The grounds of Lypiatt Park
|Status||Grade I listed|
Lypiatt Park is a medieval and Tudor manor house with notable nineteenth-century additions in the parish of Bisley, near Stroud, in Gloucestershire, England. The grounds include a fine group of medieval outbuildings.
History and description
Lypiatt Park was the manor house of Over Lypiatt, first recorded in 1220. In 1324 the manor was a possession of the Maunsell family, who probably built the extant chapel. In 1395 Richard Whittington, Lord Mayor of London, acquired the manor in satisfaction of a debt.
An engraving by Johannes Kip for Sir Robert Atkyns' History of Glostershire of about 1710 illustrates the Tudor manor house, perhaps the house of Robert Wye, who owned the manor from c. 1505-44. The principal range contained a hall with service rooms to the east, and a three-bay parlour/solar block of living quarters to the west, with two irregular and incomplete courtyards. The northern court contained the chapel and the gatehouse (demolished).
In 1610 the house was bought by Thomas Stephens, whose descendants lived there for nearly 200 years. On 1 January 1645, the house was captured and burnt by Royalist troops evicting a Parliamentary garrison, but it was later repaired and reoccupied.
The house was sold in 1802 by Thomas Baghot-de la Bere, nephew of the last Stephens owner, to the local clothier and banker, Paul Wathen, who was High Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1810 and knighted in 1812. He employed Jeffrey Wyattville to add a new range at the west end of the house in a picturesque neo-Tudor style.
Sir Paul Baghott was declared bankrupt in 1819, in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars, when Lypiatt Park was sold in 1824 to William Lewis of Brimscombe, who made some further improvements.
In 1841, the house was sold to Samuel Baker, who commissioned the Gloucester architect, Samuel Daukes, to make minor alterations. In 1846, it was sold again, this time to J. E. Dorington, whose son Sir John Dorington, 1st Baronet expanded the estate and employed Thomas Henry Wyatt to make further major alterations to the house in the Gothic Revival style in 1876-77.
The Lypiatt Park estate was broken up and sold in 1919. W.J. Gwyn bought the house and most of the estate, and settled there in the late 1920s with his sister and brother-in-law, Judge H.B.D. Woodcock. The latter continued to live there after their death with his daughter, Isla Woodcock, until it was sold in 1951/2, when they moved to Jaynes Court, nearby. In 1959, by then in some disrepair, it was purchased by the Modernist British sculptor, Lynn Chadwick (1914–2003), whose expressionistic, figurative works in welded iron and bronze earned him international acclaim. Chadwick restored the house and died there on April 25, 2003, since when his heirs have put forward proposals to open to the public an area of the park in order create a permanent display for his sculpture collection.
- Nicholas Mander, Country Houses of the Cotswolds (Aurum Press, 2008)
- Photos of the house and garden - Lynn Chadwick website