M. G. Ramachandran filmography

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M. G. Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987),[1] popularly known by his initials "MGR",[2][3] was an Indian actor, director and producer who had an extensive career primarily in Tamil language films. After starring in numerous commercially successful films from the 1950s to the early 1970s, he has continued to hold a matinée idol status in Tamil Nadu.[2] Ramachandran made his debut in Ellis R. Dungan's 1936 film Sathi Leelavathi, where he played a police inspector.[4][5] He followed it with a string of minor appearances and supporting roles in many films, notably Ashok Kumar (1941), where he played the general of emperor Ashoka's army,[6] and as a captain in Dungan's Meera (1945).[7]

Ramachandran's breakthrough came with his first lead role in A. S. A. Sami's swashbuckler film Rajakumari (1947) where he played a villager who marries a princess.[8][9] Based on the Arabian Nights, Rajakumari was a commercially successful venture.[10] He established himself as an action hero akin to Errol Flynn and Douglas Fairbanks in Tamil cinema with Manthiri Kumari (1950) and Marmayogi (1951).[11][12] Both films had political undertones which earned Ramachandran a Robin Hood persona of being a champion for the downtrodden.[13] His performance as the caring brother Rajendran who tries to keep his family together in En Thangai (1952) earned him critical acclaim.[14] In 1953, he made his debut in Malayalam films opposite B. S. Saroja in Genova.[15] Ramachandran continued to play roles which enabled him to adopt his ideas of fighting injustice meted out to the poor such as an outlaw in Malaikkallan (1954), and Nadodi Mannan (1958).[2][13] In the latter, he featured in dual roles, as a king and a commoner, for the first time in his career.[16][17] Both Malaikkallan and Nadodi Mannan were commercially successful,[18] becoming the highest-grossing films of their respective release years.[2][19] In addition to social dramas, Ramachandran received positive feedback and commercial success for swashbuckler films such as Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum (1956), the first South Indian full-length colour film,[20][21] Madurai Veeran (1956),[22] Chakravarthi Thirumagal (1957),[23] and Mahadhevi (1957).[2][24]

According to Ashish Rajadhyaksha and Paul Willemen in the book Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, the success of Ramachandran's 1961 film Thirudathe, marked a beginning of transition to roles that had "a contemporary setting". He often played "a saintly member of an oppressed class".[3][9] The act of showering love and affection for his family members was a recurring theme in his films during this period.[25] The films he appeared in during the 1960s played a crucial part in his subsequent career as a politician.[26] The 1963 comedy-drama film Periya Idathu Penn had him play a farmer who seeks revenge from his village's zamindar.[27][a] The following year, he appeared in Thozhilali as a bus conductor who exposes the fraudulent methods of a rival bus company, and in Padagotti as a fisherman who resolves to end the dispute between two fishing communities.[25][29] In 1965, he collaborated with Tapi Chanakya in Enga Veettu Pillai, where he featured as twins of opposite natures, one a coward and the other courageous. He also featured in B. R. Panthulu's Aayirathil Oruvan the same year as a doctor who joins, and later becomes the leader of, a rebellion against a dictator.[30][31] Both the films were major commercial successes.[2] The romantic comedy Anbe Vaa (1966), where Ramachandran played an industrialist and was his only film under AVM Productions, is considered an antithesis of the roles he was doing during this period and was also commercially successful.[32][33] He continued to achieve success at the box-office with films like Arasa Kattalai and Kaavalkaaran (both released in 1967),[2][34] also garnering acclaim for the latter.[31][35] Ramachandran's portrayal of twins, a club dancer and a criminal, who are separated as children in Kudiyirundha Koyil (1968) garnered him the Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Actor.[31][36] In 1969, he appeared as a prince who brings down a tyrant who usurps his throne and mistreats his people in K. Shankar's historical fiction film Adimaippenn, and as a government clerk who masquerades as a billionaire to defeat the corrupt trio of a doctor, a builder and a merchant in Nam Naadu.[2][37] The former won him the Best Film at the Tamil Nadu State Film Awards.[35]

Ramachandran began the 1970s with roles in such social dramas as Maattukara Velan and Engal Thangam (both released in 1970), both of which enjoyed commercial success.[9][38] The following year, he received the National Film Award for Best Actor for his role as a cycle rickshaw driver in Rickshawkaran, making it the first film and him the first actor from South Indian cinema to win the award.[39] It went on to become the highest-grossing film of the year.[2] He then directed and produced the action-adventure film Ulagam Sutrum Valiban (1973) where he also starred in dual roles as brothers, a scientist and a CBI officer. It became his most commercially successful film to that point.[2][40] Ramachandran retired from filmmaking in 1978 to take up his duties as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu; his last venture, entitled Madhuraiyai Meetta Sundharapandiyan, was a commercial failure.[9][41]

