The "M&M Boys" were the duo of New York Yankees baseball players Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris, who were teammates from 1960 to 1966.[a] They gained prominence during the 1961 season, when Maris and Mantle, batting third and cleanup (fourth) in the Yankee lineup respectively, both challenged Babe Ruth's 34-year-old single-season record of 60 home runs. The home run lead would change hands between the two teammates numerous times throughout the summer and fueled intense scrutiny of the players by the press. Maris eventually broke the record when he hit his 61st home run on the final day of the season, while Mantle hit 54 before he was forced to pull out of the lineup in September because of an abscessed hip.
Mickey Mantle joined the Yankees in 1951. Roger Maris joined the Yankees, becoming Mickey Mantle's teammate in 1960, when the Kansas City Athletics traded Maris with Kent Hadley and Joe DeMaestri in exchange for Marv Throneberry, Norm Siebern, Hank Bauer, and Don Larsen. Mantle played center field, while Maris played right field.
During the 1960 season, Mantle led the American League (AL) with 40 home runs, while Maris finished with 39. Maris led the AL with 112 runs batted in (RBI) and a .581 slugging percentage. He also had a .283 batting average, the highest of his career, and won a Gold Glove Award. Maris won the 1960 AL Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award with 72% of the vote, while Mantle finished runner-up in the vote, placing just behind Maris with 71%.
Near the beginning of the season, New York Yankees manager Ralph Houk decided to switch Mantle and Maris around in the batting order, having Maris bat third and Mantle cleanup instead of vice versa. This is cited as an advantage for Maris, as opposition pitchers were reluctant to pitch around him, as this would result in Mantle coming up to the plate to bat. As a result, pitchers gave Maris better pitches to hit for fear of walking him. At first, the batting order switch appeared to have little effect on Maris, who hit only one home run in April. However, he gained momentum in the home run race in May and June, slugging 11 and 15 home runs, respectively. On the other hand, Mantle started off the season strong, hitting 14 home runs by the end of May and 11 homers in June. At the end of June, it became clear that both M&M Boys were on pace to challenge Babe Ruth's 1927 single-season home run record. However, their chances of breaking Ruth's record were dealt a heavy blow on July 17, when Ford Frick, the Commissioner of Baseball, ruled that a player would have to hit more than 60 home runs in 154 games[b] in order to break Ruth's record. Frick, who was a good friend of Ruth and served as his ghostwriter, added that a "distinctive mark" would have to be added should the record be broken after 154 games.
With the pressure intensifying over the newfound need to break the record within the time limit, Maris passed Mantle on August 15 for the final time that year and led the home run race for the rest of the season. Maris then became the first player in history to join the 50 home run club by the end of August. At the start of September, the race for the single-season record was still extremely close, with Maris having hit 56 home runs to Mantle's 53. However, Mantle was forced to pull out of the race after succumbing to an abscess in his hip joint caused from an injection that was supposed to cure him of a flu. Though most fans supported Mantle and vociferously rooted against Maris, it was the latter player who was now left to break Ruth's record alone.
Maris had a total of 58 home runs when the Yankees' played their 154th game of the season against the Baltimore Orioles. He homered just once in the game, falling two short of setting a new and recognized single-season home run record. Ironically, Maris hit his 60th home run in fewer plate appearances (684) than Babe Ruth (689). This made Frick's ruling nonsensical, since games played "matter less" than the number of opportunities presented to a batter. On October 1, the final day of the season, only 23,154 people were in attendance at Yankee Stadium to see Maris hit his 61st home run of the season against Tracy Stallard of the Boston Red Sox. Frick's ruling back in July, coupled with the Yankees' reluctance to highlight the event, are cited as reasons for the surprisingly low attendance.
Sal Durante, the man who caught Maris' 61st home run ball, offered to return it to Maris. Maris politely declined and even encouraged Durante to sell the memorabilia in order to earn some money. Durante sold the ball for $5,000 to a restaurateur, who gave the ball to Maris. Maris donated the ball to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1973.
Mantle returned from injury later that season, thus enabling both M&M Boys to participate in the 1961 World Series. Though Maris and Mantle's batting averages throughout the series were a mere .105 and .167, the Yankees were able to defeat the Cincinnati Reds, 4 games to 1. At the end of the season, Maris won the AL MVP Award for the second consecutive year. The voting points and percentage of votes for the M&M Boys were exactly the same as in 1960, with Maris garnering 202 points to Mantle's 198 points.
