Lyon Metro Line C

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Line C
Lyon tcl metro-c.svg
MCL 80 - Croix Paquet - Lyon - 2012 (2).JPG
A rack-railway train of line C at the station Croix-Paquet
Native nameLigne C
TypeRapid transit
SystemLyon Metro
Rolling stockMCL 80
Opened1891 and 1974[1]
Last extension1984[1]
Line length2.4 km (1.5 mi)[1]
Rack systemVon-Roll
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC overhead line
Maximum incline17%[1]
Average inter-station distance625 m (2,051 ft)

Line C (Ligne C) of the Lyon Metro is the modern incarnation of the Funiculaire Croix-Rousse - Croix-Paquet (Croix-Rousse - Croix-Paquet Funicular), an old cable-hauled railway operating on part of the current alignment.

In 1891, the original funicular line was opened, running between its namesake stations.[citation needed] After surviving the closure of the nearby funiculaire Rue Terme - Croix-Rousse in 1967, this line closed in 1972 for refurbishment and conversion to rack railway technology, reopening for service in 1974[1] (four years before lines A and B opened). When it was integrated with the metro as Lyon Metro Line C in 1978, the line's southern end was extended from Croix-Paquet to Hôtel-de-Ville (City Hall), also equipped with rack rail.[1] A further extension of Line C opened on December 8, 1984, when its northern end was extended from Croix-Rousse to Cuire as an adhesion railway (no rack).[1]

The line now serves five stations, and is 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) long.[1] It was constructed using various methods: the original route used by the former funicular line runs up a steep incline rising from a deep tunnel to an exposed trench, the newly built level segment at Croix-Rousse using cut-and-cover, and the latest section beyond Hénon running on the surface. Croix Paquet station claims to be the steepest metro station in the world, with an incline of 17%.[1] The repurposed alignment of the original funicular from Croix-Paquet to Croix-Rousse is among the world's oldest structures currently used by metro trains, having first opened in 1891.

List of the stations[edit]

Diagram of Line C


A rack-railway train of line C at the station Croix-Paquet.
  • December 9, 1974: Croix-Paquet—Croix-Rousse
  • May 2, 1978: Hôtel de Ville - Louis Pradel—Croix-Rousse
  • December 10, 1984: Hôtel de Ville - Louis Pradel—Cuire


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Le Métro sur le réseau TCL" [The Metro/Subway of TCL's network] (in French). TCL - SYTRAL. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2013-09-28.

External links[edit]