Mühldorf

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Mühldorf a.Inn
The three churches of Mühldorf
The three churches of Mühldorf
Coat of arms of Mühldorf a.Inn
Coat of arms
Location of Mühldorf a.Inn within Mühldorf am Inn district
Mühldorf am Inn in MÜ.svg
Mühldorf a.Inn is located in Germany
Mühldorf a.Inn
Mühldorf a.Inn
Mühldorf a.Inn is located in Bavaria
Mühldorf a.Inn
Mühldorf a.Inn
Coordinates: 48°14′44″N 12°31′22″E / 48.24556°N 12.52278°E / 48.24556; 12.52278Coordinates: 48°14′44″N 12°31′22″E / 48.24556°N 12.52278°E / 48.24556; 12.52278
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberbayern
DistrictMühldorf am Inn
Subdivisions4 Stadtteile
Government
 • MayorMarianne Zollner (SPD)
Area
 • Total29.42 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
Elevation
384 m (1,260 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total20,123
 • Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
84453
Dialling codes08631
Vehicle registration
Websitewww.muehldorf.de

Mühldorf am Inn is a town in Bavaria, Germany, and the capital of the district Mühldorf on the river Inn. It is located at 48°14′30″N 12°31′30″E / 48.24167°N 12.52500°E / 48.24167; 12.52500, and had a population of about 17,808 in 2005.

History[edit]

During the Middle Ages, the town and castle were an alod of the Luchen family. On 28 October 1287, Rapoto Luchen announced that he had entered an agreement with Archbishop Rudolph of Salzburg to hand over the alod, become the archbishop's ministerialis, and thereafter run the lands as a fief of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg.[2]

On 28 September 1322, the decisive Battle of Mühldorf was fought here between Bavaria and Salzburg. Before the battle, the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg knighted several of the burghers of the town.[3]

In 1802, Mühldorf became part of Bavaria. [4]

During World War II, it was the site of the Mühldorf concentration camp complex. Several Allied air raids directed at the area were designed to target the rail links into Munich and disrupt the transportation of materiel from the "Innwerk" industrial park in Toging am Inn. Around 44 U.S. Air personnel are thought to have perished during the return flight following one of these raids. Civilian casualties are believed to be much higher due to many aircraft crews being unable to identify their primary objectives.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). September 2018.
  2. ^ Freed, p. 206
  3. ^ Freed, p. 223
  4. ^ Heinz Dopsch u.a.: Mühldorf a. Inn - Salzburg in Bayern: 935-1802-2002

Further reading[edit]

Freed, John B. Noble Bondsmen: Ministerial Marriages in the Archdiocese of Salzburg, 1100-1343. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995)