Lysis of Taras

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Lysis of Taras (/ˈlsɪs/; Greek: Λῦσις; fl. c. 5th-century BC) was a Greek philosopher. His life is obscure. He was said to have been a friend and disciple of Pythagoras. After the persecution of the Pythagoreans at Croton and Metapontum he escaped and went to Thebes, where he became the teacher of Epaminondas, by whom he was held in the highest esteem.[1] There are, however, serious chronological difficulties with his being both a disciple of Pythagoras and the teacher of Epaminondas.

Lysis was credited as the actual author of a work which was attributed to Pythagoras himself.[2] Diogenes Laërtius quotes from an undoubtedly spurious letter from Lysis to Hippasus as an authority for some statements concerning Damo.[3]


  1. ^ Pausanias, ix. 13. §1; Aelian, Varia Historia, iii. 17; Diodorus Siculus, Exc. de Virt. et Vit. 556; Plutarch, de Gen. Socr. 8, 13, 14, 16; Diogenes Laërtius, viii. 39; Cornelius Nepos, Epam. 2; Iamblichus, Vit. Pyth. 35.
  2. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, viii. 7.
  3. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, viii. 42.