Mário de Miranda Quintana (July 30, 1906 – May 5, 1994) was a Brazilian writer and translator.
He became known as the poet of "simple things", and his style is marked by irony, profundity and technical perfection. The main themes of his poetry include death, the lost childhood and time. Quintana also worked as a journalist and translated into Portuguese innumerable books, such as Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf.
The son of Celso de Oliveira Quintana de Miranda and Virginia, Mário Quintana was born in Alegrete, where he received his early education. He moved to Porto Alegre in 1919 to study at the Military School, and there he published his first works. He started working for Editora Globo, while it was still a state-owned publishing house.
Considered the "poet of simple things" with a style marked by irony, depth, and technical perfection, he worked as a journalist for most of his life. He translated over one hundred and thirty books of world literature, including in Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust, Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway, and Words and Blood, by Giovanni Papini.
In 1940, he released his first book of poetry, The Windmills Street, beginning his career as a poet, writer and children's author. In 1953, Quintana worked at the newspaper Correio do Povo as a columnist of a subsection on culture, which was published every Saturday, and left the newspaper in 1977. In 1966, to commemorate his sixty years of age, he published "Poetics Anthology", with sixty poems, organized by Rubem Braga and Paulo Mendes Campos, and for this reason the poet was acclaimed by the Brazilian Academy of Letters by Meyer and Manuel Augusto Bandeira, who recited his own poem "Quintanares", in honor of his fellow gaucho. In the same year he won the Brazilian Union of Writer's Fernando Chinaglia Prize for best book of the year. In 1976, after turning seventy years old, Quintana was awarded from the state of Rio Grande do Sul government the Medal Negrinho do Pastoreio. In 1980, for his body of work, Quintana was awarded the Machado de Assis prize from the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Mario Quintana never married nor had children. Solitary, he lived most of his life in hotels: from 1968 to 1980 he resided at the Hotel Majestic, in the historic center of Porto Alegre, from where he was evicted when financial problems, due to the temporary closing of Correio do Povo, left him without pay. At the time, the sports commentator and former player of the Brazilian national soccer team Paulo Roberto Falcão gave him a room at the Hotel Royal, of his property. To a friend who found the room too small, Quintana said, "I live in myself. Never mind that the room is small. It's good, so I have fewer places to lose my stuff."
The poet tried three times for a chair at the Brazilian Academy of Letters, but in none of the occasions he was elected, falling short of twenty votes required to qualify. Even with the promise of unanimimous approval, the poet refused to apply a fourth time. He died in Porto Alegre, aged 87.
- A Rua dos Cataventos, 1940
- Canções, 1946
- Sapato Florido, 1948
- O Aprendiz de Feiticeiro, 1950
- Espelho Mágico, 1951
- Inéditos e Esparsos, 1953
- Poesias, 1962
- Caderno H, 1973
- Apontamentos de História Sobrenatural, 1976
- Quintanares, 1976
- A Vaca e o Hipogrifo, 1977
- Esconderijos do Tempo, 1980
- Baú de Espantos, 1986
- Preparativos de Viagem, 1987
- Da Preguiça como Método de Trabalho, 1987
- Porta Giratória, 1988
- A Cor do Invisível, 1989
- Velório Sem Defunto, 1990
- Água, 2001
- Susana Gonçalves, Markus A. Carpenter Diversity, Intercultural Encounters, and Education 2012 – Page 215 "Obviously, poetry and art are the privileged territories for this game of reversibilities where the ambient opens up, as the Brazilian poet Mário Quintana says, "poetry is not a flight from reality, but a flight to reality." Only this flight "to reality" ...