Films[edit]

  • All films are in Tamil, unless otherwise noted.
Film Year Role(s) Director(s) Notes Ref(s)
Sathi Leelavathi 1936 Rangaiah Naidu Ellis R. Dungan [5]
[42]
Iru Sahodarargal 1936 Police constable Ellis R. Dungan Credited as G. Ramachandran [42]
Dakshayagnam 1938 Vishnu Raja Chandrasekhar [9]
[43]
Veera Jagathis 1938 Police constable T. P. Kailasam
R. Prakash
[9]
[44]
Maya Machhindra 1939 Sooryakethu Raja Chandrasekhar Credited as Ramachandar [9]
[45]
Prahalada 1939 Indra B. N. Rao [46]
Vedavathi Alladhu Seetha Jananam 1941 Indrajith T. R. Raghunath [9]
[47]
Ashok Kumar 1941 Mahendran Raja Chandrasekhar Credited as M. G. Ramachandar [6]
[48]
Tamizhariyum Perumal 1942 T. R. Raghunath Guest appearance [9]
Dhaasippen 1943 Shiva Ellis R. Dungan The film had two alternative titles: Jyothi Malar and Thumbhai Mahatmyam [49]
Harichandra 1944 Sathyakeerthi Kadaru Nagabhushanam [50]
[51]
Saalivaahanan 1945 Vikramaditya B. N. Rao [52]
Meera 1945 Jayamal Ellis R. Dungan [7]
[53]
Sri Murugan 1946 Shiva A. S. A. Sami [54]
Rajakumari 1947 Mohan A. S. A. Sami [9]
[10]
Paithiyakkaran 1947 Moorthy Krishnan–Panju [9]
[55]
Abhimanyu 1948 Arjuna M. Somasundaram
A. Kasilingam
Credited as M. G. Ramachandar [56]
Raja Mukthi 1948 Mahendra Varman Raja Chandrasekhar [9]
[57]
[58]
Mohini 1948 Vijayakumar Lanka Sathyam Credited as M. G. Ramachandar [9]
Ratnakumar 1949 Baladevan Krishnan–Panju Credited as Ramachandar [9]
Marudhanaattu Ilavarasi 1950 Kandeeban A. Kasilingam [9]
Manthiri Kumari 1950 Veeramohan Ellis R. Dungan [59]
[60]
Marmayogi 1951 Karikalan K. Ramnoth Also made in Hindi as Ek Tha Raja [12]
[61]
Sarvadhikari 1951 Prathapan T. R. Sundaram [9]
Andhaman Kaidhi 1952 Nataraj V. Krishnan [62]
Kumari 1952 Vijayan R. Padmanaban [9]
En Thangai 1952 Rajendran Chitrapu Narayana Rao [9]
Naam 1953 Kumaran A. Kasilingam Also producer [63]
[64]
Genova 1953 Cipresso F. Nagoor Malayalam film
Also made in Tamil with the same title
[15]
[65]
Panakkaari 1953 Sundar K. S. Gopalakrishnan [9]
Malaikkallan 1954 Kumaraveeran (Abdul Rahim)[b] S. M. Sriramulu Naidu [66]
Koondukkili 1954 Thangaraj T. R. Ramanna [9]
Gulebakavali 1955 Dasan T. R. Ramanna [9]
Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum 1956 Ali Baba T. R. Sundaram [20]
Madurai Veeran 1956 Veeran Dasari Yoganand [67]
Thaikkupin Tharam 1956 Muthaiyan M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Chakravarthi Thirumagal 1957 Udhayasuriyan P. Neelakantan [9]
[68]
Raja Rajan 1957 Rajan T. V. Sundaram [9]
Pudhumai Pithan 1957 Jeevagan T. R. Ramanna [9]
Mahadhevi 1957 Vallavan Sundar Rao Nadkarni [24]
Nadodi Mannan 1958 Marthandan, Veerangan[c] M. G. Ramachandran Also producer [16]
Thaai Magalukku Kattiya Thaali 1959 Kanagu R. R. Chandiran [9]
Baghdad Thirudan 1960 Abu T. P. Sundaram [9]
Raja Desingu 1960 Tej Singh alias Desingu, Dawood Khan[c] T. R. Raghunath [69]
Mannadhi Mannan 1960 Manivannan M. Natesan [9]
Arasilangkumari 1961 Arivazhagan A. S. A. Sami
A. Kasilingam
[70]
Thirudathe 1961 Balu P. Neelakantan [9]
Sabaash Mapillai 1961 Vasu S. Raghavan [9]
Nallavan Vazhvan 1961 Muthu P. Neelakantan [9]
Thaai Sollai Thattadhe 1961 Raju M. A. Thirumugam [71]
Raani Samyuktha 1962 Prithviraj Chauhan Dasari Yoganand [72]
Maadappura 1962 Ramu S. A. Subbaraman [9]
Thayai Katha Thanayan 1962 Sekar M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Kudumba Thalaivan 1962 Vasu M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Paasam 1962 Gopi T. R. Ramanna [9]
Vikramaadhithan 1962 Vikramaditya T. R. Raghunath
N. S. Ramadass
[9]
Panathottam 1963 Selvam K. Shankar [9]
Koduthu Vaithaval 1963 Selvam P. Neelakantan [9]
Dharmam Thalai Kaakkum 1963 Chandran M. A. Thirumugam [73]
Kalai Arasi 1963 Mohan, Alien[c] A. Kasilingam [74]
[75]
Periya Idathu Penn 1963 Murugappan T. R. Ramanna [27]
Anandha Jodhi 1963 Anand V. N. Reddy
A. S. A. Sami
[9]
Needhikkuppin Paasam 1963 Gopal M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Kaanchi Thalaivan 1963 Narasimha Pallavan (Mamallan)[b] A. Kasilingam [76]
Parisu 1963 Venu Dasari Yoganand [9]
Vettaikaaran 1964 Babu M. A. Thirumugam [77]
