Lyudmila Georgievna Zykina
June 10, 1929
|Died||July 1, 2009 (aged 80)|
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
She was born in Moscow and joined the Pyatnitsky Choir in 1947. Her surname is derived from the Russian word for "loud" ("зычный"). Beginning in 1960 she performed solo. She befriended Ekaterina Furtseva, the powerful Minister of Culture of the Soviet Union, and was reputed to be a favourite singer of Leonid Brezhnev. It is known she was a particular favourite of both Kim Il-song and his son Kim Jong-il, performing in Pyongyang six times at the invitation of the Kims. It was also reported that Kim Jong-il was so fond of Zykina that he invited her to Pyongyang in 2008 in hopes that her performance would help him recover from illness. Olga Voronets was considered Zykina's main rival.
Among Zykina's many honors were the Lenin Prize (1970) and Order of Lenin (1979) as well as the titles of People's Artist of the USSR (1973) and Hero of Socialist Labour (1987). According to Dmitri Shostakovich, Zykina was "more than a brilliant interpreter, she was a coauthor, co-creator of composers".
Honours and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour, with the Order of Lenin and the "Hammer and Sickle" medal (4 September 4, 1987) – for great contribution to the development of Soviet musical art.
- Order of St. Andrew (12 June 2004) – for outstanding contribution to the development of national culture and music.
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland:
- 1st class (10 June 2009) – for outstanding contribution to the development of national musical culture and long-term creative and social activities.
- 2nd class (10 June 1999) – for outstanding achievements in the field of culture and great contributions to the development of a national songwriting.
- 3rd class (25 March 1997) – for services to the state and the great personal contribution to the development of national musical art.
- Order of Lenin (8 June 1979)
- Order of the Badge of Honour (1967)
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" (1995)
- Medal "In Commemoration of the 850th Anniversary of Moscow" (1997)
- Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin" (1970)
- Medal "Veteran of Labour"
- People's Artist of the USSR
- People's Artist of the RSFSR
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR
- People's Artist of the Uzbek SSR
- Lenin Prize (1970)
- "Kim Jong-il's Favorite Russian Singer Dies", Chosun Ilbo (29 October 2009).
- "Народная песня Ольги Воронец. Пусть говорят. Выпуск от 14.01.2014" (in Russian). Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- "Famous Russian singer Zykina dies". BBC News. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
- ""Queen of Russian folk" Lyudmila Zykina dies". Moscow: Reuters. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
- Через три недели после 80-летнего юбилея скончалась народная артистка СССР певица Людмила Зыкина (in Russian). NEWSru.com. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- "Выпуск новостей в 12:00 сегодня, 27 ноября 2016 года. Новости. Первый канал". 1tv.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 27 November 2016.
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