Lythe

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Lythe
Lythe.jpg
The village of Lythe
Lythe is located in North Yorkshire
Lythe
Lythe
Lythe shown within North Yorkshire
Population377 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ846130
Civil parish
  • Lythe
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWHITBY
Postcode districtYO21
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°30′21″N 0°41′39″W / 54.505800°N 0.694300°W / 54.505800; -0.694300Coordinates: 54°30′21″N 0°41′39″W / 54.505800°N 0.694300°W / 54.505800; -0.694300

Lythe is a small village and large civil parish, in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England, situated near Whitby within the North York Moors National Park. The name of the village derives from Old Norse and means hill or slope.[2]

According to the 2011 UK census, Lythe parish had a population of 377,[1] a reduction on the 2001 UK census figure of 465.[3]

It was in the old North Riding and in the wapentake of Langbaurgh East.[4]

St Oswald’s Church is a plain stone building in the Early English style.[5] The stained glass east window is a memorial to the Rev. William Long, who was vicar from 1813 to 1858. Inside the church are memorials to the Phipps family, and to the Marquess of Normanby. The register dates from 1634.[6] There is also a Wesleyan Methodist chapel.

Mulgrave Castle is the seat of the Marquess of Normanby.[7] The estate also contains the ruins of a former residence known locally as Mulgrave Old Castle, which was an earthwork motte and bailey fortress.[8]

Within the parish are the villages of Mickleby, Ugthorpe and Sandsend, and the hamlets of Barnby, Ellerby, Goldsborough, Hutton Mulgrave, Kettleness and Newton Mulgrave.[9]

The old Red Lion public house has recently been renamed The Stiddy. A "stiddy" is an anvil packed full of gunpowder and fired like a cannon on special occasions, such as the birth of the Marquess' male heir, the jubilee, or the end of the Second World War.[10]

There are a variety of amenities in the village including a primary school, a community shop with post office, tennis courts and a retained fire station.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Lythe Parish (1170217352)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  2. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (Fourth ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 310. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
  3. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Lythe CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 July 2008.
  4. ^ "The wapentake of Langbaurgh (west): Introduction | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Oswald  (Grade I) (13160971316096)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Genuki: Lythe parish registers: Dates and current locations etc. , Yorkshire (North Riding)". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  7. ^ "History of Mulgrave Castle, in Scarborough and North Riding | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Old Mulgrave Castle  (Grade I) (1316096)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  9. ^ Jones, Sam (3 November 2016). "Sandsend village church faces closure without help". Whitby Gazette. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Lythe Village | Lythe North Yorkshire | wonderfulwhitby.co.uk". www.wonderfulwhitby.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  11. ^ Fredman, Alex (1 March 2010). "Do you have what it takes to be a Whitby firefighter?". The Whitby Gazette. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  12. ^ Lodge, Bethany (23 May 2017). "Fire brigade looking for new recruits - and applications are open". Gazette Live. Retrieved 11 November 2018.