M. A. Chidambaram Stadium

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M. A. Chidambaram Stadium
Chepauk Stadium
Ma ChidambaramStadium panaroma.jpg
LocationWallajah Road, Chepauk, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Public transitMRTS
OwnerTamil Nadu Cricket Association
OperatorTamil Nadu Cricket Association
Capacity33,000-54,000
Construction
ArchitectEast Coast Constructions
Hopkins Architects, London[1]
Chepauk Stadium
Lord's of India
Ground information
Establishment1916
TenantsTamil Nadu cricket team
Chennai Super Kings Tamil Nadu Cricket Association
End names
Anna Pavilion End
V Pattabhiraman Gate End
International information
First Test10–13 February 1934:
 India v  England
Last Test13–17 February 2021:
 India v  England
First ODI9 October 1987:
 India v  Australia
Last ODI15 December 2019:
 India v  West Indies
First T20I11 September 2012:
 India v  New Zealand
Last T20I11 November 2018:
 India v  West Indies
Only women's Test7–9 November 1976:
 India v  West Indies
First WODI23 February 1984:
 India v  Australia
Last WODI5 March 2007:
 Australia v  New Zealand
First WT20I23 March 2016:
 South Africa v  Ireland
Last WT20I27 March 2016:
 England v  Pakistan
Team information
Tamil Nadu (1916–present)
Chennai Super Kings (IPL) (2008–present)
As of 13 February 2021
Source: ESPNcricinfo

M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, commonly known as the Chepauk Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.[2] Established in 1916, it is the second oldest cricket stadium in the country after Eden Gardens in Kolkata. Formerly known as Madras Cricket Club Ground, the stadium is named after M. A. Chidambaram Chettiar, former President of BCCI & Head of TNCA. It is the home ground of the Tamil Nadu cricket team and the Indian Premier League team Chennai Super Kings. Chepauk hosted its first Test match on 10 February 1934, the first Ranji Trophy match in 1936 and the Indian cricket team's first test victory in 1952 against England. The 1986 India-Australia match held at Chepauk was only the second ever Tied Test in the history of the game.

Location[edit]

A match going on at the MAC stadium

The stadium is located at Chepauk, a few hundred meters from Marina beach along the Bay of Bengal. The stadium can be accessed from Wallajah Road in the north, Babu Jagjivanram Road in the west and Pycrofts Road in the south. Adjacent to the east of the stadium is the Chepauk MRTS railway station which lies on the Chennai BeachVelachery section of the Chennai MRTS. The Buckingham Canal runs tangentially to the north side of the stadium.

Chepauk stadium is located across Chepauk Palace, the official residence of the Nawab of Arcot from 1768 to 1855. The stadium site used to be part of the palace grounds of the Chepauk Palace. Three Indo Saracenic style pillars at the entrance of the stadium are the last remnants of the association with the erstwhile palace grounds. The pillars construction are dated back to the rule of Nawab Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah[3][4]

History[edit]

In 1859, Madras Presidency acquired Chepauk palace in an auction for Rs 589,000.[5][6] In 1865, the government gave permission to build a pavilion at the palace grounds to Madras Cricket Club. The pavilion was finished in 1866. The pavilion was reconstructed in 1892[7] and was utilized till 1982 when it was demolished as part of the stadium renovation.[6]

Chepauk Stadium was established in 1916 and has been the home venue of the Tamil Nadu cricket team ever since.[8] It is the second oldest cricket stadium in the country after Eden Gardens in Kolkata, still holding all international cricket matches. Bombay Gymkhana being the first is not in use for international cricket.

From 1960 to 1988, Chennai hosted a test match in second week of January and was termed the Pongal Test as the match coincided with the Pongal harvest festival.[9][10]

Renovation[edit]

Newly renovated stands with fabric tensile roofs

In June 2009, reconstruction work of the stadium was taken up at the cost of 175 crore (US$23 million).[11][12] The plan consisted of constructing three new reinforced concrete stands designated I, J, and K accommodating 12,000 spectators and 24 hospitality boxes under translucent PTFE membrane roofs.[13] Hopkins Architects, London and Nataraj & Venkat Architects, Chennai were contracted by the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association.[1]

The renovation was completed in 2011 and the old roofing with pillars that often blocked the view in the old stadium were replaced by light quad conical roofing held together by cables. The stadium can currently accommodate 50,000 spectators. The stands are at a gradient of 36° and lets the sea breeze in to get the ground's traditional swing back.[14]

On 31 March 2015, the Supreme Court ruled that the renovation violates regulations relating to public safety.[15][16] The court ruled that the parts of the renovation which violate the regulations must be demolished and until the appropriate planning permissions are issued and the demolition is complete, three stands (I, J, K) must remain sealed.[17][18] After their construction, cricket matches took place in the stadium with the I, J, and K stands locked for spectators. The stands were finally de-sealed and opened in March 2020.[19]

Lease[edit]

The total area of the stadium is 752,000 square feet. This is under lease agreement between government and the association. In April 2015, the lease agreement between the government and association lapsed. [20] In November 2019, the lease period of the stadium was extended by the Tamil Nadu government for 21 years from 2015.

