Münsingen, Germany

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Münsingen
Münsingen
Münsingen
Coat of arms of Münsingen
Coat of arms
Location of Münsingen
Münsingen is located in Germany
Münsingen
Münsingen
Münsingen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Münsingen
Münsingen
Coordinates: 48°24′46″N 09°29′43″E / 48.41278°N 9.49528°E / 48.41278; 9.49528Coordinates: 48°24′46″N 09°29′43″E / 48.41278°N 9.49528°E / 48.41278; 9.49528
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionTübingen
DistrictReutlingen
Government
 • MayorMike Münzing
Area
 • Total116.05 km2 (44.81 sq mi)
Elevation
707 m (2,320 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total14,418
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72525
Dialling codes07381, 07383, 07384
Vehicle registrationRT
Websitewww.muensingen.de

Münsingen is a town in the district of Reutlingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 23 km southeast of Reutlingen, and 37 km west of Ulm.

History[edit]

The name Münsingen is assumed to be derived of an alemannic chief called Munigis, who founded a settlement on the present-day city boundaries. In 775 Münsingen is mentioned for the first time on a deed of gift of Lorsch Abbey. The church of Münsingen is first mentioned in 804. After the rule of the Franks the village went to the county of Württemberg-Urach, which sold it in 1263 to Ulrich I.

In 1339, Münsingen was granted Town privileges. Through the partition of Württemberg it came under the purview of Urach, until in 1482 the Treaty of Münsingen declared the re-unification of the County of Württemberg. On October 23, 1654 it became an administrative center of regional importance. From 1938 to 1973 Münsingen was capital of the district of Münsingen.

In 1895, the German Empire began the construction of a Proving ground. Later this became the Duke-Albrecht-Barracks. It was closed on March 31, 2004. The ground was transformed into a settlement.

Religions[edit]

A church building in Münsingen was first mentioned in 804. The Reformation was introduced in 1537 to Münsingen as well as to the surrounding villages of Apfelstetten, Auingen, Böttingen, Buttenhausen, Dottingen, Hundersingen, Rietheim and Trailfingen and the Lutheran Church Order, as everywhere in the Duchy of Württemberg, was introduced in 1559.

The villages of Bichishausen, Gundelfingen and Bremelau, now administratively part of Münsingen, used to be part of the Principality of Fürstenberg and Further Austria and are therefore predimoninatly Roman Catholic.

The village of Magolsheim was on the border between Württemberg and Further Austria and has two churches, one Protestant and one Catholic.

Münsingen was seat of the Church District of Münsingen of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Württemberg until 1 December 2013 when the neighboring district of Bad Urach was merged with Münsingen to form the Church District Bad Urach-Münsingen.

Also represented in Münsingen are the Apostolic Church, the Baptists, the United Methodist Church and the Biblical faith community Münsingen.

Al large Jewish community used to exist in the village of Buttenhausen. The Jews of Buttenhausen were fully integrated into the communal life. This became apparent when during the November 1938 pogrom, the SA squad first had to arrest the mayor of Buttenhausen, who had stubbornly resisted the desecration of the synagogue. Only then the synagogue was burnt down. The remaining Jewish families were deported in the following period and became victims of the Shoah. At the former site of the synagogue a memorial stone commemorates this event. Additionally, in 1961 a memorial was erected in the centre of Buttenhausen with the names of 45 murdered Jewish inhabitants. The Jewish cemetery, Buttenhausen, which was in use from 1787 to 1943, also received a memorial stone.[2]

In Münsingen there is a mosque which belongs to the Turkish-Islamic community.[3] The congregation consists of ca. 70 members.[4]

Incorporations[edit]

Bichishausen im Großen Lautertal

Bichishausen Lauter valley

Dürrenstetten was in 1822 united with Gundelfingen. As part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg the following previously independent municipalities were amalgamated with Münsingen:

  • July 1, 1971: Auingen, Böttingen and Dottingen
  • January 1, 1974: Apfelstetten and Gundelfingen
  • April 1, 1974: Bremelau and Trailfingen
  • January 1, 1975: Bichishausen, Buttenhausen Hundersingen, Magolsheim and Rietheim
Münsingen (Württemberg)

View on Münsingen

Münsingen

Half-timber house, City of Münsingen

Politics[edit]

Council[edit]

The council in Münsingen has after the last election 24 members (2009: 24). The local elections in Baden-Württemberg 2014 on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following official results. The turnout was 50.2% (2009: 52.7%). The council consists of the elected honorary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.

