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Hornbostel–Sachs classification 211.11
Related instruments

The lytavry (Ukrainian: Литаври) (also tulumbasy) are a bass drum similar to the kettle drums or timpani used in Ukraine. The lytavry were used in Ukraine from the times of the Cossacks, and probably earlier as a signaling device to announce meetings and enemy attacks. They are used in Ukrainian folk instrument orchestras.

Hornbostel-Sachs classification number 211.11

See also[edit]


  • Cherkasky, L. - Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty // Tekhnika, Kiev, Ukraine, 2003 - 262 pages. ISBN 966-575-111-5