Mühlberg, Brandenburg

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Mühlberg
Church and town hall
Church and town hall
Coat of arms of Mühlberg
Coat of arms
Mühlberg is located in Germany
Mühlberg
Mühlberg
Location of Mühlberg within Elbe-Elster district
Mühlberg-Elbe in EE.png
Coordinates: 51°25′59″N 13°13′00″E / 51.43306°N 13.21667°E / 51.43306; 13.21667Coordinates: 51°25′59″N 13°13′00″E / 51.43306°N 13.21667°E / 51.43306; 13.21667
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Elbe-Elster
Government
 • Mayor Hannelore Brendel
Area
 • Total 88.55 km2 (34.19 sq mi)
Elevation 91 m (299 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,745
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04931
Dialling codes 035342
Vehicle registration EE
Website www.muehlberg-elbe.de

Mühlberg is a town in the Elbe-Elster district, in the southwesternmost part of Brandenburg, Germany. It is located on the right bank of the river Elbe, about halfway between Riesa to the south and Torgau to the northwest. It is about 60 km east of Leipzig. It is accessed by the Bundesstraße 182 (Riesa - Torgau - Wittenberg) on the left bank of the Elbe, connected with the town by a bridge, opened in 2008. Mühlberg consists of the Ortsteile Mühlberg, Altenau, Brottewitz, Fichtenberg, Koßdorf and Martinskirchen.

History[edit]

The earliest documentary mention of Mühlberg is in 1230. The town was founded on a sandy island where the River Elbe could be crossed under protection of a castle. There is archaeological evidence, in the form of burials, of Slavic settlement dating back to ca. 600 A.D. The forces of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor defeated the Schmalkaldic League at the Battle of Mühlberg near the castle on April 24, 1547. From 1939-1945 there existed a World War II prisoner-of-war camp (Stalag IV-B) near Mühlberg. About 300000 prisoners passed the camp and about 3000, most of them Soviet soldiers, died there. After World War II the camp was re-used by the Soviet secret service NKVD as NKVD Special Camp No. 1. About 6700 of the 22000 prisoners of the NKVD are buried in mass graves near the camp area. Today a memorial area remembers on the victims of both camp periods.

Demography[edit]

Mühlberg/Elbe: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 5,468—    
1890 5,854+0.46%
1910 5,895+0.03%
1925 6,244+0.38%
1933 6,288+0.09%
1939 6,700+1.06%
1946 8,862+4.08%
1950 8,660−0.57%
1964 6,836−1.68%
1971 6,973+0.28%
1981 6,433−0.80%
1985 6,349−0.33%
1989 6,193−0.62%
1990 6,076−1.89%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 5,956−1.97%
1992 5,916−0.67%
1993 5,838−1.32%
1994 5,736−1.75%
1995 5,662−1.29%
1996 5,586−1.34%
1997 5,499−1.56%
1998 5,435−1.16%
1999 5,307−2.36%
2000 5,185−2.30%
2001 5,067−2.28%
2002 4,957−2.17%
2003 4,857−2.02%
2004 4,768−1.83%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 4,698−1.47%
2006 4,581−2.49%
2007 4,485−2.10%
2008 4,437−1.07%
2009 4,334−2.32%
2010 4,244−2.08%
2011 4,128−2.73%
2012 4,051−1.87%
2013 3,969−2.02%
2014 3,892−1.94%
2015 3,856−0.92%
2016 3,813−1.12%
2017 3,745−1.78%

Sites of interest[edit]

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ "Museum Mühlberg 1547". www.luther2017.de. Retrieved 18 August 2018.

External links[edit]