SPD 30,7 % + 1,2 % 7 seats ± 0
Free Voters Baden-Württemberg 23,3 % - 3,8 % 6 seats - 1
Christian Democratic Union (Germany) 21,3 % - 2,9 % 5 seats - 1
Free Democratic Party (FDP)/Liberal Citizens 19,1 % − 0,1 % 5 seats + 1
Alliance 90/The Greens 5,4 % + 5,4 % 1 seat + 1

Mayor[edit]

The Mayor is elected for a term of eight years. The term of office of Mike Muenzing ends on 27 November 2021.

  • Around 1510: Jakob Ilsenbrand
  • Ludwig Neuffer (his daughter Margaretha married Hans Hawysen)
  • 1587: Hans Hawysen
  • - N.N. -(we do not know)
  • 1900-1922: August Wörner
  • 1922-1945: Otto Werner
  • 1945-1949: Eugen Hahn
  • 1949-1971: Erwin Volz
  • 1971-1981: Heinz Kälberer
  • 1981-1997: Rolf Keller
  • since 1997: Mike Münzing SPD

Arms[edit]

The blazon coat of arms reads: "In silver a reclining four-ended black deer rod."

Twinning[edit]

The following cities Münsingen maintains an official twinning.

Moreover, Münsingen maintains friendly relations with Münsingen BE in Switzerland.

Things[edit]

Münsingen is located on the Swabian Poet Route, which passes by many sights.

Music[edit]

The musical culture Münsingen is mainly borne by the local music clubs. With the trombone choirs in Münsingen, Auingen, Hundersingen-Buttenhausen and Dottingen, the Stadtkapelle Münsingen and the music clubs Böttingen, Magolsheim and Rietheim many clubs are active in the field of Brass Band. There are also several church choirs, as well as the secular singer Communities "Liederkranz Münsingen" Männergesangsverein Apfelstetten, Sängerbund Buttenhausen, Liederkranz Dottingen, Liedertafel Hundersingen, men's glee club Trailfingen and the chorus of EJW district Münsingen.

Buildings[edit]

Featured buildings in Münsingen are the historic Old Town Hall from 1550, and its successor, the New Town Hall in timbered house style, which was built in 1935-1937. The "old stock" as a historical site with more than 140 buildings for up to 5200 soldiers. Also worth seeing are the market fountain and the Martin Church, completed in 1495 by Peter of Koblenz.

In Buttenhausen district Castle Buttenhausen and also a Jewish Cemetery. In addition, several ruins exist in Lautertal, for example the Castle Hohenhundersingen.

Towers[edit]

In the peripheral area of the former military training area Münsingen are four Towers of Swabian Albverein (Swabian Alp Association), which are all freely accessible (key deposit).

  • The 42 m high 'Hursch Tower' 'is about 1.5 km southwest of Römerstein-Zainingen and was erected in 1981.[5]
  • The 20 m high 'Waldgreutturm' 'is 2 km southeast of Römerstein-Zainingen and was erected in 1981.[6]
  • The 30 m high 'Heroldstatt Tower' 'is about 2 km north-west of Heroldstatt - Ennabeuren and was erected in 1981.[7]
  • The 0 8 m high 'Sternberg Tower' 'is not far northeast of the Münsinger district Böttingen and was erected in 1900 originally as a windmill .[8]

Museums[edit]

Münsingen museums are the memorial site Matthias Erzberger in Buttenhausen, the Jewish Museum Buttenhausen, the local history museum in the Old Palace , the museum for former military training area in the "old camp" at Auingen. The museum Anton Geiselhart and the castle museum are located in Gundelfingen.

