Lyngbya majuscula

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Lyngbya majuscula
Lyngbya majuscula at Réunion
Lyngbya majuscula at Réunion
Scientific classification edit
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order: Oscillatoriales
Family: Oscillatoriaceae
Genus: Lyngbya
L. majuscula
Binomial name
Lyngbya majuscula

Lyngbya majuscula is a species of filamentous cyanobacteria in the genus Lyngbya.

As a result of recent genetic analyses, several new genera was erected from the genus Lygnbya: e.g., Moorea,[1] Limnoraphis,[2] Okeania,[3], Microseira,[4] and Dapis.[5]

Almost 300 different secondary metabolites have been isolated from specimens identified as L. majuscula.[6] However, most of these studies lack a molecular identification of the samples. Several specimens identified as L. majuscula and collected in marine tropical regions are now classified as members of the genera Okeania and Moorea.

Antillatoxin and Kalkitoxin have been reported to be extracted from this microbe.[7] L. majuscula is the cause of seaweed dermatitis.[8]


  1. ^ Engene, N.; Rottacker, E. C.; Kastovsky, J.; Byrum, T.; Choi, H.; Ellisman, M. H.; Komarek, J.; Gerwick, W. H. (2011). "Moorea producens gen. nov., sp. nov. and Moorea bouillonii comb. nov., tropical marine cyanobacteria rich in bioactive secondary metabolites". Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 62 (Pt 5): 1171–1178. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.033761-0. PMC 3542135. PMID 21724952.
  2. ^ Komarek, Jiri; Zapomelova, Eliska; Smarda, Jan; Kopecky, Jiri; Rejmankova, Eliska; Woodhouse, Jason; Neilan, Brett A.; Komarkova, Jaroslava (2013). "Polyphasic evaluation of Limnoraphis robusta, a water-bloom forming cyanobacterium from Lake Atitlan, Guatemala, with a description of Limnoraphis gen. nov". Fottea. 13 (1): 39–52. doi:10.5507/fot.2013.004.
  3. ^ Engene, Niclas; Paul, Valerie J.; Byrum, Tara; Gerwick, William H.; Thor, Andrea; Ellisman, Mark H.; De Clerck, O. (2013). "Five chemically rich species of tropical marine cyanobacteria of the genus Okeania gen. nov. (Oscillatoriales, Cyanoprokaryota)". J. Phycol. 49 (6): 1095–1106. doi:10.1111/jpy.12115. PMID 27007630.
  4. ^ McGregor, Glenn B.; Sendall, Barbara C.; Lindell, D. (2015). "Phylogeny and toxicology ofLyngbya wollei(Cyanobacteria, Oscillatoriales) from north-eastern Australia, with a description ofMicroseiragen. nov". J. Phycol. 51 (1): 109–119. doi:10.1111/jpy.12256. PMID 26986262.
  5. ^ Engene, Niclas; Tronholm, Ana; Paul, Valerie J.; De Clerck, O. (2018). "Uncovering cryptic diversity of Lyngbya: the new tropical marine cyanobacterial genus Dapis (Oscillatoriales)". J. Phycol. 54 (4): 435–446. doi:10.1111/jpy.12752. PMID 29791035.
  6. ^ Blunt, J. W. & Munro, M. H. G. 2017. Marinlit Database. Department of Chemistry, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. Available at: (last accessed 24 May 2017).
  7. ^ Osborne, Nicholas J.T.; Webb, Penny M.; Shaw, Glen R. (November 2001). "The toxins of Lyngbya majuscula and their human and ecological health effects". Environment International. 27 (5): 381–392. doi:10.1016/S0160-4120(01)00098-8.
  8. ^ James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6.