En Kadamai 1964 Nathan M. Natesan [9]
Panakkara Kudumbam 1964 Nallathambi T. R. Ramanna [9]
Dheiva Thaai 1964 Maran P. Madhavan [78]
Thozhilali 1964 Raj M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Padagotti 1964 Manickam Tatineni Prakash Rao [29]
Thaayin Madiyil 1964 Raja Adurthi Subba Rao [9]
Enga Veettu Pillai 1965 Ilango, Ramu[c] Tapi Chanakya [9]
Panam Padaithavan 1965 Raja T. R. Ramanna [9]
Aayirathil Oruvan 1965 Manimaran B. R. Panthulu [79]
Kalangarai Vilakkam 1965 Ravi K. Shankar [9]
Kanni Thaai 1965 Saravanan M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Thazhampoo 1965 Durai N. S. Ramadass [9]
Aasai Mugam 1965 Manohar P. Pullaiah [9]
Anbe Vaa 1966 J. B. (Balu)[b] A. C. Tirulokchandar [32]
Naan Aanaiyittal 1966 Pandiyan Tapi Chanakya [9]
Mugaraasi 1966 Ramu M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Thaali Bhagyam 1966 Murugan Kadaru Nagabhushanam [9]
Nadodi 1966 Thyagu B. R. Panthulu [80]
Chandhrodhayam 1966 Chandran K. Shankar [81]
Thanipiravi 1966 Muthaiah M. A. Thirumugam [82]
Parakkum Paavai 1966 Jeeva T. R. Ramanna [83]
Petralthan Pillaiya 1966 Anandhan Krishnan–Panju [84]
Thaikku Thalaimagan 1967 Marudhu M. A. Thirumugam [9]
[85]
Arasa Kattalai 1967 Vijayan M. G. Chakrapani [86]
Kaavalkaaran 1967 Mani P. Neelakantan [9]
Vivasayee 1967 Muthaiah M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Ragasiya Police 115 1968 Ramu B. R. Panthulu [9]
Thaer Thiruvizha 1968 Saravanan, Himself[c] M. A. Thirumugam [9]
[87]
Kudiyirundha Koyil 1968 Anand, Sekar (Babu)[d] K. Shankar Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Actor [9]
[35]
[88]
Kannan En Kadhalan 1968 Kannan P. Neelakantan [9]
Pudhiya Bhoomi 1968 Katheeravan Tapi Chanakya [89]
Kanavan 1968 Valaiyan P. Neelakantan [89]
Oli Vilakku 1968 Muthu Tapi Chanakya [90]
Kadhal Vaaganam 1968 Sundaram M. A. Thirumugam [9]
[91]
Adimaippenn 1969 Vengaiya Malaiyan, Vengaiyyan[c] K. Shankar Also producer
Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Film
[35]
[92]
[93]
Nam Naadu 1969 Dorai C. P. Jambulingam [94]
Maattukara Velan 1970 Velan, Raghu[c] P. Neelakantan [94]
[95]
En Annan 1970 Rangan P. Neelakantan [9]
Thalaivan 1970 Ilango P. A. Thomas
Singamuthu
[9]
[96]
Thedi Vandha Mappillai 1970 Shankar B. R. Panthulu [9]
Engal Thangam 1970 Thangam Krishnan–Panju [97]
Kumari Kottam 1971 Gopal P. Neelakantan [9]
Rickshawkaran 1971 Selvam M. Krishnan Nair National Film Award for Best Actor [9]
[35]
Neerum Neruppum 1971 Manivannan, Karikalan[c] P. Neelakantan [9]
Oru Thaai Makkal 1971 Kannan P. Neelakantan [9]
Sange Muzhangu 1972 Murugan P. Neelakantan [9]
Nalla Neram 1972 Raju M. A. Thirumugam [9]
Raman Thediya Seethai 1972 Raman P. Neelakantan [9]
Naan Yen Pirandhen 1972 Kannan M. Krishnan Nair [9]
Annamitta Kai 1972 Durairaj M. Krishnan Nair [9]
Idhaya Veenai 1972 Sundaram Krishnan–Panju [9]
Ulagam Sutrum Valiban 1973 Raju, Murugan[c] M. G. Ramachandran Also producer [40]
[98]
Pattikaattu Ponnaiya 1973 Ponnaiah, Muthaiah[c] Krishnan–Panju [9]
Netru Indru Naalai 1974 Rathnam (Manickam), Kumar[d] P. Neelakantan [9]
[99]
Urimaikural 1974 Gopi C. V. Sridhar [9]
Sirithu Vazha Vendum 1974 Ramu, Rahman[c] S. S. Balan [9]
[3]
Ninaithadhai Mudippavan 1975 Sundaram, Ranjith Kumar[c] P. Neelakantan [100]
Naalai Namadhe 1975 Shankar, Vijay[c] K. S. Sethumadhavan [9]
Idhayakkani 1975 Mohan A. Jagannathan [101]
Pallandu Vazhga 1975 Rajan K. Shankar [102]
Needhikku Thalaivanangu 1976 Vijay P. Neelakantan [103]
Uzhaikkum Karangal 1976 Ranga K. Shankar [9]
Oorukku Uzhaippavan 1976 Selvam, Kumar[c] M. Krishnan Nair [9]
Navarathinam 1977 Thangam A. P. Nagarajan [9]
Indru Pol Endrum Vaazhga 1977 Murugan K. Shankar [9]
Meenava Nanban 1977 Kumaran C. V. Sridhar [9]
Madhuraiyai Meetta Sundharapandiyan 1978 Sundarapandian M. G. Ramachandran Also producer [9]
Avasara Police 100 1990 Raj K. Bhagyaraj Posthumous release. Archive footage of Ramachandran's unfinished film Anna Nee En Dheivam used. [9]
[104]
[105]
Nallathai Naadu Kekum 1991 Raja Jeppiaar Posthumous release. Archive footage of Ramachandran's unfinished film of the same name used. [104]
[106]

