M. Frederick Hawthorne
|M. Frederick Hawthorne|
|Born||August 24, 1928|
Fort Scott, Kansas
|Known for||Boron hydrides|
|Awards||Tolman Award (1986)|
King Faisal International Prize (2003)
Priestley Medal (2009)
National Medal of Science (2011)
|Institutions||University of California, Los Angeles|
|Doctoral advisor||Donald Cram|
Hawthorne received his elementary and secondary education in Kansas and Missouri. Prior to high school graduation, through examination he entered the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy, Rolla, Missouri as a chemical engineering student. He then transferred to Pomona College, where he received a B.A. degree in chemistry. While there he conducted research with Corwin Hansch. Hawthorne pursued his PhD in organic chemistry under Donald Cram at the University of California, Los Angeles. He conducted postdoctoral research at Iowa State University before joining the Redstone Arsenal Research Division of the Rohm and Haas Company in Huntsville, Alabama.
At the Redstone Arsenal, he worked on the chemistry of boron hydrides making several notable discoveries. In 1962, he moved to the University of California, Riverside as professor of chemistry. He transferred to the Los Angeles campus in 1969. In 1998 he was appointed University Professor of Chemistry at UCLA. He then returned to his home state of Missouri as head of the International Institute of Nano and Molecular Medicine at University of Missouri.
Hawthorne was long associated with the journal Inorganic Chemistry, being the longest serving editor-in-chief.
Hawthorne's contributions focused on the chemistry of boron hydride clusters. He discovered dodecaborate anion (B12H122−) and metal complexes of the dicarbollide anion. His group subsequently discovered the perhydroxylation of B12H122−.
Hawthorne has been widely recognized, including election to the US National Academy of Sciences.
- 1992 an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences at Uppsala University, Sweden 
- 1994 Chemical Pioneer Award from the American Institute of Chemists 
- 2009 Priestley Medal from the American Chemical Society
- December 27, 2012 National Medal of Science
- Anthony R. Pitochelli, Frederick M. Hawthorne "The Isolation of Icosahedral B12H122− Ion" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1960, volume 82, pp 3228–3229.doi:10.1021/ja01497a069
- M. F. Hawthorne, D. C. Young, P. A. Wegner, "Carbametallic Boron Hydride Derivatives. I. Apparent Analogs of Ferrocene and Ferricinium Ion" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1965, volume 87, pp. 1818-1819. doi:10.1021/ja01086a053
- M. W. Lee, Jr., A. V. Safronov, S. Jalisatgi, M. F. Hawthorne "Cesium dodecahydroxy-closododecaborate, Cs2[B12(OH)12]" Inorg. Syntheses 2010, volume 35. doi:10.1002/9780470651568.ch2
- "Honorary Doctors of the Faculty of Mathematics and Science". Uppsala University. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Chemical Pioneer Award". American Institute of Chemists. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- Ritter, Stephen K. (June 18, 2008). "Hawthorne is 2009 Priestley Medalist". C&EN. Archived from the original on April 4, 2016.
- Wall, Timothy (December 27, 2012). "President Obama Honors MU Researcher with National Medal of Science" (Press release). University of Missouri News Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2018.