Münsingen, Germany

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Münsingen
Münsingen
Münsingen
Coat of arms of Münsingen
Coat of arms
Münsingen  is located in Germany
Münsingen
Münsingen
Coordinates: 48°24′46″N 09°29′43″E / 48.41278°N 9.49528°E / 48.41278; 9.49528Coordinates: 48°24′46″N 09°29′43″E / 48.41278°N 9.49528°E / 48.41278; 9.49528
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Tübingen
District Reutlingen
Government
 • Mayor Mike Münzing
Area
 • Total 116.05 km2 (44.81 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 13,997
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 72525
Dialling codes 07381, 07383, 07384
Vehicle registration RT
Website www.muensingen.de

Münsingen is a town in the district of Reutlingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 23 km southeast of Reutlingen, and 37 km west of Ulm.

History[edit]

The name Münsingen is assumed to be derived of an alemannic chief called Munigis, who founded a settlement on the present-day city boundaries. In 775 Münsingen is mentioned for the first time on a deed of gift of Lorsch Abbey. The church of Münsingen is first mentioned in 804. After the rule of the Franks the village went to the county of Württemberg-Urach, which sold it in 1263 to Ulrich I.

In 1339, Münsingen was granted Town privileges. Through the partition of Württemberg it came under the purview of Urach, until in 1482 the Treaty of Münsingen declared the re-unification of the County of Württemberg. On October 23, 1654 it became an administrative center of regional importance. From 1938 to 1973 Münsingen was capital of the district of Münsingen.

In 1895, the German Empire began the construction of a Proving ground. Later this became the Duke-Albrecht-Barracks. It was closed on March 31, 2004. The ground was transformed into a settlement.

Religions[edit]

The Münsinger Church was first mentioned in 804. The core city of Münsingen as well as the districts of Apfelstetten, Auingen, Böttingen, Buttenhausen, Dottingen, Hundersingen, Rietheim and Trailfingen are derived from the Evangelical Lutheran environment of Old Württembergs. The Reformation had been introduced here 1537. The district Magolsheim was on the border between Württemberg and Further Austria. By this characteristic the small town has two churches (Protestant and Catholic). The other districts Bichishausen, Gundelfingen and Bremelau are by their former belonging to Principality Fürstenberg and Further Austria marked as Roman Catholic.

The city was the seat of the church district Münsingen of the Evangelical- Lutheran Church in Württemberg until December 1, 2013. At this time the neighboring district of Bad Urach was merged with Münsingen to Church District Bad Urach-Münsingen.

Besides the two major denominations are also represented in Münsingen: The Apostolic Church, the Baptists, the United Methodist Church and Biblical faith community Münsingen.

In today's district Buttenhausen was a Jewish community. The number of Jewish families at the site was very high, and the incorporation into the population was good. Therefore, at the November 1938 pogrom the SA squad first arrested the mayor, who stubbornly resisted the desecration of the synagogue. Then the church was burnt down, and the remaining families were deported in the following period and therefore became victims of the Holocaust. At the former site At the Mühlsteige a stone recalls this event. In addition, a memorial was founded in 1961 in the center erected with the names of 45 murdered Jewish inhabitants. The Jewish Cemetery (Buttenhausen, which was used from 1787 to 1943, received a memorial stone.[2]

There is in Münsingen a mosque which belongs to the Turkish-Islamic community.[3] Die Gemeinde hat ca. 70 Mitglieder.[4]

Incorporations[edit]

Bichishausen im Großen Lautertal

Bichishausen Lauter valley

Dürrenstetten was in 1822 united with Gundelfingen. As part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg the following previously independent municipalities were amalgamated with Münsingen:

  • Born July 1, 1971: Auingen, Böttingen and Dottingen
  • January 1, 1974: Apfelstetten and Gundelfingen
  • Born April 1, 1974: Bremelau and Trailfingen
  • January 1, 1975: Bichishausen, Buttenhausen Hundersingen, Magolsheim and Rietheim


Münsingen (Württemberg)

View on Münsingen

Münsingen-beim-gr-haus3-2015

Half-timber house, City of Münsingen

Politics[edit]

Council[edit]

The council in Münsingen has after the last election 24 members (2009: 24). The local elections in Baden-Württemberg 2014 on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following official results. The turnout was 50.2% (2009: 52.7%). The council consists of the elected honorary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.

