Rafinha (footballer, born 1985)
Rafinha with Bayern Munich in 2016
|Full name||Márcio Rafael Ferreira de Souza|
|Date of birth||7 September 1985|
|Place of birth||Londrina, Paraná, Brazil|
|Height||1.71 m (5 ft 7 in)|
|Playing position||Right back|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 16:20, 4 March 2017 (UTC).
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 5 March 2014
Márcio Rafael Ferreira de Souza, commonly known as Rafinha [ʁɐˈfiɲa], (born 7 September 1985) is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a right back for Bayern Munich in the Bundesliga. His name translated from Portuguese literally means "Little Rafa". He is known as a skilled defender with good passing skills, quick pace, agility and a strong shot.
Brazil and Schalke
Rafinha began his football career at the age of seven, playing for Gremio Londrinense, a futsal team from his home town of Londrina, Paraná. By age 12, he had begun training with PSTC, a local football club, before signing for Londrina Esporte Clube in 2001 at the age of 16. At the end of his first year with Londrina, Rafinha was signed by Coritiba. This meant moving hundreds of kilometres from his home town, but allowed Rafinha to display his talents on the national stage.
At Coritiba, Rafinha eventually found his way into the Brazil under-20 national team, and played in the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship in the Netherlands. During the tournament, he scored two goals and played an integral part in Brazil's progress to the bronze medal. Rafinha's performance at the tournament alerted numerous European teams to his ability, with German club Schalke 04 ultimately signing the right-back from Coritiba for an estimated €5 million on a four-year contract.
On 4 August 2010, it was confirmed that Rafinha moved from Schalke to Italian side Genoa. The transfer had cost Genoa €8 million. He scored two goals in 34 appearances in his only Serie A season. After Genoa had failed to pay the transfer fee in time, however, Rafinha's former club Schalke sued Genoa through the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).
On 1 June 2011, Bayern Munich confirmed Rafinha's transfer from Genoa, as well as of his former Schalke teammate Manuel Neuer. Rafinha signed a three-year contract and reports say Bayern paid €5.75 million for him. He scored his first goal for Bayern against Villarreal, as a substitute in a 2–0 UEFA Champions League win on 14 September 2011. Entering as an 83rd-minute substitute on 20 October 2012 during an away match against Fortuna Düsseldorf, he scored his first Bundesliga goal for Bayern in a 5–0 win. He played a total of 13 Bundesliga games throughout the season, adding another goal on 13 April in a 4–0 win over 1. FC Nürnberg.
During the 2013–14 season, after fellow right back Philipp Lahm was moved to defensive midfield, Rafinha found more opportunities to play regularly. He made 46 appearances across all competitions, including the entire DFB-Pokal Final in which Bayern secured a second consecutive double after defeating Borussia Dortmund.
U-23 (2008 Olympics)
In the summer of 2008, Rafinha was involved in a dispute with his club about his participation for Brazil at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
Schalke 04 (to send Rafinha) along with Werder Bremen (Diego) and Barcelona (Lionel Messi) did not want to release their players for the Olympic games so that they could help them in their domestic and European competitions. The case was taken to FIFA, which ruled that all clubs should release their players aged under 23 for the Games.
Schalke, Werder Bremen and Barcelona, however, took their case to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) who eventually ruled in the clubs' favour, stating, "The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has upheld the appeals filed by FC Schalke 04, SV Werder Bremen and FC Barcelona against the decision issued on 30 July 2008 by the Single Judge of the FIFA's Players' Status Committee that consequently has been set aside in its entirety."
Schalke continued its bar on Rafinha from attending the Olympics. Despite his club's wishes, however, he ultimately did compete for the Brazil squad, which won bronze. On 24 September 2008, Schalke fined Rafinha a record amount of €700,000, as they argued his 35 days in Beijing for the Games were "in serious breach of contract".
Rafinha made his senior debut for Brazil on 26 March 2008 in a friendly match against Sweden. He then went through a six-year absence from the national team, having made his second and last appearance in a friendly against South Africa on 5 March 2014. In May 2014, he was named by Brazil head coach Luiz Felipe Scolari as a standby player for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
On 17 September 2015, Rafinha was called up by head coach Dunga for two qualifying fixtures for the 2018 World Cup, but five days later turned it down, while also denying claims of rejecting the call-up to represent his adopted homeland Germany.
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Other||Total|
|Latest update: 7 March 2017|
- Bayern Munich
- Bundesliga: 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16
- DFB-Pokal: 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16
- DFL-Supercup: 2012, 2016
- UEFA Champions League: 2012–13
- UEFA Super Cup: 2013
- FIFA Club World Cup: 2013
- "FIFA Club World Cup Morocco 2013: List of Players" (PDF). FIFA. 7 December 2013. p. 5. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Player Profile". FC Bayern Munich AG. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- "Brazilian defender inks three-year deal" (in German). FC Bayern Munich. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Player Profile". whoscored.com. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- "Fünfter Neuzugang auf Schalke: Fünf Mio Ablöse für Rafinha" [Fifth New Signing at Schalke: Five Million Transfer Fee for Rafinha] (in German). n-tv.de. 22 August 2005. Archived from the original on 31 August 2016.
- "Genoa refit continues with Rafinha". UEFA.com. 4 August 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
- "Rafinha makes Genoa switch". Schalke 04. 4 August 2010. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Genoa C.F.C. SpA bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 31 December 2011 (in Italian)
- "Rafinha bringt Schalke noch 4,4 Millionen Euro" (in German). kicker.de. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Genoa selling Rafinha to Bayern Munich today". tribalfootball.com. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
- "Villarreal bow to Bayern excellence". UEFA. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- "Müllers Doppelschlag beim bayerischen Fünferpack [Müller's brace in Bayern's five]". kicker. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- "FC Bayern demontiert schwachen Club [FC Bayern demolish the Swabian club]". kicker (in German). Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "Borussia Dortmund 0-2 Bayern Munich". Daily Mail. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Trio win Olympics appeal". skysports.com. 6 August 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
- "Rafinha". Soccerway. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Lucas Moura named on Brazil's seven-man World Cup standby list". Goal.com. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "Rafinha: I did not quit Brazil for Germany". Goal.com. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Rafinha" (in German). kicker.de. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
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