3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||371.39 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Lysidine is an uncommon nucleoside, rarely seen outside of tRNA. It is a derivative of cytidine in which the carbonyl is replaced by the amino acid lysine. The third position in the anti-codon of the Isoleucine-specific tRNA, is typically changed from a cytidine which would pair with guanosine to a lysidine which will base pair with adenosine. Uridine could not be used at this position even though it is a conventional partner for adenosine since it will also "wobble base pair" with guanosine. So lysidine allows better translation fidelity.
- Nakanishi K, Fukai S, Ikeuchi Y, et al. (May 2005). "Structural basis for lysidine formation by ATP pyrophosphatase accompanied by a lysine-specific loop and a tRNA-recognition domain". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102 (21): 7487–7492. doi:10.1073/pnas.0501003102. PMC . PMID 15894617.
- Salowe SP, Wiltsie J, Hawkins JC, Sonatore LM (Apr 10, 2009). "The Catalytic Flexibility of tRNAIle-lysidine Synthetase Can Generate Alternative tRNA Substrates for Isoleucyl-tRNA Synthetase". J Biol Chem. 284 (15): 9656–9662. doi:10.1074/jbc.M809013200. PMC . PMID 19233850.