Lyudmila Ulitskaya

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Lyudmila Ulitskaya
Lyudmila Ulitskaya 4.jpg
Born (1943-02-21) February 21, 1943 (age 78)
Davlekanovo, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Alma materMoscow State University
GenreFiction, script writing
Literary movementAestheticism
Notable worksSonechka
The Funeral Party
Medea and Her Children
Daniel Stein, Interpreter
Website
elkost.com/authors/ulitskaya

Lyudmila Evgenyevna Ulitskaya (Russian: Людмила Евгеньевна Улицкая, born February 21, 1943) is an internationally acclaimed modern Russian novelist and short-story writer who, in 2014, was awarded the prestigious Austrian State Prize for European Literature for her oeuvre. In 2006 she published Daniel Stein, Interpreter (Даниэль Штайн, переводчик), a novel dealing with the Holocaust and the need for reconciliation between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Ulitskaya herself belongs to a group of people formed by the realities of the former Soviet Union, who see themselves racially and culturally as Jews, while having adopted Christianity as their religion.[1] She won the 2012 Park Kyong-ni Prize.

Biography[edit]

Ulitskaya was born in the town of Davlekanovo in Bashkiria but her family moved to Moscow when she was nine months old.[2] In Moscow, her family lived in communal apartments with many other families.[2] After childhood, she received a degree in genetics from the Moscow State University.[3] After university, she worked for two years at the Institute of General Genetics, before she was fired in 1970 for reading and distributing samizdat literature. After this, she didn't work for about nine years. In this time was married and then had two kids.[2] Then, Ulitskaya began her literary career by joining the Jewish drama theatre as a literary consultant in 1979.[2] She became the Repertory Director of the Hebrew Theatre of Moscow.[4] Her first published short fiction appeared in 1990.[5] The story of her acclaimed novel Sonechka was first published in Novy Mir in 1992.[6] In 1993, she published her first novel with Gallimard in France. Her first novel in Russian was published in 1994.[2] Today, Ulitskaya divides her time between Moscow and Israel.[7]

Personal Life[edit]

Ulitskaya's parents were both involved in science; her mother was a biochemist and her father was an engineer.[2] She was engaged to an American man who died in a car accident before they were married.[2] Throughout her life, she has learned German, French, and English, but has said herself that she doesn't know any of them well.[2] Ulitskaya has two sons, one of whom graduated from Columbia University.[2] She has mentioned that she tends to work in Italy, at an apartment she owns, but she lives in Moscow.[2]

Fiction[edit]

Style[edit]

In her fiction, Ulitskaya seemingly describes and observes her characters at an equal distance from each one. Rather than going in for character development or delving into the tortured workings of her characters’ psyches otherwise perceived as the hallmark of Russian writing, Ulitskaya favors capsule descriptions, though she acknowledges that her characters are tortured. Generally speaking, she makes little use of dialogue. Masha Gessen, in her tribute article in The New Yorker in October 2014, finds that Ulitskaya's writing makes for compelling, addictive reading. Gessen reports that she was driven entirely by the desire to learn what happens next.[5]

Themes[edit]

Among her interlinked themes are: the need for religious and racial tolerance; the problem of the intelligentsia in Soviet culture; how women shape new gender roles in society; and everyday life as a literary subject.

Other activity[edit]

Lyudmila Ulitskaya on Bolotnaya Square in Moscow in February 2012

Ulitskaya authored two movie scripts produced in the early 1990s: The Liberty Sisters (Сестрички Либерти, 1990) and A Woman for All (Женщина для всех, 1991). She regularly publishes commentary on social issues and is actively involved in philanthropic projects increasing access to literature. In March 2014 Ulitskaya was among the key speakers at the Moscow Anti-War demonstration.

