|Alternative names||Memma (Swedish)|
|Place of origin||Finland|
|Main ingredients||Water, rye flour, powdered malted rye, (molasses), Seville orange zest, salt|
Mämmi is traditionally made of water, rye flour, and powdered malted rye, seasoned salt, and dried powdered Seville orange zest. The mixture is then allowed to go through a slow natural sweetening process before being baked in an oven until set with Maillard reaction. Preparation takes many hours, and after baking the mämmi is stored chilled for three to four days before being ready to eat. Instead of being allowed to sweeten naturally, traditionally, commercially made mämmi is usually seasoned with dark molasses. Traditional mämmi tastes aromatic sweet, having only up to 2% sugar, but commercially produced mämmi can have as much as 20% sugar and tastes different, not so aromatic sweet. Mämmi has up to 10% protein and is rich in trace elements. Mämmi was traditionally stored in small bowls made of birch bark called tuokkonen or rove. Finnish packaging still prints birch bark-like texture on the carton boxes.
Generally, mämmi is eaten cold with either milk or cream and sugar, and less commonly with vanilla sauce. In olden times[when?] it was also eaten by some spread on top of a slice of bread. There is a Finnish society for mämmi founded by Ahmed Ladarsi, the former chef at the Italian Embassy in Helsinki, who has developed around fifty recipes containing mämmi. There are a number of websites with recipes using mämmi, most of which are in Finnish. Mämmi is also used as a minor ingredient in a mämmi-beer by Laitilan Wirvoitusjuomatehdas.
Originally mämmi was eaten during Lent.[clarification needed] Its laxative properties were associated with purification and purging. As the dish keeps well for several days, it was also a convenient food for Good Friday, when cooking was against religious custom.
Nowadays Finns[who?] seldom make mämmi at home and most modern mämmi is mass-produced, traditional versions of mämmi are sold in Finland with the labels perinteinen (traditional) or luomu (organic). Some Finnish origin immigrants[who?] in North-America and Australia still make mämmi at home.
- Nordic Recipe Archive "Mämmi "
- The Finnish Mämmi Association "Suomen Mämmiseura ry"
- Helsinki Sanomat, 16.3.2005 "Mämmi Maestro. Ahmed Ladarsi is an expert on a Finnish delicacy" Archived 2011-08-11 at the Wayback Machine
- Suomen Mämmiseura ry "Mämmi Recipes"
- www.imaginer.fi, Imaginer Oy -. "Tervetuloa - Laitilan Wirvoitusjuomatehdas". laitilan.com. Archived from the original on 2016-06-01. Retrieved 2016-05-03. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- The Martha organization "History of Mämmi " Archived 2014-11-26 at the Wayback Machine, "Homepage"
- Nordic Recipe Archive "Origin"
- "LKML: Linus Torvalds: Linux v5.1-rc6". lkml.org. Retrieved 2019-04-21.
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