Mōri Terumoto

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Mōri Terumoto
毛利輝元
Terumoto Mouri.jpg
Mōri Terumoto
Lord of Hiroshima
In office
1589–1600
Succeeded by Fukushima Masanori
Lord of Chōshū
In office
? – 1623
Succeeded by Mōri Hidenari
Personal details
Born Kōtsurumaru (幸鶴丸)
(1553-01-22)January 22, 1553
Yoshida, Aki Province
Died June 2, 1625(1625-06-02) (aged 72)
Yoshida, Aki Province
Spouse(s) Seikōin
Seitaiin
Omatsu
Osen
Otsu
Osana
Relations Kikkawa Motoharu (uncle)
Kobayakawa Takakage (uncle)
Mōri Hidemoto (adopted son)
Komahime (adopted daughter, Kobayakawa Hideaki's wife)
Children Mōri Hidenari
Takehima
Mōri Naritaka
Mother Lady Ozaki
Father Mōri Takamoto
Military service
Allegiance Alex K Hiroshima Mori (color).svg Mōri clan
Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan
Tokugawa family crest.svg Tokugawa clan
Rank Daimyō (Lord)
Unit Alex K Hiroshima Mori (color).svg Mōri clan
Battles/wars Siege of Takamatsu (1582)
Kyūshū Campaign (1586)

Mōri Terumoto (毛利 輝元, January 22, 1553 – June 2, 1625) was a Japanese daimyō. The son of Mōri Takamoto, and grandson and successor of the great warlord Mōri Motonari, he fought against Toyotomi Hideyoshi but was eventually overcome. He participated in the Kyūshū Campaign (1587) on Hideyoshi's side and built Hiroshima Castle, thus essentially founding Hiroshima.

Against Nobunaga & Hideyoshi[edit]

Terumoto participated in the 1582 Siege of Takamatsu.[1] After the 1583 Battle of Shizugatake, he became a vassal of Hideyoshi.

Against Ieyasu[edit]

He was a member of the council of Five Elders appointed by Hideyoshi. At the height of his power in late 16th century, Terumoto controlled 1.2 million koku. This means he could mobilize more than 40,000 men to a battle. He sided against Tokugawa Ieyasu as the general commander, but was not present at the Battle of Sekigahara. Terumoto was in Osaka Castle defending Toyotomi Hideyori at the time and surrendered to Ieyasu soon after Sekigahara. Ieyasu reduced Terumoto's domains, leaving him only Nagato and Suō Provinces, worth 369,000 koku in total. Finally,his behavior caused resentment of abundant vassals, and that led him to retire.

He is believed to have been a below-average general on and off the battlefield, having lacked motivation and will. He made little impact in these final years of the Sengoku period, as he often had his subordinates and lesser members of the clan fight instead. It is believed that if he had fought at Sekigahara or brought Hideyori to the battlefield, Ieyasu would have been defeated. However, he managed his domain well and successfully held the Mōri clan together even when his domain was reduced to a third.

He was succeeded by Mōri Hidenari.

He was known as a great patron of Hagi ware pottery.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Mōri Takamoto (毛利隆元, 1523–1563)
  • Mother: Ozaki no Tsubone (尾崎局, 1527–1572), daughter of Naitō Okimori (内藤興盛).
    • Main Wife: Seikōin (清光院, 1558–1631), daughter of Shishido Takaie (宍戸隆家).
    • Concubine: Seitaiin (清泰院, 1572–1604)
      • First Son: Mōri Hidenari (毛利秀就, 1595–1651)
      • First Daughter: Takehima (竹姫, 1600–1644), wife of Kikkawa Hiromasa (吉川広正).
      • Second Son: Mōri Naritaka (毛利就隆, 1602–1679)
    • Concubine: Omatsu (於松, ?–1641), fourth daughter of Hane Yamashiro-no-kami Motoyasu (羽根山城守元泰).
    • Concubine: Osen (於千, 1550–1658), daughter of Inoue Kawachi-no-kami Narimasa (井上河内守就正).
    • Concubine: Otsu (於鶴, ?–1677), daughter of Hanafusa Tarozaemon Yasuyuki (花房太郎左衛門尉某).
    • Concubine: Osana (於さな, ?–1644), daughter of Kodama Kozaemon Noritomo (児玉小左衛門真友).
    • Adopted Children:

It is also said that Terumoto had a concubine that acted as an assassin.

Reference[edit]

  1. ^ Sato, Hiroaki (1995). Legends of the Samurai. New York: Overlook Duckworth. p. 241. ISBN 9780715643631. 

Further reading[edit]

Preceded by
New Creation
(Mōri) Lord of Hiroshima
1589–1600
Succeeded by
Fukushima Masanori
Preceded by
New Creation
1st (Mōri) Lord of Chōshū
????–1623
Succeeded by
Mōri Hidenari