Reception[edit]

Ulitskaya's first novella, Sonechka (Сонечка, 1992), and her second, Medea and Her Children (Медея и ее дети, 1996) became extremely popular, and both were shortlisted for the Russian Booker Award, in 1993 and 1997, respectively. She finally won the Russian Booker prize in 2001 for The Kukotsky Enigma (Казус Кукоцкого, 2001),[6] and was the first woman to receive the prize.[8] Her novel Daniel Stein, Interpreter (Даниэль Штайн, переводчик, 2006) was nominated for the Man Booker Prize. Her works have been translated into over 25 languages, including English,[6] and have received several international and Russian literary awards. The English translation for The Big Green Tent (Зелёный шатёр, 2010) was long-listed for the Best Translated Book Award in Fiction in 2016.[9] She has an average reader rating of 4.07 on Goodreads.[10]

Political Involvement[edit]

Because Ulitskaya addresses both religion and politics in her work, she has moved to the forefront of the Russian political debate in recent decades. In 2011 and 2012, during the height of the anti-Putin protests in Russia, she became a board member for the League of Voters. She was also considered a traitor by the administration and was the subject of negative statements in state-owned outlets, such as Isvestia.[5] She is firmly anti-Putin; at a press conference for her book The Big Green Tent (Зелёный шатёр, 2010), she remarked that the country was becoming "Stalinized," something that gave her "a whiff of fear."[6]

However, she is very against the idea of Moscow being a cultural part of Europe,[2] unlike other anti-Putin dissidents such as Alexei Navalny.[11]

While Mikhail Khodorkovsky, a Russian billionaire jailed on fraud charges, was incarcerated, he and Ulitskaya wrote each other letters. Ulitskaya maintains that the charges against him were politically motivated and thus "absurd."[12] Their correspondence was published in a collection titled Mikhail Khodorkovsky: Articles, Dialogues, Interviews[13][12] along with contributions from other writers such as Boris Strugatsky and Boris Akunin.[13]

Awards[edit]

Lyudmila Ulitskaya as guest of honour at the 2009 16th International Book Festival, Millenáris, Budapest

Bibliography[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • Sonechka (Сонечка, 1995)[16]
  • Medea and Her Children (Медея и ее дети, 1996)[14][17]
  • The Funeral Party (Веселые похороны, 1997)[18][19]
  • The Kukotsky Enigma (Казус Кукоцкого, 2001)[20]
  • Women's Lies (Russian title: 'Through Line', Сквозная линия, 2003)[21]
  • Sincerely Yours, Shurik (Искренне Ваш Шурик, 2003)[22]
  • The People of Our Tsar (Люди нашего царя, Moscow, 2005)[23]
  • Daniel Stein, Interpreter (Даниэль Штайн, переводчик, Moscow, 2006)[24]
  • Imago / The Big Green Tent (зеленый шатер, 2010)[25][26]
  • Tomorrow There Will Be Happiness (А Завтра Будет Счастье, 2013)[27]
  • Yakov's Ladder (Лестница Якова, 2015)[15]

Collections[edit]

  • Poor Relatives (Бедные Родетвенники, 1993)[28]
  • Girls (Девочки, 2002)[29]
  • Childhood Forty-Nine (Детство Сорок Дебять, 2003)[30]
  • The Queen of Spades (Первые и последние; Literal translation: 'First and Last', 2004)[31][32]
  • The Story about Ignatius the Cat, Fedya the Chimney-Sweep, and the Lonely Mouse (История про Кота Игнасия, Трубочиста Федию и Одунокую Мышь, 2004)[33]
  • The Story about old Kulebyakin, Mila the Whining Horse, and her Colt Ravki (История о Старике Кулебякине, Плаксивой Кобыле Миле и жеребенке Равкине, 2004)[34]
  • The Story about Antwerpen the Sparrow, Mikheev the Cat, the Aloe Vasya and the centipede Marya Semyonovna with her family (История про Боробья Антверпена, Кота Михеева, столетника Васю и сороконожку Марью Семёновну с Семьёй, 2005)[35]
  • Discarded Relics (Свяшенный Мусор, 2012)[36]
  • The Body of the Soul (О Теле Души, 2019)[37]
  • Paper Theatre: Non-Prose (Бумажный театр: непроза, 2020)[38]

Short Stories[edit]