SPD 30.7% +1.2 7 seats ± 0
CDU 23.3% - 3.8 6 seats - 1
CDU 21.3% - 2.9 5 seats - 1
Liberal citizens 19.1% - 0.1 5 seats + 1
Greens 5.4% +5.4 1 seat + 1

Mayor[edit]

The Mayor is elected for a term of eight years. The term of office of Mike Muenzing ends on 27 November 2021.

  • Around 1510: Jakob Ilsenbrand
  • Ludwig Neuffer (his daughter Margaretha married Hans Hawysen)
  • 1587: Hans Hawysen
  • - N.N. -(we do not know)
  • 1900-1922: August Wörner
  • 1922-1945: Otto Werner
  • 1945-1949: Eugen Hahn
  • 1949-1971: Erwin Volz
  • 1971-1981: Heinz Kälberer
  • 1981-1997: Rolf Keller
  • 1997: Mike Münzing SPD

Arms[edit]

The blazon coat of arms reads: "In silver a reclining four-ended black deer rod."

Twinning[edit]

The following cities Münsingen maintains an official twinning.

Moreover, Münsingen maintains friendly relations with Münsingen BE in Switzerland.

Things[edit]

Münsingen is located on the Swabian Poet Route, which passes by many sights.

Music[edit]

The musical culture Münsingen is mainly borne by the local music clubs. With the trombone choirs in Münsingen, Auingen, Hundersingen-Buttenhausen and Dottingen, the Stadtkapelle Münsingen and the music clubs Böttingen, Magolsheim and Rietheim many clubs are active in the field of Brass Band. There are also several church choirs, as well as the secular singer Communities "Liederkranz Münsingen" Männergesangsverein Apfelstetten, Sängerbund Buttenhausen, Liederkranz Dottingen, Liedertafel Hundersingen, men's glee club Trailfingen and the chorus of EJW district Münsingen.

Buildings[edit]

Featured buildings in Münsingen are the historic Old Town Hall from 1550, and its successor, the New Town Hall in timbered house style, which was built in 1935-1937. The "old stock" as a historical site with more than 140 buildings for up to 5200 soldiers. Also worth seeing are the market fountain and the Martin Church, completed in 1495 by Peter of Koblenz.

In Buttenhausen district Castle Buttenhausen and also a Jewish Cemetery. In addition, several ruins exist in Lautertal, for example the Castle Hohenhundersingen.

Towers[edit]

In the peripheral area of the former military training area Münsingen are four Towers of Swabian Albverein (Swabian Alp Association), which are all freely accessible (key deposit).

  • The 42 m high 'Hursch Tower' 'is about 1.5 km southwest of Römerstein-Zainingen and was erected in 1981.[5]
  • The 20 m high 'Waldgreutturm' 'is 2 km southeast of Römerstein-Zainingen and was erected in 1981.[6]
  • The 30 m high 'Heroldstatt Tower' 'is about 2 km north-west of Heroldstatt - Ennabeuren and was erected in 1981.[7]
  • The 0 8 m high 'Sternberg Tower' 'is not far northeast of the Münsinger district Böttingen and was erected in 1900 originally as a windmill .[8]

Museums[edit]

Münsingen museums are the memorial site Matthias Erzberger in Buttenhausen, the Jewish Museum Buttenhausen, the local history museum in the Old Palace , the museum for former military training area in the "old camp" at Auingen. The museum Anton Geiselhart and the castle museum are located in Gundelfingen.

Regular events[edit]

  • On 1 May, regularly organized by Luftsportverein Münsingen, the international vintage and steam engines meeting takes place. Every year there are about 600 motorcycles, Lanz Bulldogs, steam engines, vintage aircraft and more.
  • Every summer takes place in the streets of the old town instead of the city festival, which - with musical entertainment - especially thrives on the commitment of numerous Münsingen clubs.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Established Businesses[edit]

The Uralan polymer processing is located in the industrial area West. In addition, the Walter AG and Volksbank Münsingen have a seat here.

