Māngere (New Zealand electorate)

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Māngere electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Māngere, styled as Mangere before 1997, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member of parliament to the Representatives of New Zealand. The current MP for Māngere is William Sio,[1] elected for the Labour Party. He has held this electorate since 2008.

Population centres[edit]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.[2] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election.[3] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Mangere) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[4] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[5] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered.[6] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.[3]

Māngere is based around the South Auckland suburbs of Mangere, Mangere Bridge, Favona and Mangere East. It has existed as an electorate since 1969; its boundaries were extended ahead of the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996, swallowing up a section of the former Papatoetoe electorate.

In the 2007 boundary redistribution, Papatoetoe and Middlemore were transferred to the Manukau East electorate.[7] The 2013/14 redistribution did not change the boundaries further.[8]

History[edit]

Māngere, and all of South Auckland, forms the safest part of the Labour Party's core vote. Even during landslide elections in the National Party's favour, such as in 1975 and 1990, no Labour candidate for a South Auckland seat was seriously troubled.

Māngere was first represented by Colin Moyle of the Labour Party in 1969. Moyle represented the electorate until his resignation in 1977 over what became known as the 'Moyle Affair', and a subsequent by-election was won by a young barrister named David Lange, who would become Prime Minister after Labour's 1984 election victory. Lange retired in 1996 and the nomination was handed to Taito Phillip Field, at the time the MP for Otara. Field was returned with a high share of the vote in subsequent elections, but following his expulsion from the Labour caucus in 2007, his former party nominated former Manukau City deputy mayor William Sio in his place, who won the seat with a majority of over 7,000 votes in the 2008 election.[1] In the 2011 and 2014 elections, Sio's majority was circa 15,000 votes.[9][10]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

 Labour    National    Independent  

Election Winner
1969 election Colin Moyle
1972 election
1975 election
1977 by-election David Lange
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election Taito Phillip Field[a]
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2007
2008 election William Sio
2011 election
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Māngere electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2005 election Clem Simich
2013 Claudette Hauiti[b]

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Māngere[11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY William Sio 18,908 71.09 −4.81 18,470 66.93 −4.89
National Misa Fia Turner 3,975 14.95 +2.35 4,281 15.51 +1.15
Conservative Edward Saafi 1,473 5.54 +3.10 839 3.04 +1.43
Green Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua 1,190 4.47 +0.17 1,084 3.93 +0.08
Mana James Papali'i 536 2.02 +0.26
NZ First   2,008 7.28 +1.42
Internet Mana   324 1.17 +0.16[c]
Māori   124 0.45 −0.09
Legalise Cannabis   86 0.31 −0.07
ACT   68 0.25 −0.06
United Future   26 0.09 −0.11
Ban 1080   10 0.04 +0.04
Democrats   7 0.03 +0.03
Independent Coalition   5 0.02 +0.02
Focus   3 0.01 +0.01
Civilian   3 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 514 514
Total Valid votes 26,596 27,597
Turnout 27,597 66.69 +3.44
Labour hold Majority 14,933 56.15 −7.15

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Māngere[9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY William Sio 18,177 75.90 +23.49 17,960 71.82 +10.22
National Claudette Hauiti[b] 3,018 12.60 -1.35 3,592 14.36 -2.07
Green Todd Ross 1,030 4.30 +2.06 962 3.85 +1.81
NZ First Olivia Ilalio 597 2.49 +2.49 1,466 5.86 +2.55
Conservative Fa'avae Gagamoe 584 2.44 +2.44 402 1.61 +1.61
Mana James Papali'i 422 1.76 +1.76 252 1.01 +1.01
ACT Casey Costello 121 0.51 -0.52 77 0.31 -0.81
Māori   134 0.54 -0.43
Legalise Cannabis   95 0.38 -0.003
United Future   49 0.20 -0.67
Alliance   14 0.06 +0.03
Libertarianz   4 0.02 -0.01
Democrats   0 0.00 -0.01
Informal votes 856 518
Total Valid votes 23,949 25,007
Labour hold Majority 15,159 63.30 +33.78

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 39,534[12]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Māngere[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour William Sio 12,651 52.40 15,446 61.60
Pacific Red XN Taito Phillip Field 5,525 22.89 2,683 10.70
National Mita Harris 3,368 13.95 4,120 16.43
Family Party Galumalemana Jerry Filipaina 999 4.14 297 1.18
Green Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua 541 2.24 511 2.04
United Future Pulotu Selio Solomon 443 1.84 218 0.87
ACT Michael Tabachnik 247 1.02 280 1.12
RAM Roger Fowler 154 0.64 16 0.06
Progressive Tala Po'e 150 0.62 165 0.66
Independent Lemalu Talia Matatumua 63 0.26
NZ First   830 3.31
Māori   241 0.96
Legalise Cannabis   96 0.38
Bill and Ben   75 0.30
Kiwi   65 0.26
Workers Party   16 0.06
Alliance   6 0.02
Libertarianz   6 0.02
Democrats   2 0.01
RONZ   1 0.00
Informal votes 411 279
Total Valid votes 24,141 25,074
Labour hold Majority 7,126 29.52


Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.