  • "The Fugitive" published in The New Yorker (2014)[39]

Plays and Screenplays[edit]

  • Russian Jam and Other Plays (Русское варенье и другое, Moscow, 2005)[40]
  • Just the Plague (English translation; 1988, 2020)[41]

Online text[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sasha Senderovich, Translations, book review in Tablet Magazine, 29 June 2011
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Arbeit an Europa" (in German). Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  3. ^ ReadRussia. "Ludmila Ulitskaya". Read Russia. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  4. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Ludmila Ulitskaya". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  5. ^ a b c Masha Gessen, The Weight of Words. One of Russia’s most famous writers confronts the state, in: The New Yorker, 6 October 2014
  6. ^ a b c d e "Vica Miller on Ludmila Ulitskaya - Asymptote". www.asymptotejournal.com. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  7. ^ Andrey Kurkov in: "Das kann ein bisschen mehr Anarchie mitbringen". Ukraine im Gespräch, part 4: Andrej Kurkow im Gespräch mit Katja Petrowskaja, Essay und Diskurs, Deutschlandfunk, 28 December 2014, German
  8. ^ "Liudmila Ulitskaia". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  9. ^ "The Big Green Tent | Ludmila Ulitskaya | Macmillan". US Macmillan. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  10. ^ "Lyudmila Ulitskaya". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  11. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (2021-08-25). "In First Interview From Jail, an Upbeat Navalny Discusses Prison Life". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  12. ^ a b "Lyudmila Ulitskaya: why I'm not afraid of Vladimir Putin". the Guardian. 2011-04-16. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  13. ^ a b "Russian Literary Stars Launch Khodorkovsky Book In Moscow". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  14. ^ a b "ELKOST International literary agency - Medea and her Children, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (1996)". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  15. ^ a b "ELKOST International literary agency - Yakov's Ladder, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2015)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  16. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Sonechka, a novella by Ludmila Ulitskaya (1995)". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  17. ^ Ulitskaya, Lyudmila (2002). Medea and her children. A. L. Tait. New York. ISBN 0-8052-4196-5. OCLC 49821380.
  18. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Funeral Party, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (1997)". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  19. ^ Ulitskaya, Lyudmila (2002). The funeral party. Cathy Porter, A. L. Tait (1st American paperback ed.). New York. ISBN 0-8052-1132-2. OCLC 57226755.
  20. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Kukotsky Case, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2001)". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  21. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Women's Lies, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2003)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  22. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Sincerely yours, Shurik, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2003)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  23. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - All Our Lord's Men, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2005)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  24. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Daniel Stein, Interpreter, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2006)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  25. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Under the Green Tent, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2010)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  26. ^ Ulitskaya, Lyudmila (2015). The big green tent. Mary Catherine Gannon (1st American ed.). New York. ISBN 978-0-374-16667-0. OCLC 869263715.
  27. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Tomorrow There Will Be Happiness, edited by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2013, NF)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  28. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Poor Relatives and The Queen of Spade, two collections of short stories by Ludmila Ulitskaya". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  29. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Girls, a novel by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2002)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  30. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Childhood Forty Nine, collected stories by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2003)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  31. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Poor Relatives and The Queen of Spade, two collections of short stories by Ludmila Ulitskaya". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  32. ^ Первые и последние: Рассказы.
  33. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Trilogy for children vol.1 by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2004)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  34. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Trilogy for children vol.2 by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2004)". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  35. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Trilogy for children vol.3 by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2005)". elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  36. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Discarded Relics, collected essays by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2012, NF)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  37. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Body of the Soul, collected stories by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2019)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  38. ^ "«Бумажный театр: непроза» — новая книга Людмилы Улицкой". Издательство AST (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  39. ^ Nast, Condé (2014-05-05). "The Fugitive". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  40. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Russian Marmalade, collected plays by Ludmila Ulitskaya (2005)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  41. ^ "ELKOST International literary agency - Just the Plague, a screenplay by Ludmila Ulitskaya (1988, 2020)". www.elkost.com. Retrieved 2021-08-26.

External links[edit]