M. A. Chidambaram Stadium

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MA Chidambaram Stadium[1]
Ma ChidambaramStadium panaroma.jpg
Ground information
Location Chepauk, Chennai
Establishment 1916
Capacity 38,000[2]
Owner Tamil Nadu Cricket Association
Architect East Coast Constructions
Hopkins Architects, London[3]
End names
Anna Pavilion End
V Pattabhiraman Gate End
International information
First Test 10–13 February 1934:
 India v  England
Last Test 22–26 February 2013:
 India v  Australia
First ODI 9 October 1987:
 India v  Australia
Last ODI 22 October 2015:
 India v  South Africa
Only T20I 11 September 2012:
 India v  New Zealand
Team information
Tamil Nadu (1916–present)
Chennai Super Kings (IPL) (2008–2015)
As of 4 April 2008
Source: Cricinfo

M A Chidambaram Stadium or Chepauk Stadium is a cricket stadium in Chennai, India. The stadium was established in 1916 and it is the oldest continuously used cricket stadium in the country. Named after M A Chidambaram, former President of BCCI, the stadium was formerly known as Madras Cricket Club Ground. It is the home ground of the Tamil Nadu cricket team and the Indian Premier League team Chennai Super Kings. Chepauk hosted its first test match on 10 February 1934, the first ever Ranji Trophy match in 1936 and Indian cricket team's first ever test victory in 1952 against England. The 1986 India-Australia match held at Chepauk was only the second ever Tied Test in the history of the game.

Location[edit]

The stadium is located at Chepauk, a few hundred meters from Marina beach along the Bay of Bengal. The stadium can be accessed from Wallajah Road in the north, Babu Jagjivanram Road in the west and Pycrofts Road in the south. Adjacent to the east of the stadium is the Chepauk MRTS railway station which lies on the Chennai BeachVelachery section of the Chennai MRTS. The Cooum river runs tangentially to the north side of the stadium.

Crowd[edit]

The Chepauk crowd is known to be amongst the most appreciative in the country.[2] The crowd gave a standing ovation to Saeed Anwar after scoring the highest ever ODI score of 194 against India in 1997. The crowd was again appreciative when Pakistan won a Test match in 1999 and the Pakistani team made a lap of honour in appreciation of the spectators' sporting behaviour.[2]

Renovation[edit]

Newly renovated stands with fabric tensile roofs

In June 2009, reconstruction work of the stadium was taken up at the cost of 175 crore (US$26 million).[4][5] The plan consisted of constructing three new reinforced concrete stands designated I, J, and K accommodating 10,000 spectators and 24 hospitality boxes under translucent PTFE membrane roofs.[6] Hopkins Architects, London and Nataraj & Venkat Architects, Chennai were contracted by the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association.[3]

The renovation was completed in 2011 and the old roofing with pillars that often blocked the view in the old stadium were replaced by light quad conical roofing held together by cables. The stadium can currently accommodate 38,000 spectators which will be expanded to 42,000. The stands are at a gradient of 36° and lets the sea breeze in to get the ground's traditional swing back.[7]

On 31 March 2015, the Supreme Court ruled that the renovation violates regulations relating to public safety.[8][9] The court ruled that the parts of the renovation which violate the regulations must be demolished and until the appropriate planning permissions are issued and the demolition is complete, three stands (I, J, K) must remain sealed.[10][11] Cricket matches take place in the stadium with the I, J, and K stands locked for spectators.

Notable events[edit]

  • The first ever match of the Ranji Trophy was held on 4 November 1934 between Madras and Mysore at Chepauk.[12] M J Gopalan of Madras bowled the first ball to N Curtis.
  • India recorded their first test victory, in their 24th match, against England at Cheupak in 1952.[13]
  • The second ever Tied Test in cricket history was played here between India and Australia in 1986.[14]
  • Sunil Gavaskar scored his 30th test match century in 1983 breaking Don Bradman's record for most centuries in test cricket.[15]
  • Narendra Hirwani's 8 wickets for 61 runs against the West Indies in January 1988 are the best bowling figures by an Indian on Test début and the third overall.[16] As of December 2014, he is the only Indian cricketer to take ten or more wickets in Test debut. Hirwani's figures of 16 wickets for 136 runs in the match are a record for any bowler on début.[17]
  • Saeed Anwar of Pakistan scored 194 against India in 1997, the highest ODI score at that time.[18][19]
  • On 15 October 2004, Shane Warne surpassed Muttiah Muralitharan's tally of 532 Test wickets to become the highest wicket taker during the time.
  • Virender Sehwag scored 319 against South Africa, in the home series in April 2008 in the first Test at M A Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai, having reached 300 off just 278 balls, the fastest triple century in test history. Sehwag became only the third batsman after Donald Bradman and Brian Lara to score two triple centuries in Test Cricket. He scored 257 runs the third day of the match, which was the most runs scored by an individual batsman on a single day of a Test match since 1954, when Dennis Compton made 273 runs on the second day of the Nottingham Test against Pakistan.[20]
  • Sachin Tendulkar has scored more runs in Chepauk than any other venue in India with 876 runs in nine Tests at an average of 87.60.[21]
  • On 22 March 2001, India defeated Australia by 2 wickets to clinch the Border Gavaskar Trophy following India's win in Kolkata which ended the 16 match winning streak of Australia in test matches.
  • India's 387/4 in the fourth innings of the first Test against England in December 2008, became the highest successful run chase in a test match in India.

