Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region

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Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region
BKK masstransit map 2016-01.png
Opened transit lines map in 2016
Overview
Owner BMA, MRTA, and SRT
Locale Bangkok Metropolitan Region
Transit type Heavy rail, light rail, monorail, and commuter rail
Number of lines 6
Number of stations 93* out of planned 310*
*if transfer stations are counted as one
Daily ridership 884,000
Operation
Began operation December 5, 1999
Operator(s) BTS, BEM, and SRT
Technical
System length Current: 111.14 km (69.06 mi)
Plan: 538.99 km (334.91 mi)
Electrification Overhead line and Third rail
Top speed MRT: 80 km/h (50 mph)
Commuter: 160 km/h (99 mph)

The Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region or M-Map is the latest version in a series of Thai government plans for the development of an urban rail transit network serving the Greater Bangkok area. It was drafted under the care of the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP) of the Ministry of Transport.

Early versions[edit]

Mass Rapid Transit Systems Master Plan (MTMP)[edit]

The first version of the plan, endorsed by the cabinet on 27 September 1994 and to be implemented from 1995 to 2011, consisted of an extension of 135 kilometres (84 mi) to the three systems already in progress (the MRT Blue Line, the Sukhumvit and Silom lines of the BTS Skytrain and the Bangkok Elevated Road and Train System (BERTS)), which would have had a combined length of 103 kilometres (64 mi).[1]

Urban Rail Transportation Master Plan in Bangkok and Surrounding Areas (URMAP)[edit]

Following the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis and the cancellation of the BERTS, a system totalling 375 kilometres (233 mi) to begin in 2001 was proposed, to be developed in three stages: 141.9 kilometres (88.2 mi) during 2001–11, 158.2 kilometres (98.3 mi) during 2012–21 and 75.3 kilometres (46.8 mi) from 2022 onwards.[1]

Bangkok Mass Transit Master Plan (BMT)[edit]

Due to the slow progress of development following URMAP, a new plan was drafted consisting of 475.05 kilometres (295.18 mi) of rail in addition to the then-completed MRT Blue Line, the Sukhumvit and Silom BTS lines, the MRT purple line, and the Airport Rail Link to undergo rapid development during 2010–29. The plan was approved by the cabinet in 2016, and consisted of the following extensions:

  • Light Green Line: North-South extension of the BTS to Saphan Mai and Kheha Samut Parkran
  • Dark Green Line: West extension of the BTS to Yot Se and Bang Wa
  • Blue Line: Extension of the MRT Blue Line to complete a quasi circle line with a branch to Lak Song
  • Purple Line: South extension to Rat Burana is under study
  • Orange Line: Running east–west Min Buri to Bang Khun Non
  • Dark Red Line: Running north–southwest from Rangsit to Bang Sue to Maha Chai
  • Light Red Line: running east-west from Hua Mak to Taling Chan
  • Airport Rail Link: North extension to Don Mueang


M-Map[edit]

The current plan was endorsed by the Commission for the Management of Land Traffic, chaired by then-Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva, on 8 February 2010.[2] It designates eight primary routes, consisting of two commuter rail lines, an airport rail link, and five rapid transit lines, as well as four feeder lines. The routes, totalling 555.74 kilometres (345.32 mi), are to be constructed within a development period of twenty years (2010–29). They were:[3]

