Lynn County, Texas

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Lynn County, Texas
Lynn county courthouse 2009.jpg
Lynn County Courthouse in Tahoka
Map of Texas highlighting Lynn County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1903
Seat Tahoka
Largest city Tahoka
Area
 • Total 893 sq mi (2,313 km2)
 • Land 892 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 5,915
 • Density 6.6/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.lynn.tx.us
Lynn County, TX, sign IMG 1492.JPG
Veterans Monument at Lynn County Courthouse

Lynn County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,915.[1] Its county seat is Tahoka.[2] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1903.[3]

Lynn County, along with Crosby and Lubbock Counties, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA), encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock–Levelland Combined Statistical Area (CSA).

Lynn County is one of 30 prohibition,[4] or entirely dry, counties in Texas.

The county has two historical museums, the O'Donnell Heritage Museum, with a Dan Blocker room in O'Donnell, and the Tahoka Pioneer Museum in Tahoka.

History[edit]

Native Americans[edit]

Apache and Comanche peoples roamed the high plains until various military expeditions of the 19th century pushed them away.

The Red River War of 1874 was a military campaign to drive out the Apaches, Comanches, and Kiowas in Texas.[5] In 1877, the ill-fated Nolan Expedition[6] crossed the county in search of livestock stolen by Comanche renegades.[7] The various Indian tribes had moved on by the time of white settlement due to the depletion of the buffalo herds by hunters.[8]

Settlers[edit]

In the early 1880s, sheep and cattle ranchers began to set up operations in the county. The situation changed as large-scale ranching spread into the county.

W C. Young of Fort Worth and Illinois Irishman Ben Galbraith established the beginnings of the Curry Comb Ranch in the northwest part of Garza County. By 1880, it spilled over into Lynn County.[9] The Square Compass Ranch of Garza County also protruded into Lynn County.

The county remained sparsely settled ranching territory for two decades after 1880. It had no towns; the population was nine in 1880, 24 in 1890, and 17 in 1900. Farmers began to move into the county and invest in corn, grains, and cotton.

County established[edit]

Lynn County was formed in 1876 from Bexar.[10] The county was organized in 1903, with Takoha becoming the county seat.

New towns were founded during the early years of the 20th century. O'Donnell,[11] named for railroad man Tom J. O'Donnell, was established in 1910 as a speculative venture based on the opening up of new farmlands in southern Lynn and northern Dawson Counties. Wilson, 13 miles (19 km) northeast of Tahoka, was established in 1912 to attract farmers to the newly opened lands of the Dixie Ranch. A large number of Central Texas Germans purchased county lands, thus beginning a small-scale migration of Germans into the county that lasted into the 1950s.

Cotton farming prospered in the early part of the 20th century. Farmers later expanded to wheat and sorghum, plus cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry, chiefly chickens and turkeys.

Oil was discovered in the county in 1950. By 1983, the total production was 10,612,550 barrels (1,687,261 m3).

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 893 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 892 square miles (2,310 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is covered by water.[12]

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 9
1890 24 166.7%
1900 17 −29.2%
1910 1,713 9,976.5%
1920 4,751 177.3%
1930 12,372 160.4%
1940 11,931 −3.6%
1950 11,030 −7.6%
1960 10,914 −1.1%
1970 9,107 −16.6%
1980 8,605 −5.5%
1990 6,758 −21.5%
2000 6,550 −3.1%
2010 5,915 −9.7%
Est. 2016 5,711 [13] −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1850–2010[15] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[16] of 2000, 6,550 people, 2,354 households, and 1,777 families resided in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). The 2,671 housing units averaged 3 per square mile (1/km²). The county's racial makeup was 75.53% White, 2.84% Black or African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 18.24% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. About 44% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 2,354 households, 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were not families; 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the county, the population was distributed as 31.20% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,694, and for a family was $33,146. Males had a median income of $27,972 versus $19,531 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,090. About 19.30% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 24.40% of those age 65 or over.

The county is served by a weekly newspaper, nearby stations KBXJ (FM) and KPET (AM), and the various Lubbock radio and TV stations. KAMZ (FM) and KMMX (FM) are licensed to Tahoka, but have offices and studios in Lubbock and originate few if any programs from Lynn County.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-16. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  5. ^ Red River Historian
  6. ^ Find A Grave, Major Nicholas Nolan
  7. ^ Handbook of Texas, Nolan Expedition
  8. ^ A Beginner’s Guide to Freedom, Buffalo Hunted to Near Extinction
  9. ^ Curry Comb Ranch
  10. ^ Handbook of Texas, Lynn County
  11. ^ Texas Escapes, O’Donnell
  12. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 3, 2015. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°11′N 101°49′W / 33.18°N 101.82°W / 33.18; -101.82