|• Mayor||Hans Stefan Hintner|
|• Total||9.95 km2 (3.84 sq mi)|
|Elevation||246 m (807 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2014)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal codes||2340, 2342|
Mödling lies in Niederösterreich's industrial zone. The Mödlingbach, a brook which rises in the Wienerwald, flows through the town. Near Achau it joins with the Schwechat. Woodland occupies a large part of the municipality, part of the Föhrenberge ('Pine Mountains').
Located immediately south of Vienna, and within the boundaries of the district of Mödling, is one of the largest shopping centres in Europe: Shopping City Süd (SCS).
Grapes are grown on the slopes of the Wienerwald; the area is called Thermenregion, where one can find much Heurigen (the most recent year's wine).
Wiener Neudorf to the east, and Maria Enzersdorf to the north, merge directly into Mödling. South of Mödling is Gumpoldskirchen, separated by the Eichkogel with its very special flora. In the west a narrow street runs through Vorderbrühl, formally a village in its own rights, and leads to Hinterbrühl. This narrow valley is called Klausen, above it the remains of the Mödling castle, once belonging to the Babenberger, the then ruling family. On the other side of the Klausen is the Kalenderberg, with the castle of Liechtenstein on its far side. The beginning of the Klausen is marked by the large red-brick aqueduct of the Erste Wiener Hochquellenwasserleitung. The steep, rocky valley sides of the Naturpark Föhrenberge grow the typical Wienerwald-Schwarzföhren (the austriaca form of the European Black Pine, Pinus sylvestris).
The settlement dates back to the Neolithic era. Through the centuries, the name of the town evolved from Medilihha to Medelikch, Medling and, finally, Mödling. These names traces back to old Slavic meaning 'slowly running water'. Today there is a quaint old town with a pedestrian area. The town was the residence of a branch of the Babenberger family, as a result of which it received the nickname Babenbergerstadt ('Town of the Babenbergers').
Traces of the first settlements of the Hallstatt culture from the Neolithic era were found on the Kalenderberg. Roman coins and a Roman burial site have been found near today's railway station.
After Charlemagne's victory in 803 AD against the Avars, the area around Mödling was settled by settlers from Bavaria. About 500 Avar graves were found in the area of the "Goldenen Stiege" (very close to today's old city).
The first ancient document mentioning "MEDILIHHA ULTRA MONTEM COMMIGENIUM" is dated 8 September 903, when two bishops (of the then Roman Catholic church) exchanged lands. However, in 907 the settlement seems to have been destroyed again. After the battle on the "Lechfeld" settlement in the area of today's Mödling started again.
After this, for some time Mödling housed a relative of the then ruling House of Babenberg. Hence their castle's ruin. In 1177, Henry the Elder, son of Henry II Jasomirgott, became landlord in an area reaching from Liesing to Piesting and Bruck an der Leitha. You can read this in old documents kept in the nearby monastery of Heiligenkreuz. In Henry's days arts and culture dominated in the castle of Mödling; the famous minnesinger Walther von der Vogelweide stayed there more than once. The Spitalkirche and today's St. Othmar were built in the 15th century, the Karner (charnel house) in the 12th.
Even in these times, Mödling grew grapes; after Langenlois, it was the largest grape-growing community in Lower Austria.
Duke Albrecht II, in 1343 granted the rights of a "Market" to Mödling.
In 1529, the Ottomans devastated Mödling for the first time. In 1679, many citizens died of the Black Death. When the Ottomans came again in 1683, almost all the citizens of Mödling were killed. The second epidemic of the Black Death only brought death to 22 inhabitants, hence the survivors built the monument of the Holy Trinity (Dreifaltigkeits- or Pestsäule, Freiheitsplatz).
In the early 19th century, Ludwig van Beethoven often visited his favorite pub, the Three Ravens, in Mödling.
On 18 November 1875, Mödling was designated a "City".
From 1883 to 1932, Mödling was the starting point of the Mödling and Hinterbrühl Tram, Austria's first electric railway and world's first long-lasting tram with overhead lines. In 1938, after the Anschluss with Nazi Germany, Mödling was incorporated into the newly formed 24th District of Vienna. In 1954, it became once again a part of Lower Austria.
|Election||ÖVP ('Christian Democrat')||SPÖ ('Social Democrat')||Grüne ('Green')||WfM (Wir für Mödling, formerly Liste Pepi Wagner')||FPÖ (Nationalistic)||LIF ('Liberals')||M 2000 (Mödling 2000)||WIR (Wir für Mödling - Eva Maier)||BMK (Bürgerliste Michael Kanyka)|
Mödling functions as a traffic hub for its direct vicinity. Bus lines connect the town and Südbahn with the surrounding areas. The Südbahn connects Mödling to Vienna by communter trains.
