Lynn Morley Martin

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Lynn Morley Martin
Lynn Morley Martin.jpg
21st United States Secretary of Labor
In office
February 7, 1991 – January 20, 1993
PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush
Preceded byElizabeth Dole
Succeeded byRobert Reich
Vice Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1989
LeaderBob Michel
Preceded byJack Edwards
Succeeded byBill McCollum
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 16th district
In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1991
Preceded byJohn B. Anderson
Succeeded byJohn W. Cox Jr.
Personal details
Born
Judith Lynn Morley

(1939-12-26) December 26, 1939 (age 81)
Evanston, Illinois, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Harry Leinenweber
EducationUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign (BA)

Lynn Morley Martin (born Judith Lynn Morley; December 26, 1939) is an American businesswoman and former United States politician who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois from 1981 to 1991, representing the 16th congressional district, and as U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1991 to 1993.

Early life and career[edit]

Martin was born in Evanston, Illinois, the daughter of Helen Catherine (Hall) and Lawrence William Morley, an accountant.[1] She attended Taft High School in Chicago from 1952 to 1956. She was later named to Taft's Hall of Fame. In 1960 she graduated from the University of Illinois, where she was a member of the Gamma Phi Beta sorority. After becoming a teacher in the Rockford Public School District, she continued in that job after being elected to public office, serving as a member of the Winnebago County board from 1972 to 1976[2] before being elected to the Illinois House of Representatives (1977–79), Illinois Senate (1979–80), and U.S. House of Representatives (1981–91).

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

She ran for the House, after Representative John B. Anderson retired to run for President in 1980. She won a competitive four-way Republican primary for the open seat. Martin's ran on a platform that was fiscally conservative, lower taxes and business deregulation, and socially liberal, pro-choice and advocating for the Equal Rights Amendment.

In the U.S. House, she was vice chair of the House Republican Conference.[3] She was the first woman to be elected to a position in the Republican House Leadership.[4] During her time in Congress, Martin served on the Armed Services Committee, the Budget Committee, and the House Rules Committee. Martin earned the nickname "the Axe" for her efforts to reduce spending while serving on the House Budget Committee.[5] On a number of important issues she split with Republicans: arguing for a minimum wage increase, voting to override President Reagan’s 1986 veto of a sanctions bill against the apartheid regime in South Africa, joining with Democrats to stiffen punishment for white-collar criminals, and supporting pro-choice legislation.[6]

A loyalist to the Reagan Administration, she assisted then-Vice President George H.W. Bush with his preparation for the 1984 Vice Presidential debate against Geraldine Ferraro. She brought an unexpected attacking and aggressive style out of the gates in the mock debates, throwing the Vice President off balance and convincing him that he needed to take Ferraro more seriously and prepare more. Martin also was tapped to deliver Bush's nominating speech at the Republican National Convention in Dallas.[7] Bush touted her as a possible running mate in his 1988 presidential campaign, though he eventually selected Indiana Senator Dan Quayle.

Martin entered the race for the vacant Republican Conference Chair position, following Dick Cheney of Wyoming's decision to run for Whip spot, the second highest leadership position. Martin lost her bid to Jerry Lewis of California by a slim margin of three votes after conservative hardliners mounted a coordinated campaign against her, in part, for her stances on social issues.[8]

Martin's official U.S. Department of Labor portrait, by artist Peter Egeli

1990 Senate Run[edit]

Martin ran for the U.S. Senate in 1990 against Democratic incumbent Paul Simon. She was considered a formidable challenger, but her campaign floundered – in ads, Martin poked fun at Simon's signature bow tie, but the humorous ad campaign was seen by some as petty and mean-spirited. Martin's campaign suffered from poor fundraising as well, being outspent by Simon by a margin of two-to-one. Simon's popularity proved too much to overcome, and he won with 65 percent of the vote, carrying all but two counties in the state; Edwards County in the southeast and McHenry County outside Chicago, in the heart of the district Martin represented for most of the 1980s. In a midterm favorable to Democrats, Martin was further hurt by negative campaign tactics deployed by advisor Roger Ailes, as well as a number of gaffes. Including, referencing downstate voters as "rednecks".[9] Martin raised the most campaign funds out of any Republican Senate challenger that cycle.[10]

Secretary of Labor[edit]

