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Shevtsova was born in Izvaryne, a town in Krasnodon city. Her family moved within the limits of Krasnodon city in 1927. When she finished school in 1942, she became involved in an underground organization in Voroshilovgrad, sending in information that the other members collected. In August 1942, it became dangerous for her to continue her work there so she returned to Krasnodon, where she became an active member of the Young Guard.
She handed out leaflets and organized missions that included helping around two thousand men and women escape from Nazi prosecution.
On January 8, 1943, Shevtsova was arrested as a wireless operator. The members of the Young Guard had been betrayed and all of them were arrested as well. The Gestapo tortured her to find out the transmission codes, apparently without success and shot her on February 9, at the age of 18 years.
On September 13, 1943, Shevtsova was declared a Hero of the Soviet Union.