Métis Nation of Alberta

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The Métis Nation of Alberta was formed in 1932 as the Métis Association of Alberta. Its primary goal was to be a political body to lobby the government on behalf of the Métis people. Its primary founding members were Felice Callihoo, Joseph Dion, James P. Brady, Malcolm Norris, Peter Tompkins. Currently the MNA has 6 regional boards. They have branches that deal with unemployment, children services, land agreements and the rights of Métis people as Aboriginal peoples in Canada.

The organization's President is Audrey Poitras since 1996. Alberta has the largest population of Métis of any province.

Métis settlements[edit]

Main article: Métis in Alberta

The Métis of Alberta are the only Métis in Canada to have a legislated land base. There are eight Metis Settlements covering an area of 1,400,000 acres (5,700 km2). The land was granted by Letters Patent in 1990 and is held collectively in fee simple through the Metis Settlements General Council.

The eight Settlements are:

Métis Settlements of Alberta
Name Municipal district[1][2] Population
(per km2)[3]
Buffalo Lake Smoky Lake County 492 248 98.4 336.97 1.5
East Prairie Big LakesBig Lakes County 366 352 4.0 333.87 1.1
Elizabeth BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 654 663 −1.4 250.21 2.6
Fishing Lake BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 436 484 −9.9 355.74 1.2
Gift Lake[a] Big LakesBig Lakes County
Northern Sunrise County
662 820 −19.3 812.45 0.8
Kikino[b] Smoky Lake County
Lac La Biche County
964 398 142.2 444.27 2.2
Paddle Prairie Northern LightsCounty of Northern Lights 562 216 160.2 1,716.72 0.3
Peavine Big LakesBig Lakes County 690 822 −16.1 817.13 0.8
Total Metis settlements 4,826 4,003 20.6 5,067.36 3.7


  1. ^ Gift Lake comprises two parts. The majority is located within Big Lakes County, while the balance is located within Northern Sunrise County. The Big Lakes County portion had a population of 662 living on 811.30 km2 (313.24 sq mi) in 2011, while the Northern Sunrise County portion had a population of 0 living on 1.15 km2 (0.44 sq mi).[4]
  2. ^ Kikino comprises two parts. The majority is located within Smoky Lake County, while the balance is located within Lac La Biche County. The Smoky Lake County portion had a population of 959 living on 442.92 km2 (171.01 sq mi) in 2011, while the Lac La Biche County portion had a population of 5 living on 1.35 km2 (0.52 sq mi).[5]


Further reading[edit]

  • Barkwell, Lawrence J., Leah Dorion, and Audreen Hourie. Métis legacy Michif culture, heritage, and folkways. Métis legacy series, v. 2. Saskatoon: Gabriel Dumont Institute, 2006. ISBN 0-920915-80-9
  • Barkwell, Lawrence J., Leah Dorion and Darren Prefontaine. "Metis Legacy: A Historiography and Annotated Bibliography". Winnipeg: Pemmican Publications Inc. and Saskatoon: Gabriel Dumont Institute, 2001. ISBN 1-894717-03-1
  • Bell, Catherine Edith. Alberta's Metis Settlements Legislation An Overview of Ownership and Management of Settlements Lands. Regina, Sask., Canada: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, 1994. ISBN 0-88977-081-6
  • Driben, Paul. We Are Metis The Ethnography of a Halfbreed Community in Northern Alberta. Immigrant communities & ethnic minorities in the United States & Canada, 2. New York: AMS Press, 1985. ISBN 0-404-19406-0
  • Gordon, Naomi, and Maria King. Voices of Courage Alberta Métis Veterans Remembered. 2006. ISBN 0-9736895-2-8
  • Pocklington, T. C. The Government and Politics of the Alberta Metis Settlements. Regina, Sask., Canada: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, 1991. ISBN 0-88977-060-3
  • Sawchuk, Joe. The Dynamics of Native Politics The Alberta Metis Experience. Purich's Aboriginal issues series. Saskatoon: Purich Pub, 1998. ISBN 1-895830-09-5

External links[edit]