Notable events[edit]

  • The first match of the Ranji Trophy was held on 4 November 1934 between Madras and Mysore at Chepauk.[21] M J Gopalan of Madras bowled the first ball to N Curtis.
  • India recorded their first test victory, in their 24th match, against England at Chepauk in 1952.[22]
  • The second ever Tied Test in cricket history was played here between India and Australia in 1986.[23]
  • Sunil Gavaskar scored his 30th test match century in 1983 breaking Don Bradman's record for most centuries in test cricket.[24]
  • Narendra Hirwani's 8 wickets for 61 runs against the West Indies in January 1988 are the best bowling figures by an Indian on Test début and the third overall.[25] As of December 2014, he is the only Indian cricketer to take ten or more wickets in Test debut. Hirwani's figures of 16 wickets for 136 runs in the match are a record for any bowler on début.[26]
  • Saeed Anwar of Pakistan scored 194 against India in 1997, the highest ODI score at that time.[27][28]
  • On 15 October 2004, Shane Warne surpassed Muttiah Muralitharan's tally of 532 Test wickets to become the highest wicket taker during the time.
  • Virender Sehwag scored 319 against South Africa, in the home series in April 2008 in the first Test at M A Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai, having reached 300 off just 278 balls, the fastest triple century in test history. Sehwag became only the third batsman after Donald Bradman and Brian Lara to score two triple centuries in Test Cricket. He scored 257 runs the third day of the match, which was the most runs scored by an individual batsman on a single day of a Test match since 1954, when Denis Compton made 273 runs on the second day of the Nottingham Test against Pakistan.[29]
  • Rahul Dravid completed 10,000 test runs in Chepauk Stadium against South Africa in the same match where Sehwag scored 319. Rahul Dravid eventually made a 100 in that test innings as well.
  • Sachin Tendulkar has scored more runs in Chepauk than any other venue in India with 876 runs in nine Tests at an average of 87.60.[30]
  • On 22 March 2001, India defeated Australia by 2 wickets to clinch the Border Gavaskar Trophy following India's win in Kolkata which ended the 16 match winning streak of Australia in test matches.
  • India's 387/4 in the fourth innings of the first Test against England in December 2008, became the highest successful run chase in a test match in India.
  • Mahendra Singh Dhoni scored 224 in the 1st test against Australia in the home series on 24 February 2013. He is the first Indian Wicket-keeper Batsman to score a Double Century in Test Cricket and 7th Wicket-keeper in Test Cricket to do so. India finished the innings on 572.
  • Karun Nair scored 303* not out in the 5th test against England in the home series on 19 December 2016. India declared in the innings on 759–7, their highest team total. He became the 6th youngest batsman to score 300 and the 2nd Indian (after Virender Sehwag) to do so.
  • Joe Root scored 218 (337) in the 1st test against India in their away series on 6 February 2021. This made him score the highest score by an English cricketer in India, and also the highest score in the 100th test of any individual.[31]
A panoramic view of the M. A. Chidambaram Stadium showing all the stands.

Statistics and Records[edit]

International Cricket Matches[edit]

Test Batting Records[edit]

Cricket World Cup[edit]

This stadium has hosted 7 Men's One Day International matches across 3 world cups. In addition, the stadium has also hosted a semifinal in the 1997 Women's Cricket World Cup.

