Müstair

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Müstair
Former municipality of Switzerland
Müstair -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Müstair
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
46°37′N 10°27′E / 46.617°N 10.450°E / 46.617; 10.450Coordinates: 46°37′N 10°27′E / 46.617°N 10.450°E / 46.617; 10.450
Population 748 (December 2008)
- Density 10 /km2 (25 /sq mi)
Area 77.71 km2 (30.00 sq mi)
Elevation 1,273 m (4,177 ft)
Postal code 7537
SFOS number 3843
Surrounded by Fuldera, Prad am Stilfser Joch (IT-BZ), Santa Maria Val Müstair, Stilfs (IT-BZ), Tschierv, Taufers im Münstertal (IT-BZ), Valchava, Valdidentro (IT-SO)
Website
SFSO statistics
Müstair is located in Switzerland
Müstair
Müstair

Müstair is a village in the Val Müstair municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. In 2009 Müstair merged with Fuldera, Lü, Switzerland, Santa Maria Val Müstair, Tschierv and Valchava to form Val Müstair.[1]

The easternmost point of Switzerland, at Piz Chavalatsch, is located in the municipality.

The main tourist attraction in the area is the Benedictine Convent of Saint John.

History[edit]

Müstair is first mentioned in the early 9th Century as monasterium Tuberis.[2]

Geography[edit]

Müstair

Müstair has an area, as of 2006, of 77.7 km2 (30.0 sq mi). Of this area, 24.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 21.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (54.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3] The village is located in the Val Müstair sub-district (now Val Müstair municipality) of the Inn district. It is a long linear village and is the lowest and largest village in the Val Müstair. It is also the most eastern village in Switzerland. Until 1943 Müstair was known as Münster (GR).[1]

Demographics[edit]

Müstair has a population (as of 2008) of 748, of which 5.9% are foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -9.4%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Müstair is; 76 children or 10.2% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 71 teenagers or 9.5% are 10 to 14, and 40 teenagers or 5.4% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 66 people or 8.9% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 107 people or 14.4% are 30 to 39, 109 people or 14.6% are 40 to 49, and 100 people or 13.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 68 people or 9.1% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 76 people or 10.2% are 70 to 79, there are 28 people or 3.8% who are 80 to 89, and there are 4 people or 0.5% who are 90 to 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 57.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (21.7%), the SPS (12.7%) and the FDP (7%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Müstair about 69.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Müstair has an unemployment rate of 0.95%. As of 2005, there were 45 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 25 businesses involved in this sector. 121 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 14 businesses in this sector. 270 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 50 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1835 513
1850 475
1900 599
1950 776
2000 745

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (72.9%), with German being second most common (24.7%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.7%).[3] Most of the population speaks the Jauer dialect of Romansh. In 1880 about 87% spoke Romansh as a first language, in 1910 88% spoke Romansh and in 1941 it was 89%. In 1990 about 88% understood Romansh as a first or second language, and in 2000 it was 86%.

Languages in Müstair
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 123 17.40% 160 21.28% 184 24.70%
Romanish 574 81.19% 578 76.86% 543 72.89%
Italian 8 1.13% 10 1.33% 4 0.54%
Population 707 100% 752 100% 745 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Benedictine Convent of Saint John

The Benedictine Convent of Saint John is both listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[6]

Weather[edit]

Müstair has an average of 86.7 days of rain per year and on average receives 690 mm (27 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Müstair receives an average of 86 mm (3.4 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 9.3 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 10, but with only 80 mm (3.1 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 33 mm (1.3 in) of precipitation over 9.3 days.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  2. ^ a b Müstair in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 13-Oct-2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 13-Oct-2009
  7. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1248 meters above sea level.
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]