Mátyás Szűrös

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The native form of this personal name is Szűrös Mátyás. This article uses the Western name order.
Mátyás Szűrös
Szuros matyas.jpg
Provisional President of the Republic of Hungary
In office
October 23, 1989 – May 2, 1990
Preceded by Brunó Ferenc Straub
Chairman of the Presidential Council
Succeeded by Árpád Göncz
Personal details
Born (1933-09-11) September 11, 1933 (age 81)
Püspökladány, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian
Political party MSZMP (?-1989)
MSZP (1989-2002)
New Left Party (2002-2003)
SZDP (2003-present)
Spouse(s) Andrea Takács

Mátyás Szűrös ([ˈmaːcaːʃ ˈsyːrøʃ]; born September 11, 1933 in Püspökladány) is a Hungarian politician. He served as provisional President of the Republic from October 23, 1989 to May 2, 1990. His presidency occurred during Hungary's transition from Communism to democratic government.[1]

Szűrös served as Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary from March 1989 to May 1990. In the fall of 1989, as part of an agreement between the Communists and the opposition to establish multiparty democracy, the 1949 Constitution was almost completely rewritten to remove its Communist character. The Presidential Council was dissolved, and under the Constitution Szűrös became provisional president until the election. Soon after taking office on October 23, he made the official proclamation that Hungary had removed the "People's" from its official name and was now simply the Republic of Hungary.

He remained in parliament until 2002 as a member of the Hungarian Socialist Party, often voting against the party consensus. He quit the party in 2002, joined the newly established New Left Party and ran as their prime minister candidate at the parliamentary elections, but the party only got 0.1% of the popular votes. In 2003, he joined the Social Democratic Party and was later elected as the chairman of the party. He resigned his position in 2005.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
István Stadinger
Speaker of the National Assembly
1989–1990
Succeeded by
István Fodor
Preceded by
Brunó Ferenc Straub
Chairman of the Presidential Council
President of Hungary
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Árpád Göncz