George H.W. Bush tapped Martin to be U.S. Secretary of Labor in his Cabinet when Elizabeth Dole resigned to become president of the American Red Cross.[11] Martin was confirmed as Secretary of Labor by the Senate on January 22, 1991, by a vote of 94–0.[12][13] During her tenure, Martin promoted programs that would help produce a highly skilled workforce. Martin's signature policy while Secretary was the promotion of her Glass Ceiling Commission. Martin pushed for greater representation of women and minorities in the corporate world and was crusader against sexual harassment in the work place.[14]

At the 1992 Republican Convention, Secretary Martin was selected to give the nominating address for President to George H. W. Bush.[15]

Post Political career[edit]

From 1993 to 1999, Martin was a professor at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, and chair of the Council for the Advancement of Women and advisor to the firm of Deloitte & Touche LLP, for Deloitte's internal human resources and minority advancement matters. She was briefly a fellow at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government.[16]

In 1993, Martin was among the finalist to be named as Commissioner of Baseball, but the job ultimately went to Bud Selig.[17]

In 1995, she tested the waters to run for the 1996 Republican presidential nomination, but decided against it after concluding there was insufficient support for her candidacy. She participated in a Republican primary debate in New Hampshire on local television.[18] Arguably, she would have been the most viable woman to run for the Republican presidential nomination in history to that date.[19][failed verification]

Martin has been a director on the boards of AT&T Corporation, Ryder System Inc., Dreyfus Funds, Constellation Energy Group and Procter & Gamble. She served as chairman of the board of the Lincoln Park Zoo in Chicago.

She is briefly mentioned in The Loudest Voice for her connection to future Fox News executive Roger Ailes.

Personal life[edit]

She married John Martin in 1960 and the couple had two daughters. They divorced in 1978. Martin remarried in 1987 to Harry Leinenweber, a U.S. District Court Judge. She has five step children.[20]

Awards[edit]

Lynn Morley Martin was inducted as a laureate of The Lincoln Academy of Illinois and awarded the Order of Lincoln (the State's highest honor) by Illinois Governor George Ryan in 2000 in the area of religion.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sobel, Robert; Sicilia, David B. (2003). The United States Executive Branch: A Biographical Directory of Heads of State and Cabinet Officials. ISBN 9780313311345.
  2. ^ Gherardini, Caroline (ed.). "New Members of the General Assembly". Illinois Issues. Sangamon State University. 5 (2): 28. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  3. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120618031719/http://womenincongress.house.gov/member-profiles/profile.html?intID=155. Archived from the original on June 18, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Women in Party Leadership in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1949–Present". History, Art and Archives US House of Representatives.
  5. ^ Women in Congress 1917–2006. The Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives. p. 602.
  6. ^ "Women in Congress: Lynn Martin". Women in Congress.
  7. ^ Women in Congress 1917–2006. 2006. p. 604.
  8. ^ Women in Congress 1917–2006. 2006. p. 604.
  9. ^ Oreskes, Michael (October 19, 1990). "High Hopes of Defeating Simon Are Being Deflated". The New York Times.
  10. ^ Oreskes, Michael (October 19, 1990). "High Hopes of Defeating Simon Are Being Deflated". The New York Times.
  11. ^ "Video of President Bush Nominating Lynn Martin". CSPAN. CSPAN.
  12. ^ "PN64 — Lynn Martin — Department of Labor". Congress.gov.
  13. ^ "Video of Lynn Martin Confirmation Hearing". CSPAN. CSPAN.
  14. ^ "Hall of Secretaries". Labor.gov. Department of Labor.
  15. ^ "Republican National Convention Nominating Speech". CSPAN. CSPAN.
  16. ^ Encyclopedia.com https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/martin-lynn-1939. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ Maske, Mark (October 22, 1993). "LYNN MARTIN SAID TO MAKE SHORT LIST FOR COMMISSIONER'S JOB". Washington Post.
  18. ^ http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/NewHampshireR
  19. ^ http://www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/stories/1999/03/09/president.2000/dole/index.html
  20. ^ History, Art and Archives US House of Representatives https://history.house.gov/People/Detail/17563. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "Laureates by Year – The Lincoln Academy of Illinois". The Lincoln Academy of Illinois. Retrieved March 7, 2016.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 16th congressional district

1981–1991
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Vice Chair of the House Republican Conference
1985–1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Illinois
(Class 2)

1990
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by United States Secretary of Labor
1991–1993
Succeeded by