Regular events[edit]

  • On 1 May, regularly organized by Luftsportverein Münsingen, the international vintage and steam engines meeting takes place. Every year there are about 600 motorcycles, Lanz Bulldogs, steam engines, vintage aircraft and more.
  • Every summer takes place in the streets of the old town instead of the city festival, which - with musical entertainment - especially thrives on the commitment of numerous Münsingen clubs.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Established Businesses[edit]

The Uralan polymer processing is located in the industrial area West. In addition, the Walter AG and Volksbank Münsingen have a seat here.

Traffic[edit]

The Bundesstraße B 465 coming from Bad Urach comes through the town and runs to Ehingen and Biberach an der Riss. The national road 230 runs through the urban area in east-west direction and connects the region to the Federal Highway 8 in Merklingen. The Public transport is guaranteed by the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau (NALDO). The community is located in the comb 225. The Münsingen station, is located on the Reutlingen–Schelklingen railway. On Sundays and holidays from early April to late October regional trains and special trains bring mainly hikers and sightseers to their destination. In addition, throughout the year goes from Monday to Friday, some regional trains direction Ulm or direction Gomadingen. Since early 2008 Münsingen is connected with a transition tariff also to the Donau-Iller-Nahverkehrsverbund (DING).

Media[edit]

The daily Alb-Bote , which is part of the Südwest Presse in Ulm reports daily on what is happening in and around Münsingen. Also, the Reutlinger General Anzeiger is represented in Münsingen.

Court[edit]

Münsingen has a District Court, which belongs to the District Court Tübingen and Higher Regional Court Stuttgart.

With the gymnasium Münsingen, the Gustav Mesmer - Realschule, the high school with Werkrealschule Schillerschule , the primary school primary school at Hardt in the district Auingen, primary school Dottingen, primary school Lautertalschule and the primary school Astrid Lindgren school all general education forms are represented in the town.

Besides, there are the Gustav-Heinemann-School (special school), the Erich Kaestner school, (Sprachheilschule), the Karl-Georg-Haldenwang -School for the mentally handicapped and the branch office of the physically disabled school Mössingen also four special schools.

The range is supplemented by the Vocational School Münsingen.

For the youngest inhabitants there are seven municipal, five Protestant and Roman Catholic kindergarten and two small nurseries.

Personality[edit]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

  • John Werner (1782-1849), tax chamber president, Member of Parliament
  • Lehmann Bernheimer, (1841-1918), businessman and philanthropist
  • Max Rosengart, (1855-1943), lawyer, honorary citizen of Heilbronn and longtime chairman of the German People's Party (1868)
  • Theodor Ehemann,(1868-1943), Württembergian official
  • Matthias Erzberger, (1875-1921), killed by the right Organization Consul murdered Centre Party politician and Finance minister of the Weimar Republic
  • Theodor Rothschild,(1876 or 1879-1944 in Theresienstadt), educational reformer and longtime head of the Jewish orphanage in Esslingen am Neckar, victim of the Holocaust
  • Erwin Nestle, (1883-1972), theologian and philologist
  • Karl Adler, (1890-1973), German Jewish musicologist and professor
  • Max Kommerell, (1902-1944), literary scholar and poet
  • Rul Bückle, (1925-2005), aviation pioneer, fighter pilot and founder of Südflug International
  • Friedrich Mildenberger, (1929-2012), Evangelical Lutheran theologian and professor of theology
  • Paul Münch, (born 1941), university professor and historian
  • Heinz Seiffert, (born 1952), politician, former member of the Bundestag (CDU) since 2005 district chief executive of Alb-Donau-Kreis
  • Andreas Glück, (born 1975), Member of Parliament (FDP) and surgeon
  • Dirk Schrade, (born 1978), eventer and Olympic champion

International relations[edit]

Münsingen, Germany is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Gedenkstätten für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus. Eine Dokumentation, Bd.I, Bonn 1995, S. 63, ISBN 3-89331-208-0
  3. ^ [1] (Stand: 26. März 2015)
  4. ^ Herder, Sabine (2012-07-03). "Moschee besichtigen" (in German). Retrieved 2015-03-26.
  5. ^ Schwäbischer Albverein - Hursch-Turm
  6. ^ Schwäbischer Albverein - Waldgreutturm
  7. ^ Schwäbischer Albverein - Heroldstatt-Turm
  8. ^ Swabian Albverein - Sternberg Tower

External links[edit]