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Santos pursued a career in the military, prior to serving as Minister for War from 1880 to 1882. He was a member of the Colorado Party (Uruguay).
President of Uruguay (1st term)
Succeeding acting President Flangini, Santos served as President of Uruguay from 1882 until 1886.
Creation of Flores Department
Among Santos's lasting acts as President was the creation of the Flores Department in the interior of the country, named after assassinated former President of Uruguay General Venancio Flores, who hailed from the territory incorporated as a department.
Other features of his rule
He also in a measure repaired relations with Paraguay.
However, his administration was also widely criticized for failure to root out corruption.
Santos was succeeded as president by Francisco Antonino Vidal in 1886.
President of Uruguay (second interim term)
Subsequently, after relinquishing presidential office in 1886, Santos returned to exercise presidential powers for a number of months in 1886.
Santos was succeeded as president by his Colorado Party colleague Máximo Tajes, with whom, however, he had poor relations. Tajes was still exercising his presidential office at Santos's death.
Later life; death in exile
Santos' magnificent residence in downtown Montevideo nowadays is the seat of the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Uruguay and is known as Palacio Santos. His country estate now houses the Museo de la Memoria, a state-owned museum dedicated to the victims of the Uruguayan dictatorship.
- Colorado Party (Uruguay)#Earlier History
- Politics of Uruguay
- Miguel Alberto Flangini Ximénez#Interim President of Uruguay
- Máximo Tajes#President of Uruguay
- Flores Department#History and cultural heritage
- "Biografia de Máximo Santos". Biografiasyvidas.com. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
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