The Méline tariff was a French protectionist measure introduced in 1892. It is noted as being the most important piece of economic legislation of the Third Republic and marked a return to earlier protectionist policies effectively ending the period of free trade associated with the 1860 Cobden–Chevalier Treaty. The tariff has been seen to be the result of efforts by some in the business community to help combat a perceived external economic threat to the domestic market.
It has been suggested that politically the tariff was a reflection of an emerging confluence of interests among the industrial bourgeoisie, big landowners and peasant farmers. It is named after Jules Méline, the 65th Prime Minister of France.
- Golob, Eugene. (1944) The Meline tariff: French Agriculture and Nationalist Economic Policy. New York: Columbia University Press.
- Smith, Michael S. (1992) The Méline Tariff as Social Protection: Rhetoric or Reality? International Review of Social History, August, 37 : pp 230-243
- Lebovics,Herman (1986) Protection against Labor Troubles: The Campaign of the Association de l'industrie franchise for Economic Stability and Social Peace during the Great Depression, 1880-1896", International Review of Social History 31 , 2, pp. 147-165.