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Church of the Assumption, Móstoles' oldest building
|Region||Community of Madrid|
|Comarca||Madrid metropolitan area|
|• Mayor||David Lucas (PSOE)|
|• Total||45.36 km2 (17.51 sq mi)|
|Elevation||620 m (2,030 ft)|
|• Density||4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Mostoleños, Mostolenses, Mostoleros|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||28930 - 28939|
Móstoles (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmos.to.les]) is the second-largest city in population belonging to the autonomous community of Madrid. It is located 18 kilometres southwest from central Madrid. Móstoles was for a long time only a small village, but expanded rapidly in the twentieth century.
Area and population
Mostoles has about 206,015 residents, Mostoles is located in the Community of Madrid, near the city of Madrid. After Madrid itself, it is the municipality with most residents of the Community of Madrid.
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Móstoles became famous on May 2, 1808, when, although it was only a small village, one of its two mayors, Andrés Torrejón, declared war on France. This followed the Dos de Mayo Uprising the same day in Madrid which started the Peninsular War. The Monument to the Mayor (1908), located in Pradillo Square, was erected to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the historic events.
A resident of Móstoles, Manuela Malasaña, became a popular heroine of the uprising; a subway station and secondary school in Móstoles and a neighbourhood in Madrid are named after her.
Two of the most important monuments in Móstoles are churches; The medieval church of La Asunción has mudejar features. Its tower provides a home for storks. The Baroque hermitage of La Virgen de los Santos dates from the 17th century.
There is a monument which was erected to mark the one hundredth anniversary of the uprising.
Museums and galleries
Móstoles is the home of the Community of Madrid's modern art gallery, the Centro de Arte 2 de mayo. It was opened in 2008 to mark the two hundredth anniversary of the uprising after which is named.
There is also a local history museum.
Móstoles is connected to other suburbs and to central Madrid by:
- several major freeways (A-5 (Madrid-Badajoz-Lisbon), M-50) and toll highways (R-5).
- local and regional bus lines
- the Metrosur line (line 12, Madrid Metro)
- a commuter train line (line C-5, Cercanías Madrid) which has a terminus in Móstoles.
Walking and cycling
There is cycling infrastructure (aceras bici, "bike-sidewalks") within central Móstoles.
It is also possible to cycle into the nearby countryside. The railway line originally continued to Almorox, but the section beyond Móstoles was closed in the 1960s. Between Móstoles-El Soto railway station and Navalcarnero the track has been converted into a greenway (via verde) for cyclists and walkers. The route crosses the river Guadarrama. The via verde connects to a waymarked long distance walk to Guadalupe in Extremadura, a traditional route from Madrid to the Our Lady of Guadalupe pilgrimage site.
- Iker Casillas, professional goalkeeper, plays for F.C. Porto and formerly Real Madrid
- Ruben de la Red, footballer
- Alberto Lora, football
- Rafael Martínez, gymnast
- Christian Gàlvez Montero, actor and TV presenter
- Raul Arevalo, actor
- Rubén Belima, footballer
- "CA2M". Centro de Arte Dos de Mayo. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- "Móstoles pone en marcha proyecto de Rehabilitación de todas las Aceras Bici". La Vanguardia (in Spanish).
- Vía Verde del Guadarrama
- Guadarrama River Greenway
- Camino Real a Guadalupe. Etapa 2. Móstoles – Casarrubios del Monte.
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