Mantle was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1974 on his first ballot appearance. On the other hand, Maris never met the 75% threshold required for induction into the Hall and was eliminated from future BBWAA voting in 1988, his 15th and final time on the ballot, where he garnered 43.1% of the vote (the highest vote percentage he received). Nevertheless, the Yankees honored both Mantle and Maris by retiring their numbers and presenting them with plaques that hang in Monument Park.
In 1991, thirty years after Maris hit 61 home runs, commissioner Fay Vincent ruled that there be only one single-season home run record and that any notation beside Maris' record (denoting that he hit 61 home runs in a 162-game season) be eliminated. Maris died six years earlier in 1985. Thus, he never knew the record was his.
During their record-breaking season of 1961, the M&M Boys became the only teammates to join the 50 home run club in the same season, hitting a combined 115 home runs to break the single-season record for home runs by a pair of teammates. This record was previously held by Yankee sluggers Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig, who hit 60 and 47 home runs, respectively, in 1927. In addition, Mantle and Maris combined to record 269 RBI.
Relationship off the field
Contrary to popular belief, the M&M Boys were actually close friends and no hostility existed between the two of them. The two shared an apartment in Queens with fellow outfielder Bob Cerv during the 1961 season and when Mantle suffered an injury towards the end of the season, he openly rooted for Maris from his hospital bed in the latter's quest to break Ruth's single-season home run record. The stories of a feud developing between the M&M Boys during the 1961 season were inspired due to the media hype surrounding their quest to break Ruth's record.
Mantle and Maris engaged in a business partnership. The two endorsed Mantle–Maris wear, a line of clothing apparel for men and boys. They appeared in Safe at Home!, a movie released in April 1962.
The M&M Boys are viewed as one of the greatest offensive pair of teammates in the history of the game. Furthermore, the combined 115 home runs between the two during the 1961 season is considered a "bona fide untouchable" record. This is due to the fact that the likelihood of two teammates performing exceptionally well in a season is "surprisingly rare."
|Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Yankee team leader|
|American League record|
|#||Position in the lineup|
|RBI||Runs batted in|
|3||Roger Maris||Right fielder||161||590||159||61||141||.269||.372||.620|||
|4||Mickey Mantle||Center fielder||153||514||163||54||128||.317||.448||.687|||
The movie 61* was directed by avid Yankees fan Billy Crystal and released in 2001, the 40th anniversary of Maris' record-breaking season. It recounts both Mantle (portrayed by Thomas Jane) and Maris' (depicted by Barry Pepper) journey during the 1961 season in their quest to break Babe Ruth's single-season home run record of 60.
Kevin McReynolds and Carmelo Martínez, starting outfielders for the 1984 San Diego Padres, were dubbed the "M&M Boys" after the Yankees duo. The Padres that season reached the World Series for the first time in the franchise's history, with McReynolds sharing the team lead with 20 home runs and Martinez adding 66 RBIs.
The usage of the nickname has resurfaced and has been utilized by broadcasters, analysts, and the print media to refer to the Minnesota Twins 3 and 4 hitting tandem of Joe Mauer and Justin Morneau, who won the American League MVP Award in 2009 and 2006, respectively. Mauer's batting prowess (uncharacteristic of a catcher) earned him three batting championships (2006, 2008 and 2009) and four Silver Slugger Awards (2006, 2008, 2009 and 2010), while his stellar defense enabled him to win three consecutive Gold Glove Awards from 2008 to 2010. This has been complimented with the power of Morneau, which has earned him a spot at the 2008 Home Run Derby (which he subsequently won) and runner-up in the 2008 American League MVP voting. The success of both Mauer and Morneau has begun to garner comparisons for the two teammates to the old Yankees tandem. However, Morneau has expressed some minor disdain for the term, feeling the comparison is being applied too soon.
- These years marked Maris' tenure with the New York Yankees. On the other hand, Mantle played his entire career with the Yankees.
- The 1927 season consisted of 154 games. With the addition of the Los Angeles Angels and the Washington Senators into the American League in 1961, the number of games in a season was expanded to 162 games in order to maintain a balanced schedule.