Traffic[edit]

The Bundesstraße B 465 coming from Bad Urach comes through the town and runs to Ehingen and Biberach an der Riss. The national road 230 runs through the urban area in east-west direction and connects the region to the Federal Highway 8 in Merklingen. The Public transport is guaranteed by the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau (NALDO). The community is located in the comb 225. The Münsingen station, is located on the Reutlingen—Schelklingen Railway. On Sundays and holidays from early April to late October regional trains and special trains bring mainly hikers and sightseers to their destination. In addition, throughout the year goes from Monday to Friday, some regional trains direction Ulm or direction Gomadingen. Since early 2008 Münsingen is connected with a transition tariff also to the Donau-Iller-Nahverkehrsverbund (DING).

Media[edit]

The daily Alb-Bote , which is part of the Südwest Presse in Ulm reports daily on what is happening in and around Münsingen. Also, the Reutlinger General Anzeiger is represented in Münsingen.

Court[edit]

Münsingen has a District Court, which belongs to the District Court Tübingen and Higher Regional Court Stuttgart.

With the gymnasium Münsingen, the Gustav Mesmer - Realschule, the high school with Werkrealschule Schillerschule , the primary school primary school at Hardt in the district Auingen, primary school Dottingen, primary school Lautertalschule and the primary school Astrid Lindgren school all general education forms are represented in the town.

Besides, there are the Gustav-Heinemann-School (special school), the Erich Kaestner school, (Sprachheilschule), the Karl-Georg-Haldenwang -School for the mentally handicapped and the branch office of the physically disabled school Mössingen also four special schools.

The range is supplemented by the Vocational School Münsingen.

For the youngest inhabitants there are seven municipal, five Protestant and Roman Catholic kindergarten and two small nurseries.

Personality[edit]

Freemen[edit]

  • 1782, September 16, John Werner, † September 5, 1849 in Reutlingen, tax chamber president, Member of Parliament
  • 1841, December 27, Lehmann Bernheimer, † May 29, 1918 in Munich, businessman and philanthropist
  • 1855, June 18, Max Rosengart, † 19 May 1943 in Stockholm, Lawyer, honorary citizen of Heilbronn and longtime chairman of the German People's Party (1868)
  • 1869, January 11, Theodor Ehemann, † July 31, 1943 in Schwabisch Gmünd, Württembergian official
  • 1875, September 20,in Buttenhausen Matthias Erzberger, † August 26, 1921 in Bad Griesbach in the Black Forest, killed by the right Organization Consul murdered Centre Party politician and Finance Weimar Republic
  • 1876 January 4 (or 1879), Theodor Rothschild, † July 11, 1944 in Theresienstadt, educational reformer and longtime head of the Jewish orphanage in Esslingen am Neckar, victim of the Holocaust
  • 1883, May 22, Erwin Nestle, † November 21, 1972, theologian and philologist
  • 1890, January 25, Karl Adler, † 10 July 1973 in Leonia, German Jewish musicologist and professor
  • 1902, February 25, Max Kommerell, † July 25, 1944 in Marburg, literary scholar and poet
  • 1925, November 29, Rul Bückle, † June 12, 2005 in Stuttgart, aviation pioneer, fighter pilot and founder of Südflug International
  • 1929, February 28, Friedrich Mildenberger, † 24 March 2012. Erlangen, Evangelical Lutheran theologian and professor of theology
  • 1941, July 24, Paul Münch, university professor and historian
  • 1952, September 18, Heinz Seiffert, politician, former member of the Bundestag (CDU) since 2005 district chief executive of Alb-Donau-Kreis
  • 1975, March 8, Andreas Glück, Member of Parliament (FDP) and surgeon
  • 1978, June 29, Dirk Schrade, eventer and Olympic champion

International relations[edit]

Münsingen, Germany is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung in den Gemeinden Baden-Württembergs 2014 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen)" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ Gedenkstätten für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus. Eine Dokumentation, Bd.I, Bonn 1995, S. 63, ISBN 3-89331-208-0
  3. ^ [1] (Stand: 26. März 2015)
  4. ^ Herder, Sabine (2012-07-03). "Moschee besichtigen" (in German). Retrieved 2015-03-26. 
  5. ^ Schwäbischer Albverein - Hursch-Turm
  6. ^ Schwäbischer Albverein - Waldgreutturm
  7. ^ Schwäbischer Albverein - Heroldstatt-Turm
  8. ^ Swabian Albverein - Sternberg Tower

External links[edit]