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Shops on High Street
Lytchett Matravers shown within Dorset
(parish, 2011 Census)
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Lytchett Matravers|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||Mid Dorset and North Poole|
|Website||Lytchett Matravers Parish Council|
The name comes from the Brittonic litchet meaning "grey wood" and the Norman surname "Maltravers". Until the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 a Danish lord called Tholf held the manor of Lytchett. After the conquest William I granted the manor to Hugh Maltravers, who was still the feudal overlord when the Domesday Book of 1086 recorded Lytchett Matravers as part of Cogdean Hundred in 1086.
The Maltravers family held the village for about 300 years, until the Black Death reduced the population in the second half of the 14th century. The surviving villagers deserted the original village, sited around the church and manor house, and resettled further up the hill.
The remaining female heir to the title ‘in abeyance’, Eleanor Maltravers, inherited the title on the death of her sister, Joan, in or after 1376. She became married to John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel on 17 February 1359.
The estate was later bought from the Arundels by the Trenchard family, who demolished the former manor house and built a new one that incorporated, amongst other facilities, a ballroom and a tower. When the Trenchard family foundered in 1829, the manor passed to the Dillon family who added the name Trenchard to their own. However, the newly titled Dillon-Trenchards chose not to occupy the newer manor house. The Dillon-Trenchards left Lytchett Matravers in the latter part of the 20th century.
In 2005 the Lordship of Lytchett Matravers passed to Hon. Geoffrey Beck (born 1966), being one of the few remaining descendants of the de Carterets of Arundel, and a direct descendant of Renaud de Courtenay, Baron Okehampton (c. 1125 – c. 1190).
Lytchett Matravers has developed over the 20th century from a settlement of mostly scattered cottages with large curtilages to a village with a moderately high housing density. In the 1920s and 1930s there was some ribbon development on the main access road. This continued into the 1950s with the addition of small scale infill housing behind. Since the 1970s development has mainly been through housing estates. In the 1960s and early 1970s many of the original cob and thatch cottages were either demolished or greatly altered, but there are still 13 thatched cottages in the village, some of which retain their original curtilage. Recently some modern developments have included a smattering of thatched houses in an acknowledgement of the local vernacular architecture.
The village is on higher ground in a landscape of small valleys, open fields and woods about 5 miles (8 km) northwest of Poole and a similar distance north of Wareham. The elevation gives views from many parts of the village to Poole Harbour and the Purbeck hills. The village is in the Green Belt of the South East Dorset conurbation. To the northeast are the plantations of Henbury and Stoney Down and to the south the woods of Lytchett Heath.
Church of England
The Church of England parish church of St Mary the Virgin is 1⁄4 mile (400 m) northwest of the modern village, on the former site of the village deserted in the 14th century. The church's west tower is 13th-century, the chancel is 14th-century and the rest of the church was rebuilt in about 1500. It is a Grade I listed building. The west tower has six bells, the oldest of which was cast in about 1400.
Lytchett Matravers has two pubs: the Chequers Inn and the Rose and Crown.
The village has a primary school. It was enlarged and relocated in 1990 and draws pupils from outside its catchment area. Secondary education is provided by Lytchett Minster Upper School which is about 2 miles (3 km) from the village.
The village hall was built in 1972 to replace the ailing Jubilee Hall, which was largely built of timber and corrugated iron. A small parish council office is attached.
The youth centre is just off the west end of the High Street. The village has a children's play area, recreation ground, basketball court, a skateboarding area and a scout hut for the 1st Lytchett Matravers Scouts.
A small number of businesses run in or from the village. Most of those of working age however, commute elsewhere in Dorset for their work, chiefly to Poole and Bournemouth. A substantial number of retired or semi-retired people live in the village.
Sport and recreation
There are active sports clubs and other social and recreational clubs in the village. There is Lytchett Red Triangle football club, a cricket club and a British Legion Club. For children there are Beavers, Cubs, Brownies, Scouts, Guides, an Army Cadet Force Unit and a Youth Parish Council.
The monthly Parish Magazine, received by about 700 households, usually includes articles on the activities of 12 clubs and societies in the village. There are at least as many others that are not covered. In October 2001, a typical month, there was a booking listed for the village hall every day of the month and several clubs and societies meet either in their own premises or at a venue elsewhere in the village. For many years, the village has held a traditional carnival in June. The village is twinned with the French village of Les Pieux, 1 1⁄4 miles (2 km) from Cherbourg, linked by a regular car ferry with Poole.
A group of villagers prepared a village appraisal called the Lytchett Matravers Parish Plan which explains the consultation process undertaken, details the concerns expressed by villagers and proposes an Action Plan to address the concerns of the villagers.
As of December 2007 there were planning applications for land near the A35 road.
The Draft Regional Spatial Strategy for the South West includes provision for 2,750 new homes to be built on green land between Lytchett Matravers and Lytchett Minster. Villagers of Lytchett Matravers, Lytchett Minster and Upton, the local planning authority, and the local Member of Parliament all objected to the proposal.
- "Area: Lytchett Matravers (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- Lytchett Matravers in the Domesday Book
- "Area: Lytchett Matravers (Ward): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Bournemouth & Purbeck, Wimborne Minster & Ringwood (Map) (D2 ed.). 1:50,000. Landranger. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. 2005. ISBN 978-0-319-22868-5. 195.
- Historic England. "Parish church of St Mary the Virgin (Grade I) (1171322)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Baldwin, John (19 July 2006). "Lytchett Matravers S Mary V". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "Our Churches". Poole Bay Methodist Circuit. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Lytchett Matravers Primary School
- Newman, John; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1972). Dorset. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 263. ISBN 0-14-071044-2.
- RCHME, ed. (1970). "Lytchett Matravers". An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset. 2, South East. London: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. pp. 154–157, 446, 482.
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