Métis flag

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The Métis flag was first used by Métis resistance fighters in Canada before the 1816 Battle of Seven Oaks, having been received as a gift from Alexander MacDonell of Greenfield of the North West Company in 1814, and has been used to represent the political and military force of the Métis from as early as 1816.[1][2]

The flag shows a white infinity symbol on a field of either blue or red. The infinity symbol has two meanings: it represents the faith that the Métis culture shall live on forever, and the mixing of the European immigrants (primarily French) and the First Nations peoples. As such, it can also be perceived as two conjoined circles, standing for the unity of two cultures.[2][3]

The flag can still be viewed in traditional Métis territories in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, and extended into Northern Ontario. The blue background flag has been accepted by the Métis National Council as the official flag of the Métis Nation.[2] The red flag now stands as the provincial ensign for the Métis Nation of Alberta.


  1. ^ "Symbols and Traditions". Métis Nation of Ontario. Archived from the original on 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
  2. ^ a b c "History of the Metis Flag | Manitoba Metis Federation Inc". www.mmf.mb.ca. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  3. ^ "The Métis flag". Gabriel Dumont Institute(Métis Culture & Heritage Resource Centre). Archived from the original on 2013-07-24.