Méditerranée

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Département de la Méditerranée
department of the First French Empire
1808–1814
Flag of Méditerranée
Flag
Coat of arms of Méditerranée
Coat of arms
Departements of French Empire South 1811-fr.svg
Administrative map of the Italian portion of the French Empire.
CapitalLivorno
Area
 • Coordinates43°33′N 10°19′E / 43.550°N 10.317°E / 43.550; 10.317Coordinates: 43°33′N 10°19′E / 43.550°N 10.317°E / 43.550; 10.317
 
• 1812[1]
4,910 km2 (1,900 sq mi)
Population 
• 1812[1]
318725
History 
• Annexation from the Kingdom of Etruria
25 May 1808
1814
Political subdivisions4 Arrondissements [1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Etruria
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Elba

Méditerranée [me.di.tɛ.ʁa.ne] was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the Mediterranean Sea. It was formed in 1808, when the Kingdom of Etruria (formerly the Grand Duchy of Tuscany) was annexed directly to France. Its capital was Livorno.

The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany was restored to its previous Habsburg-Lorraine prince, Ferdinand III. Its territory is now divided between the Italian provinces of Livorno, Pisa, Florence and Siena.

Subdivisions[edit]

The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

Its population in 1812 was 318,725, and its area was 491,000 hectares.[1]

Elba was, from 1808 to 1811 a separate entity, ruled by a Commissaire général.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 433-434, accessed in Gallica 25 July 2013 (in French)
  2. ^ "L'ALMANACH IMPÉRIAL POUR L'ANNÉE 1810, CHAPITRE X, Sect. II, Eure et Loire - Jura". Retrieved 2010-09-28.