Métis Nation of Alberta

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The Métis Nation of Alberta Association (MNAA) was formed in 1932 as the Métis Association of Alberta. Its primary goal was to be a political body to lobby the government on behalf of the Métis people. Its primary founding members were Felice Callihoo, Joseph Dion, James P. Brady, Malcolm Norris, Peter Tompkins. Currently the MNA has 6 regional boards. They have branches that deal with unemployment, children services, land agreements and the rights of Métis people as Aboriginal peoples in Canada.

The lobby organization's President is Audrey Poitras since 1996. Alberta has the largest population of declared Métis of any province.

Métis Settlements General Council[edit]

Main article: Métis in Alberta

The Métis of Alberta are the only Métis in Canada to have a negotiated and legislated land base. There are eight Metis Settlements covering an area of 1,400,000 acres (5,700 km2). The land was granted by Letters Patent in 1990 and is held collectively in fee simple through the Metis Settlements General Council, the only governing political assembly of the Metis Territories.

The eight Settlements are:

Métis Settlements of Alberta
Name Municipal district[1][2] Population
(per km2)[3]
Buffalo Lake Smoky Lake County 712 492 +44.7% 336.97 2.1/km2
East Prairie Big Lakes County 304 366 −16.9% 334.44 0.9/km2
Elizabeth BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 653 654 −0.2% 252.44 2.6/km2
Fishing Lake BonnyvilleMD of Bonnyville No. 87 446 436 +2.3% 355.51 1.3/km2
Gift Lake[a] Big Lakes County
Northern Sunrise County
658 662 −0.6% 812.73 0.8/km2
Kikino[b] Smoky Lake County
Lac La Biche County
934 964 −3.1% 443.57 2.1/km2
Paddle Prairie Northern LightsCounty of Northern Lights 544 562 −3.2% 1,738.82 0.3/km2
Peavine Big Lakes County 607 690 −12.0% 816.38 0.7/km2
Total Metis settlements 4,858 4,826 +0.7% 5,090.86 1.0/km2


  1. ^ Gift Lake comprises two parts. The majority is located within Big Lakes County, while the balance is located within Northern Sunrise County. The Big Lakes County portion (part "A") had a population of 658 living on 811.68 km2 (313.39 sq mi) in 2016, while the Northern Sunrise County portion (part "B") had a population of 0 living on 1.05 km2 (0.41 sq mi).[3]
  2. ^ Kikino comprises two parts. The majority is located within Smoky Lake County, while the balance is located within Lac La Biche County. The Smoky Lake County portion (part "A") had a population of 934 living on 442.27 km2 (170.76 sq mi) in 2016, while the Lac La Biche County portion (part "B") had a population of 0 living on 1.30 km2 (0.50 sq mi).[3]


Further reading[edit]

  • Barkwell, Lawrence J., Leah Dorion, and Audreen Hourie. Métis legacy Michif culture, heritage, and folkways. Métis legacy series, v. 2. Saskatoon: Gabriel Dumont Institute, 2006. ISBN 0-920915-80-9
  • Barkwell, Lawrence J., Leah Dorion and Darren Prefontaine. "Metis Legacy: A Historiography and Annotated Bibliography". Winnipeg: Pemmican Publications Inc. and Saskatoon: Gabriel Dumont Institute, 2001. ISBN 1-894717-03-1
  • Bell, Catherine Edith. Alberta's Metis Settlements Legislation An Overview of Ownership and Management of Settlements Lands. Regina, Sask., Canada: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, 1994. ISBN 0-88977-081-6
  • Driben, Paul. We Are Metis The Ethnography of a Halfbreed Community in Northern Alberta. Immigrant communities & ethnic minorities in the United States & Canada, 2. New York: AMS Press, 1985. ISBN 0-404-19406-0
  • Gordon, Naomi, and Maria King. Voices of Courage Alberta Métis Veterans Remembered. 2006. ISBN 0-9736895-2-8
  • Pocklington, T. C. The Government and Politics of the Alberta Metis Settlements. Regina, Sask., Canada: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, 1991. ISBN 0-88977-060-3
  • Sawchuk, Joe. The Dynamics of Native Politics The Alberta Metis Experience. Purich's Aboriginal issues series. Saskatoon: Purich Pub, 1998. ISBN 1-895830-09-5

External links[edit]