Lyudmila Rudenko circa 1928
|Full name||Lyudmila Vladimirovna Rudenko|
|Born||27 July 1904|
Lubny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine)
|Died||4 March 1986 (aged 81)|
Leningrad, Soviet Union
|Title||International Master (1950)|
Woman Grandmaster (1976)
|Women's World Champion||1950–53|
Lyudmila Vladimirovna Rudenko (Russian: Людми́ла Влади́мировна Руде́нко, Ukrainian: Людмила Володимирівна Руденко; 27 July 1904 – 4 March 1986) was a Soviet chess player and the second women's world chess champion, from 1950 until 1953.
She was awarded the FIDE titles of International Master (IM) and Woman International Master (WIM) in 1950, and Woman Grandmaster (WGM) in 1976. She was the first woman awarded the International Master title. Rudenko was also USSR women's champion in 1952.
Early life and swimming career
Rudenko was born in 1904 in Lubny, in the Poltava region of what is now Ukraine. At age 10, Rudenko was taught how to play chess by her father—although, at first, she was more interested in swimming. After secondary school, she moved to Odessa and took a degree in economics. Rudenko became the swimming champion of Odessa in the 400-metre (1,300 ft) breaststroke. In 1925, she was swimming vice-champion of Ukraine (breaststroke). She started a career as an economic planner for the Soviet Union, and chess became a hobby.
Rudenko began playing tournament chess in 1925 after a move to Moscow. In 1928, she won the Moscow women's championship. She then moved to Leningrad, where she met and married scientist Lev Davidovich Goldstein; in 1931 they had a son. In Leningrad in 1929 she began training with chess master Peter Romanovsky. She won the Leningrad women's championship three times.
Women's World Champion Vera Menchik died in 1944 during an air raid. After the war, in the winter of 1949–1950, the World Chess Federation FIDE held a tournament in Moscow to determine the new women's champion. Sixteen women from twelve countries competed, with the four Soviet players taking the top four spots.
- Graham, John (1987). Women in Chess, Players of the Modern Age. McFarland & Company.
- "Five things you didn't know about the inspirational Soviet chess supremo". The Independent. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- "Google Doodle Celebrates Chess Grandmaster Lyudmila Rudenko's on What Would Have Been Her 114th Birthday". Time. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- "Chess Master Lyudmila Rudenko's Greatest Accomplishment Had Nothing to Do With Chess". Inverse. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
- "Lyudmila Rudenko (1904-1996)". World Chess Hall of Fame. 2015.
- "Google Doodle Celebrates Chess Grandmaster Lyudmila Rudenko's on What Would Have Been Her 114th Birthday". Retrieved 27 July 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lyudmila Rudenko.|
- "Chess Goddesses. Ludmilla Vladmirovna Rudenko". Goddesschess. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011.
- E. Bishard about L. Rudenko. e3e5.com.
- Lyudmila Rudenko player profile and games at Chessgames.com
Vera Menchik, then vacant
(no champion from 1944–50)
| Women's World Chess Champion