Primary lines
Commuter  SRT  SRT Dark Red Line Thammasat – Rangsit - Bang Sue - Hua Lamphong - Bang Bon - Maha Chai
 SRT  SRT Light Red Line Sala Ya – Taling Chan – Thonburi-Siriraj, Hua Mak
Airport rail link ARLbangkok.svg  ARL  Airport Rail Link and extension Suvarnabhumi Airport - Phaya Thai – Bang Sue – Don Mueang
Rapid transit  BTS  Light Green Line, extension of the BTS Sukhumvit Line East Outer Ring Road – Khu Khot - Saphan Mai – Mo Chit – On Nut – Bearing – Kheha Samut Prakan – Bang Pu
 BTS  Dark Green Line, extension of the BTS Silom Line Yot Se – Saphan Taksin – Bang Wa - Taling Chan
 MRT  Blue Line, extension of the MRT Blue Line Bang Sue, Hua Lamphong - Tha Phra – Lak Song – Phutthamonthon Sai 4
 MRT  Purple Line Khlong Bang Phai – Tao Poon - Rat Burana
 MRT  Orange Line Bang Khun Non – Thailand Cultural Centre - Min Buri
Feeder lines
Monorail  MRL  Pink Line Nonthaburi Civic Center – Min Buri
 MRL  Yellow Line Lat Phrao – Samrong
 MRL  Grey Line Watcharaphon – Rama IX Bridge
 MRL  Light Blue Line Pracha Songkhro – Chong Nonsi

Development would be divided into three stages, in addition to those lines already open or under construction:[4]

Overview as of June 2017
In service 111.14 kilometres (69.06 mi) 20.62%
Under construction 181.34 kilometres (112.68 mi) 33.64%
Future plan 246.51 kilometres (153.17 mi) 45.74%
Total Planned 538.99 kilometres (334.91 mi) 100.00%

More recent changes[edit]

The 2010 M-Map does not reflect more recent changes to the priority of constructing new rapid transit lines in Bangkok. While the Orange, Pink and Yellow lines have received approval, the Grey Line and Light Blue lines are still under study, along with a new  MRT  Brown Line which would link Nonthaburi Civic Center – Summakorn.

Additionally, a  MRL  Gold Line from Krung Thonburi – Memorial Bridge, partially funded by property developer Siam Piwat will be developed outside of the M-Map framework.

M-Map 2[edit]

In March 2017 the Minister of Transport announced the development of M-Map 2[5] to be written by the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning in conjunction with the Japan International Cooperation Agency. The initial map listed the following lines in the current plan[6]

Primary lines
Commuter  SRT  SRT Dark Red Line
 SRT  SRT Light Red Line
Airport rail link ARLbangkok.svg  ARL  Airport Rail Link and extension
Rapid transit  BTS  Light Green Line, extension of the BTS Sukhumvit Line
 BTS  Dark Green Line, extension of the BTS Silom Line
 MRT  Blue Line
 MRT  Purple Line
 MRT  Orange Line
Feeder lines
Monorail  MRL  Pink Line
 MRL  Yellow Line

Under construction[edit]

Line System Operator Stations Length Terminus Under construction since Predicted operation
   Blue Line Rapid transit MRT 21 26.2 km (16.3 mi) Hua LamphongLak Song
Tao PoonTha Phra
2011 September 2019 - 31 March 2020[7]
   Orange Line 17 22.57 km (14.02 mi)[8] Thailand Cultural Centre ↔ Suwintawong 2017 2023
   Purple Line 15 23.60 km (14.66 mi) Tao PoonRat Burana 2018(est.) 2024
   Sukhumvit Line BTS 9 10.38 km (6.45 mi) SamrongKheha Samut Prakan 2013 Dec 2018[7] [9]
16 19 km (12 mi) Mo ChitKhu Khot 2015 2020[7]
   Dark Red Line Commuter rail SRTET 6[10] 22.48 km (13.97 mi) RangsitBang Sue 2013
   Light Red Line 18[10] 14.66 km (9.11 mi)[10] Taling ChanBang Sue Completed[10]
   Pink Line Monorail NBM 30 34.5 km (21.4 mi)[11] Nonthaburi Civic Center ↔ Min Buri 2018 2022/3
   Yellow Line EBM 23 30.4 km (18.9 mi)[11] Lat Phrao ↔ Samrong 2018
Total
(as of 16 June 2017)
181.34 km (112.68 mi)

Future[edit]

