.lbjlibrary.org. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- Esto Gallery: Presidential Libraries
- "Downtown Development and Capitol View Corridors" (PDF). Downtown Austin Commission. June 27, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- "Library & Museum". LBJ Presidential Library. Austin, Texas: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Plan Your Visit". LBJ Presidential Library. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- LBJ Presidential Library (November 22, 1963). "Photo-engraving mural wall by Naomi Savage at the LBJ Library – LBJ Presidential Library". Lbjlibrary.org. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- "LBJ Foundation Honors Rep. John Dingell and Sen. Carl Levin with LBJ Liberty & Justice for All Award" (Press release). Austin, Texas: LBJ Presidential Library. November 18, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "2018 LBJ Liberty & Justice For All Award". LBJ Library. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
- Benjamin Hufbauer, Presidential Temples: How Memorials and Libraries Shape Public Memory (University Press of Kansas, 2005). See ch.3: "Symbolic Power, Democratic Access, and the Imperial Presidency: The Johnson Library."
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