2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005 - Mangere[14]

Party Candidate Votes % Party Votes %
Labour Green tickY Taito Phillip Field 19,633 70.64 20,900 72.89
National Clem Simich 3,613 13.00 3,894 13.58
Destiny Edward Saafi 892 3.21 445 1.55
NZ First Toa Greening 831 2.99 1,189 4.15
Green Mua Strickson-Pua 767 2.76 503 1.75
United Neville Wilson 573 2.06 467 1.63
Māori Party Solomon Matthews 522 1.88 330 1.15
Progressive Tala Po'e 341 1.23 429 1.50
Family Rights PP Susie Po'a Williams 305 1.10 184 0.64
Alliance Len Richards 204 0.73 48 0.17
Direct Democracy Paul Teio 56 0.20 7 0.02
IND Mark Muller 56 0.20
ACT 141 0.49
ALCP 59 0.21
Christian Heritage 42 0.15
One NZ 8 0.03
Democrats 5 0.02
Libertarianz 5 0.02
99 MP 2 0.01
Republic of NZ 2 0.01
informal votes 453 293
total valid votes 27,793 28,674
Labour hold Majority 16,020

1999 election[edit]

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Māngere for a list of candidates.

1996 election[edit]

General election, 1996: Mangere[15][16][17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Taito Phillip Field 13,277 55.94 13,118 54.77
National David Broome 3,960 16.68 4,230 17.66
Alliance Len Richards 3,190 13.44 2,134 8.91
NZ First Thomas Moana 1,972 8.31 2,426 10.13
Christian Coalition James Ward 563 2.37 728 3.04
ACT Kevin Mathewson 409 1.72 492 2.05
Advance New Zealand Afamasaga Rasmussen 180 0.76 88 0.37
United NZ Francis Ifopo 94 0.40 105 0.44
Natural Law Grant Bilyard 90 0.38 57 0.24
Legalise Cannabis   330 1.38
Ethnic Minority Party 55 0.23
Progressive Green   49 0.20
McGillicuddy Serious   44 0.18
Animals First   42 0.18
Green Society   13 0.05
Mana Māori   11 0.05
Asia Pacific United 9 0.04
Libertarianz   9 0.04
Superannuitants & Youth   7 0.03
Conservatives   5 0.02
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 469 252
Total Valid votes 23,735 23,952
Labour hold Majority 9,317 39.25

1993 election[edit]

General election, 1993: Mangere[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 8,345 55.1 +4.0
Alliance Len Richards 2,387 15.7 +4.0
NZ First Bryan Archer 2,037 13.4 -8.9
National Hinu Te Hau 1,120 7.3
Christian Heritage C Nemeth 135 0.8
Communist League K Davis 84 0.6
McGillicuddy Serious A Webb 77 0.5
Natural Law Grant Bilyard 53 0.3
Majority 5,958 39.3 +10.6
Turnout 15,137 70.4 -9.3

1990 election[edit]

General election, 1990: Mangere[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 7,184 51.1 -19.5
National Bryan Archer 3,145 22.3
NewLabour Len Richards 1,658 11.7
Green B Edwards 832 5.9
Democrats K A Harris 148 1.0
Independent J H Deane 55 0.3
Majority 4,039 28.7 -19.6
Turnout 14,058 79.7 -10.0

1987 election[edit]

General election, 1987: Mangere[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 8,804 70.6 -2.2
National R C Jeffery 2,785 22.3
Democrats K A Harris 724 5.8
Mana Motuhake K K Pene 156 1.3
Majority 6,019 48.3 -8.7
Turnout 15,326 89.7 -3.4

1984 election[edit]

General election, 1984: Mangere[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 10,676 72.8 +10.6
National P L Saunders 2,301 15.7
NZ Party J A Meyer 1,096 7.5
Social Credit T J Brooks 584 4.0
Majority 8,375 57.1
Turnout 17,001 92.1 +7.1

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Mangere[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 8,739 62.2 -4.0
Social Credit J F Petit 2,933 20.9
National D A Perry 2,366 16.9
Majority 5,806 41.3 -4.2
Turnout 17,001 85.0 +20.6

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Mangere[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 9,104 66.2 +4.07
National P L Saunders 2,841 20.7
Social Credit H J Meiklejohn 1,655 12.0
Values V A Strachan 144 1.1
Majority 6.263 45.5 +18.3
Turnout 21,499 64.4 -18.8

1977 by-election[edit]

Mangere by-election, 1977[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour David Lange 9,766 58.27
National Clem Simich 5,107 30.48
Social Credit W J Owens 1,026 6.10
Values F W Grayson 789 4.71
Worker's Labour B C Moss 28 0.17
Alpha P B Magoffin 18 0.11
Independent Labour B J Shaw 17 0.10
Socialist Action Mrs B M Mulrennan 7 0.04
Majority 4,659 27.80
Turnout 16,758 64.31
Registered electors 26,058
Labour hold Swing

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Field was expelled from the Labour caucus on 14 February 2007.
  2. ^ a b Hauiti entered was elected to Parliament on 8 May 2013 following Aaron Gilmore's resignation.
  3. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Official Count Results – Mängere
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  3. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  7. ^ "Mana: Electoral Profile" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. September 2012. p. 3. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Official Count Results -- Māngere (2014)". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Official Count Results -- Mangere". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Mangere, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  18. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. 
  19. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. 
  20. ^ Norton 1988, p. 268.
  21. ^ a b c d Norton 1988, p. 267.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]