Line System Operator Stations
to be added
Projected Operation Length Terminus
   Sukhumvit Line Rapid transit BTS 4 n/a est. 6.5 km (4.0 mi) Khu KhotEastern Outer Ring
   Sukhumvit Line Rapid transit BTS n/a est. 9.50 km (5.90 mi) Kheha Samut PrakanBang Pu
   Silom Line Rapid transit BTS 6 n/a est. 7.50 km (4.66 mi) Bang WaTaling Chan
   Silom Line Rapid transit BTS 1 n/a est. 1.0 km (0.62 mi) National StadiumYot Se
   Blue Line Rapid transit MRT 4 n/a 8.0 km (5.0 mi) Lak SongPhutthamonthon Sai 4
   Purple Line Rapid transit MRT 15 2024 23.60 km (14.66 mi) Tao PoonRat Burana
   Dark Red Line (phase II) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 8 2022 6.05 km (3.76 mi) Bang Sue ↔ Hua Lamphong
   Dark Red Line (phase III) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 4 2022 8.75 km (5.44 mi) Thammasat ↔ Rangsit
   Dark Red Line (phase IV) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 8 n/a 13.18 km (8.19 mi) Hua Lamphong ↔ Bang Bon
   Dark Red Line (phase V) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 9 n/a est. 21.00 km (13.05 mi) Bang Bon ↔ Maha Chai
   Light Red Line (phase II) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 5 2022 18.80 km (11.68 mi) Bang Sue ↔ Hua Mak
   Light Red Line (phase III) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 4 n/a 12.98 km (8.07 mi) Taling ChanSala Ya
   Light Red Line (reconsidering) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 3 n/a 5.38 km (3.34 mi) Taling ChanThonburi-Siriraj
   Airport Rail Link (phase II) Airport rail link SRTET 2 n/a 6.68 km (4.15 mi) Bang SuePhaya Thai
   Airport Rail Link (reconsidering) Airport rail link SRTET 1 n/a 15.40 km (9.57 mi) Don Mueang ↔ Bang Sue
   Grey Line Monorail BMA 21 n/a est. 26.0 km (16.2 mi) Vatcharapol ↔ Rama 9 Bridge
   Gold Line Monorail BMA 4 2019 2.7 km (1.7 mi) Krung Thonburi ↔ Memorial Bridge
Bangna-Suvarnabhumi Monorail BMA 12 n/a est. 18.0 km (11.2 mi) Udom SukSuvarnabhumi / Wat Si Wari Noi
   MRT Brown Line Monorail MRTA 21 n/a est. 22.0 km (13.7 mi) Nonthaburi Civic CenterSammakon

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b เส้นทางปรับแผนรถไฟฟ้า. Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Hoonsara, Samatcha; Jeerawan Prasomsap (9 February 2010). "Commission approves new Skytrain routes". The Nation. Archived from the original on 2011-02-21. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "แผนแม่บทระบบขนส่งมวลชนทางรางในเขตกรุงเทพฯและปริมณฑล พ.ศ.2553-2572 (Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  4. ^ ความก้าวหน้าโครงการ. Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "ไทย-ญี่ปุ่น เร่งศึกษาแผนแม่บทรถไฟฟ้า". banmuang.co.th. Retrieved 2017-08-12. 
  6. ^ "Development of the 2nd Blueprint for Bangkok Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan (M-MAP2)" (PDF). 
  7. ^ a b c www.prop2morrow.com (6 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2560). อัพเดท ! ความคืบหน้าโครงการรถไฟฟ้า 14 เส้นทาง (in ไทย). Retrieved 6 พฤศจิกายน 2560.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  8. ^ "Six contracts signed for construction of B79.2bn Orange Line". Bangkok Post. 9 February 2017. 
  9. ^ http://englishnews.thaipbs.or.th/green-line-extension-samut-prakarn-soi-bearing-now-complete/
  10. ^ a b c d http://www.ryt9.com/s/iq03/2471718
  11. ^ a b เซ็นแล้ว! โมโนเรลไทย2สายแรก 9.2 หมื่นล้านใช้ระบบบอมบาดิเอร์ "สมคิด" ชม"คีรี"นักรบเศรษฐกิจ ประชาชาติธุรกิจ. 16 June 2017

External links[edit]