M. F. Sumtsov Kharkiv Historical Museum
Харківський історичний музей імені М. Ф. Сумцова
|Museum of Sloboda Ukraine|
|Established||21 January 1920|
|Collection size||approx. 330 thousands objects|
|Owner||Kharkiv Oblast Council|
|Public transit access||Istorychnyi Muzei (Kharkiv Metro); Maidan Konstytutsii (Kharkiv Metro)|
The M. F. Sumtsov Kharkiv Historical Museum (Ukrainian: Харківський історичний музей імені М. Ф. Сумцова, Kharkivskyi Istorychnyi Muzei Imeni M. F. Sumtsova) is a history museum located in Kharkiv, Ukraine. Its dedicated to history and culture of Ukraine and ethnicities living here.
The museum was established in 1920 by Mykola Sumtsov, ukrainian ethnographers, historians and museology expert. It got the best collections from Kharkiv University Museum and the city Art and Industry Museum.
The collection of Kharkiv University Museum started to accumulate in 1804. Its objects were used for students teaching. This collection was one of the first museum collections in Ukraine. The city Art and Industry Museum was founded in 1886. Its ethnographic collection was one of the largest and best among all city museums in Russian Empire. In 1902 the nationwide Archaeological Congress was held in Kharkiv. A huge previous search work was conducted. There were collected a large number of valuable objects of history, ethnography, art that revealed history and culture of inhabitants of the region. For participants of the Congress the exhibitions were created to demonstrate these objects. Later most of the objects became a part of the collection of M.F. Sumtsov Kharkiv Historical Museum. The World War II was a heavy blow to the museum's collections. At this time a significant part of the collection has been lost.
On June 18, 2015, the museum was named after its founder and first director — Mykola Sumtsov. Today the M. F. Sumtsov Kharkiv Historical Museum retains the significance of the research, scientific-methodical and cultural-educational center of the Kharkiv region.
- Archeology of the Kharkiv region
- Kharkiv region during middle ages and cossack era
- Ethnic traditions of the Kharkiv region
- Cossack era in ukrainian history
- Kharkiv during 19th century
- Kharkivites on the fronts of World War I (1914-1918)
- Kharkiv region in the Revolution of 1917 and interwar period (1917–1940)
- World War ІІ
- Kharkiv in Soviet time 1943–1991
- Antiterrorist operation and Kharkiv region
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