- "Roger Maris Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
- "Mickey Mantle Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
- "A Short History of the Single-Season Home Run Record". National Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
[Maris] and Mantle...broke the record for most single-season home runs by a pair of teammates.
- Singer, Tom (August 24, 2011). "Plenty of duos have look of M&M Boys". MLB.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "New York 500 Home Run Club Mickey Mantle – Yankees". ESPN New York. ESPN.com. June 2, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
- Acocella, Nick. "Maris battled Mantle, media and Babe's legacy". ESPN Classic. ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "As Trade Roger Maris To Yankees". Reading Eagle. AP. December 12, 1959. p. 10. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Most Valuable Player MVP Awards & Cy Young Awards Winners". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Baseball Awards Voting for 1961". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Marlin, John (August 1, 2004). Mickey Mantle. Twenty-First Century Books. pp. 81–82. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Vincent, David; Stark, Jayson (March 31, 2007). Home Run: The Definitive History of Baseball's Ultimate Weapon. Potomac Books, Inc. pp. 110–111. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Barra, Allen (July 27, 2011). "Roger Maris's Misunderstood Quest to Break the Home Run Record". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Schwartz, Larry. "Mantle was first in fans' hearts". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
Fans rooted against Roger Maris, and they urged Mantle on. But Maris broke the record with 61, while injury and illness halted Mantle's pursuit. He had to settle for 54, a career best and the most ever for a switch-hitter.
- "61 Home Runs by Roger Maris". Baseball-Almanac.com. Baseball Almanac. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
Maris was hated, booed, cussed, and generally abused by the press and fans...
- Vecsey, George (August 20, 2011). "50 Years Later, Maris's 61-Homer Season Looks Even Better". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
[A] wave of sadness remains from 1961, when Maris realized the baseball establishment was rooting for Ruth to hold on to his record or for his friend Mickey Mantle to be the one to break it.
- "Decades later, Durante has rich memories of Maris – MLB – ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. February 11, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "1961 World Series (4–1): New York Yankees (109–53) over Cincinnati Reds (93–61)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "1974 Hall of Fame Voting". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "1988 Hall of Fame Voting". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Reiter, Ben (January 14, 2010). "Maris family hoping for Hall call". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "The Man Who Beat The Babe". Waycross Journal-Herald. July 24, 1984. p. 6. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- Vecsey, George (June 9, 1969). "61,157 Hearts Here Throb for Mantle as No. 7 Joins 3, 4 and 5 in Retirement". The New York Times. p. 61. Retrieved April 18, 2012. (subscription required)
- Chass, Murray (September 5, 1991). "Baseball; Maris's Feat Finally Recognized 30 Years After Hitting 61 Homers". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Durso, Joseph (December 15, 1985). "Roger Maris is Dead at 51, Set Record Home Runs". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Barkhorn, Eleanor (July 27, 2011). "Chasing Babe Ruth: 6 Myths About 1961's Home Run Race". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- The Miami News – Google News Archive Search
- "Mantle and Maris Bat Out a Movie". Los Angeles Times. April 29, 1962. Retrieved August 8, 2012. (subscription required)
- Sandomir, Richard (April 25, 2001). "TV Sports; When Mantle and Maris Chased Babe Ruth's Ghost". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- Chandler, Bob; Swank, Bill; Swank, William G. (2006). Bob Chandler's Tales from the San Diego Padres. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 91. ISBN 9781596700246. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Wulf, Steve (April 16, 1984). "The Beast Team In Baseball". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012.
- Naiman, Joe; Porter, David (2003). The San Diego Padres Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 86. ISBN 9781582610580. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Naiman, Porter 2003, pp.90, 92, 98.
- Lemire, Joe (May 18, 2009). "Mauer continues to display why Minnesota needs him long term". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Yearly League Leaders & Records for Batting Average". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Silver Slugger Award Winners – American League". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "American League Gold Glove Award Winners". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Hamilton sets record with 28 HRs in first round of Derby; Morneau wins it all". ESPN. ESPN Internet Ventures. Associated Press. July 15, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- "Baseball Awards Voting for 2008". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
- MPR: The Bleacher Bums: The reluctant "M"