The town lies close to several major motorways (A2, A23, S1).
Until the 1960s the town was connected to the tram system of Vienna though the line 360 was discontinued after the communter train system was introduced on the Südbahn. Historically Mödling was the site of the first electrified tram line, which had mainly touristical use.
In the old days, because of the rail-connection to the north/Vienna and to the south, several large industries had their plants here. Today most of the firms are SMEs. The larger ones have moved to Wiener Neudorf into the 'Industriezentrum Niederösterreich Süd'.
The Mödling area in the Vienna Forest contains many old castles (German: Burgen) and ruins. Castle Liechtenstein is the most famous and biggest castle. It was owned by the wealthy family who later founded the country of the same name. Burgruine Mödling also stands nearby and is one of the oldest ruins in the area. It dates back to the 11th century. In addition, Black Tower (Schwarzer Turm) looks out over downtown Mödling from the Calendar mountains. It was built over 200 years ago, but is still privately occupied to this day. Lastly, on the walk between Black Tower and Castle Liechtenstein, one will come across a 200-year-old amphitheatre nearly buried in the woods. It was built in the same time frame as the Black Tower and served as an important cultural centre for the local Mödling population.
Culture and sights
The well-preserved and revitalized Old City is protected by the Hague Convention. The town hall holds the registry office. Because of its lovely environment many couples choose to marry here. Schrannenplatz and Kaiserin-Elisabeth-Strasse were pedestrianised at the very early date of 1976, the first time a 'Bundesstraße' had been declared a pedestrian area.
Nearby is the Eichkogel Nature Reserve, with rare flora, like 'Knollen-Brandkraut' (Phlomis tuberosa) and others, on 'Halbtrockenrasen'. Among the rocks in the Klausen rare plants grow, like the 'Mödlinger Federnelke' (Dianthus plumarius subsp. neilreichii), which was discovered as late as the middle of the 19th century by the botanist August Neilreich, or the 'Deutsche Alant' (Inula germanica).
- St. Othmar church and charnel
- Ruins of the Mödling castle
- Husarentempel on the top of the 'Kleine Anninger'
- Schwarzer Turm
- Museum Mödling
- Essinger-Haus (where a famous painter used to live)
- Bühne Mayer
- Mödlinger Puppenkiste (MÖP)
- Theater im Bunker (in a former air-raid shelter in Vorderbrühl)
- Komödienspiele (summer plays in the Stadttheater)
- Elementary and secondary schools
- Bundesgymnasium und Bundesrealgymnasium Franz-Keim-Gasse
- Bundesgymnasium und wirtschaftskundliches Bundesrealgymnasium Untere Bachgasse
- Höhere Technische Bundeslehr- und Versuchsanstalt
- Vienna Business School Mödling, Handelsakademie der Wiener Kaufmannschaft
- Höhere Lehranstalt für Mode & Bekleidungstechnik oder Produktmanagement & Präsentation
- Beethoven Musikschule
- Chorschule der Sängerknaben vom Wienerwald
- Polytechnische Schule
- Veteranärmedizinisches Institut, which has importance beyond the area of Mödling
- Ludwig van Beethoven, composer, lived here in his later years
- Albert Drach, poet
- Robert Eder, local history, ornithologist
- Martin Gusinde, priest and ethnologist
- Paul Harather, director, producer, author
- Michael Jursa, teacher and researcher in Orientalism
- Alfred Maleta, politician, president of the Austrian Parliament ('House of Commons')
- Helmut Prodinger, mathematician
- (Blessed) Maria Restituta, nun and nurse
- Jan Romer, studied here
- Josef Schöffel, mayor, 'Retter des Wienerwaldes'
- Arnold Schönberg, composer, lived here
- Hermann Ullrich, composer and musical writer
- Anton Wildgans, poet
- Anton Webern, had a studio in Mödling
- Ralf Popescu, music producer
- Martin Bauer, Austrian motorcycle racer, 3-Time IDM Superbike Champion, also he raced in MotoGP and the Superbike World Championship.
Twin towns — Sister cities
- Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2014-01-01.
- Große Linksammlung und Download hilfreicher Programme
- "Puteaux - Qu'est-ce que le jumelage?". Mairie de Puteaux [Puteaux Official Website] (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-26. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mödling.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mödling.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Mödling.|
- (German) Official site of Mödling
- (German) Online map of Mödling
- (German) Online Scouts of Mödling
- (German) Mödling attractions
- (German) History
- (German) Statistics
- (German) Museum Mödling
- (German) Mödling and surrounding in old picture postcards
- (German) detto
- "Mödling". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.