Records[edit]

England hold the record for the highest score on the ground so far when they hit 652-7d runs against India in 1985.[22] India hold the record for the lowest score at the ground when England restricted them to just 83.[23] Sunil Gavaskar (1018 runs) had scored the most number of runs in this stadium followed by Sachin Tendulkar (876 runs) and Gundappa Vishwanath (785 runs) in Tests. Anil Kumble (48 wickets) had taken the most wickets in this stadium followed by Kapil Dev (40 wickets) and Harbhajan Singh (39 wickets) in Tests.

The highest ODI score here was made by Pakistan in 1997 when Pakistan scored 327-5, India replied with 292 all out, which is the third highest score here. The second highest score is 299-8 made by India on 22 October 2015 against South Africa which India defended successfully. The fourth highest score is 289-4 made by Australia against New Zealand. Yuvraj Singh has scored the most number of runs here with 255 runs in ODIs. Mohammad Rafique has taken the most number of wickets (14 wickets), followed by Ajit Agarkar, who is the highest wicket taking Indian cricketer.

Cricket World Cup[edit]

This stadium has hosted 7 One Day International matches across 3 world cups. The World cup matches hosted by this stadium are as follows:

1987 Cricket World Cup[edit]

9 October 1987
Scorecard
Australia 
270/6 (50 overs)
v
 India
269 (49.5 overs)
13 October 1987
Scorecard
Australia 
235/9 (50 overs)
v
 Zimbabwe
139 (49.4 overs)

1996 Cricket World Cup[edit]

11 March 1996
Scorecard
New Zealand 
286/9 (50 overs)
v
 Australia
289/4 (47.5 overs)

2011 Cricket World Cup[edit]

20 February 2011
Scorecard
Kenya 
69 (23.5 overs)
v
 New Zealand
72/0 (8 overs)
6 March 2011
Scorecard
England 
171 (45.4 overs)
v
 South Africa
165 (47.4 overs)
17 March 2011 (D/N)
Scorecard
England 
243 (48.4 overs)
v
 West Indies
225 (44.4 overs)
20 March 2011 (D/N)
Scorecard
India 
268 (49.1 overs)
v
 West Indies
188 (43 overs)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All about Chidambaram stadium". The Hindu. 25 January 2002. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "M A Chidambaram Stadium". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Construction Begins at Chennai". Hopkins Architects. 27 November 2009. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  4. ^ "N Srinivasan unanimously elected TNCA President". Zee News. 28 June 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Upgradation/Modernisation of M.A.Chidambaram Stadium". TNCA. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "New Chepauk stands ready for Pakistan ODI". The Times of India. Chennai. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Dinakar, S. (16 February 2011). "Chepauk's new innings". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "Demolish unauthorised construction in MA Chidambaram stadium says SC". IBN Live. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Supreme court orders TN to demolish three cheupak stadiums". Hindustan Times. 1 April 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "Demolish unauthorised construction at Chepauk says SC". Zee news. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "Chepauk waits for planning permissions". The Hindu. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  12. ^ "Scorecard, Madras v Mysore". cricketarchive.com. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "England in India, 1951–52". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 September 2006. 
  14. ^ "Where history is made". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  15. ^ "When Gavaskar upstaged Bradman". Deccan Chronicle. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  16. ^ "Records / Test matches / Bowling records / Best figures in a innings on debut". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  17. ^ "Records / Test matches / Bowling records / Best figures in a match on debut". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  18. ^ PTI (24 February 2010). "Sachin becomes first batsman to score 200 in an ODI". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 November 2010. 
  19. ^ "Sachin break Anwar's Record". Cricketworld4u.com. Retrieved 24 November 2010. 
  20. ^ "The day the records tumbled". ESPN Cricinfo. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "India v England, 1st Test, Chennai, 5th day: A fourth-innings special". ESPN Cricinfo. 15 December 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2009. 
  22. ^ "Scorecard India v/s England 1st Test". Cricbuzz.com. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  23. ^ "England tour of India, 3rd Test: India v England at Chennai, Jan 14-19, 1977". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°03′46″N 80°16′46″E / 13.06278°N 80.27944°E / 13.06278; 80.27944