Mösting (crater)

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Mosting crater 4108 h3.jpg
Coordinates0°42′S 5°54′W / 0.7°S 5.9°W / -0.7; -5.9Coordinates: 0°42′S 5°54′W / 0.7°S 5.9°W / -0.7; -5.9
Diameter26 km
Depth2.8 km
Colongitude6° at sunrise
EponymJohan S. von Mösting
Closeup of Mösting from Lunar Orbiter 3
Oblique view from Apollo 16, facing north.
The rayed crater Mösting C, from Lunar Orbiter 3

Mösting is a small lunar impact crater that is located in the southeastern fringes of the Mare Insularum. It was named after Danish benefactor Johan Sigismund von Mösting.[1] The ruined crater Sömmering lies to the northwest. To the southeast is the large crater-bay of Flammarion. Mösting has a terraced inner wall and a small central hill at the midpoint of the floor.

To the south-southeast lies the bowl-shaped Mösting A. This small feature formed the fundamental location in the selenographical coordinate system. It was defined as having the following coordinates:

Latitude: 3° 12' 43.2" South
Longitude: 5° 12' 39.6" West

Later the coordinate system became even more precisely defined using the Lunar Laser Ranging Experiment.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Mösting.

Mösting Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 3.2° S 5.2° W 13 km
B 2.7° S 7.4° W 7 km
C 1.8° S 8.0° W 4 km
D 0.3° S 5.1° W 7 km
E 0.3° N 4.6° W 44 km
K 0.7° S 7.4° W 3 km
L 0.6° S 3.4° W 3 km
M 1.3° S 4.3° W 31 km
U 3.2° S 6.6° W 18 km


  1. ^ "Mösting (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • "A Unified Lunar Control Network — The Near Side", Merton E. Davies, Tim R. Colvin, & Donald L. Mayer, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, 1987.
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  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.

External links[edit]