Montcerf-Lytton, Quebec

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Montcerf QC 1.JPG
Montcerf-Lytton is located in Western Quebec
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°32′N 76°03′W / 46.533°N 76.050°W / 46.533; -76.050Coordinates: 46°32′N 76°03′W / 46.533°N 76.050°W / 46.533; -76.050[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Outaouais
RCM La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau
Constituted September 19, 2001
 • Mayor Alain Fortin
 • Federal riding Pontiac
 • Prov. riding Gatineau
 • Total 379.80 km2 (146.64 sq mi)
 • Land 354.12 km2 (136.73 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 687
 • Density 1.9/km2 (5/sq mi)
 • Pop (2006–11) Decrease 7.0%
 • Dwellings 390
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0W 1N0
Area code(s) 819
Montcerf village centre

Montcerf-Lytton is a municipality in La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada. Its territory spans both shores of the Désert River, a tributary of the Gatineau River.

Its population centres include: Brodeur, Chute-Rouge, Lytton, and Montcerf.

Montcerf has one of the best soil for cultivation across the Gatineau Valley region, supplemented by a network of lakes (most notably Clair, Desrivières, and Lytton Lakes) and forests, which are part of the Bras-Coupé–Désert ZEC.[4] Fishing and hunting are popular sport activities in this place.[5]


The Township of Lytton was formed in 1869, named after Lord Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1803-1873). The township municipality was set up in 1909.[4] with M.W.P. O'Connor as first mayor. In 1916, telephone service is established in Lytton, but not until 1952 did electricity arrive.[6]

Montcerf was opened for colonization in 1870. Formerly spelled "Moncerf" or "Mont Cerf", it became Montcerf (French for "Mount Deer") during the nineteenth century and the name presumably refers to a mountain which rises near the village and once teemed with deer and moose. The mission of Sainte-Philomène-de-Montcerf was established in 1872 and the Montcerf Post Office opened in 1886. The Municipality of Montcerf was officially set up in 1920[5] with Abraham Mathieu as first mayor. In 1929, electricity arrived in Montcerf, followed by telephone service in 1948.[6]

On September 19, 2001, the Municipality of Montcerf and the Lytton Township Municipality were merged into the new Municipality of Montcerf-Lytton[5] with Fernand Lirette (mayor of Montcerf since 1974) as first mayor.[6]


Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 687 (2006 to 2011 population change: -7.0 %)
  • Population in 2006: 739
  • Population total in 2001: 703
    • Montcerf: 422
    • Lytton: 281
  • Population in 1996:
    • Montcerf: 474
    • Lytton: 252
  • Population in 1991:
    • Montcerf: 484
    • Lytton: 240

Private dwellings (occupied by usual residents): 302


  • French as first language: 100%

In Popular Culture[edit]

Montcerf is mentioned in David Foster Wallace's novel Infinite Jest. The character John ("no relation") Wayne originally hails from Montcerf.


  1. ^ Reference number 370022 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 83088 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2483088) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Lytton (Canton)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  5. ^ a b c "Montcerf (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  6. ^ a b c "Historique Montcerf-Lytton" (in French). Municipalité de Montcerf-Lytton. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census