The World cup matches hosted by this stadium are as follows:

Men's ODI Cricket World Cup[edit]

1987 Cricket World Cup

9 October 1987
Scorecard
Australia 
270/6 (50 overs)
v
 India
269 (49.5 overs)
13 October 1987
Scorecard
Australia 
235/9 (50 overs)
v
 Zimbabwe
139 (49.4 overs)

1996 Cricket World Cup

11 March 1996
Scorecard
New Zealand 
286/9 (50 overs)
v
 Australia
289/4 (47.5 overs)

2011 Cricket World Cup

20 February 2011
Scorecard
Kenya 
69 (23.5 overs)
v
 New Zealand
72/0 (8 overs)
6 March 2011
Scorecard
England 
171 (45.4 overs)
v
 South Africa
165 (47.4 overs)
17 March 2011 (D/N)
Scorecard
England 
243 (48.4 overs)
v
 West Indies
225 (44.4 overs)
20 March 2011 (D/N)
Scorecard
India 
268 (49.1 overs)
v
 West Indies
188 (43 overs)

Women's ODI Cricket World Cup[edit]

26 December 1997
Scorecard
New Zealand 
175/6 (50 overs)
v
 England
155 (47.5 overs)
Debbie Hockley 43 (104)
Karen Smithies 3/40 (10 overs)
Janette Brittin 32 (88)
Clare Nicholson 2/29 (10 overs)
New Zealand Women won by 20 runs
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chepauk
Umpires: N Muralidaran and P Venkatesan
Player of the match: Debbie Hockley (NZ)
  • New Zealand women won the toss and elected to bat.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Construction Begins at Chennai". Hopkins Architects. 27 November 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  2. ^ "About M. A. Chidambaram Stadium". BCCI. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Passing through the gates of history". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Those Were The Days: The day Chepauk spun India into cricket history". DT Next. 20 October 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  5. ^ V, Ramnarayan. "An MCC of our own". Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  6. ^ a b "CRICKET IN MADRAS". MADRAS VIGNETTES. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  7. ^ "The Madras that was". Frontline. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  8. ^ Menon, Suresh. "Indian cricket's spiritual home". Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  9. ^ Arjun, Siddharth (15 January 2019). "Pongal Test: Forgotten tradition of Indian cricket". Sportskeeda. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Pongal Test – The history of India's own Boxing Day cricket match". The Bridge. 13 January 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  11. ^ "N Srinivasan unanimously elected TNCA President". Zee News. 28 June 2009. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  12. ^ "Upgradation/Modernisation of M.A.Chidambaram Stadium". TNCA. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  13. ^ "New Chepauk stands ready for Pakistan ODI". The Times of India. Chennai. 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
  14. ^ Dinakar, S. (16 February 2011). "Chepauk's new innings". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  15. ^ "Demolish unauthorised construction in MA Chidambaram stadium says SC". IBN Live. 31 March 2015. Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  16. ^ "Supreme court orders TN to demolish three cheupak stadiums". Hindustan Times. 1 April 2016. Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Demolish unauthorised construction at Chepauk says SC". Zee news. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Chepauk waits for planning permissions". The Hindu. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  19. ^ @tncacricket (13 March 2020). "The I, J, K Stands at the M.A. Chidambaram Stadium were de-sealed and opened today (Friday, 13 March, 2020). For More ➡️bit.ly/2TKT1hs" (Tweet). Retrieved 18 August 2020 – via Twitter.
  20. ^ TNCA owes government Rs 2,081 crore rent for Chepauk stadium
  21. ^ "Scorecard, Madras v Mysore". cricketarchive.com. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  22. ^ "England in India, 1951–52". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 September 2006.
  23. ^ "Where history is made". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  24. ^ "When Gavaskar upstaged Bradman". Deccan Chronicle. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  25. ^ "Records / Test matches / Bowling records / Best figures in a innings on debut". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  26. ^ "Records / Test matches / Bowling records / Best figures in a match on debut". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  27. ^ PTI (24 February 2010). "Sachin becomes first batsman to score 200 in an ODI". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  28. ^ "Sachin break Anwar's Record". Cricketworld4u.com. Archived from the original on 6 May 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  29. ^ "The day the records tumbled". ESPN Cricinfo. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  30. ^ "India v England, 1st Test, Chennai, 5th day: A fourth-innings special". ESPN Cricinfo. 15 December 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
  31. ^ Sportstar, Team. "IND vs ENG: Joe Root scores 200 in 100th Test, breaks multiple records". Sportstar. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  32. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / Test matches / Results records / MA Chidambaram". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  33. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / ODI / Results records / MA Chidambaram". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  34. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / T20I / Results records / MA Chidambaram". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  35. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / Test matches / Batting records / MA Chidambaram / Runs scored". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  36. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / Test matches / Batting records / MA Chidambaram / Runs scored (Non-India)". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  37. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / Test matches / Batting records / MA Chidambaram Stadium / Runs scored in an innings". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  38. ^ "Statistics / Statsguru / Test matches / Batting records / MA Chidambaram / Hundreds scored". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 17 February 2021.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°03′46″N 80°16′46″E / 13.06278°N 80.27944°E / 13.06278; 80.27944