See also[edit]

M. G. Ramachandran's unrealized projects

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The word zamindar refers to a landowner who leases his land to tenant farmers.[28]
  2. ^ a b c M. G. Ramachandran played a single character in the film who has two or more different names.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n M. G. Ramachandran played dual roles in this film.
  4. ^ a b M. G. Ramachandran played dual roles in this film, one of who has two or more different names.

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mishra, Nivedita (17 January 2017). "MGR's centenary: The man who dominated Tamil films for 3 decades". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 188.
  4. ^ Kannan 2010, p. 85; Kannan 2017, p. 37.
  5. ^ a b Jeshi, K. (24 September 2012). "Tunes and trivia". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 288.
  7. ^ a b Guy, Randor (28 March 2008). "Meera 1945". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
  8. ^ Kantha, Sachi Sri (12 December 2012). "MGR Remembered, Part 1". Ilankai Tamil Sangam. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci Film News Anandan (23 October 2004). சாதனைகள் படைத்த தமிழ்த் திரைப்பட வரலாறு — புரட்சி நடிகர் நடித்த திரைப்படங்கள் [History of Landmark Tamil Films — MGR Filmography] (in Tamil). Chennai: Sivakami Publishers. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
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  11. ^ Kasbekar 2006, p. 220; Joshi & Dudrah 2016, p. 80.
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  15. ^ a b Vijayakumar, B. (5 April 2010). "Genova 1953". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017. 
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  19. ^ சுவாமிநாதன், ஸ்ரீதர் (22 March 2016). "எம்ஜிஆர் 100 - 26 - படம் ஓடினால் மன்னன், ஓடாவிட்டால் நாடோடி!" [MGR100 - 26 - If the film is successful, he is a king, if not he is a vagabond!]. The Hindu Tamil (in Tamil). Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  20. ^ a b Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, pp. 339–340.
  21. ^ Kantha, Sachi Sri (28 September 2013). "MGR Remembered – Part 11". Ilankai Tamil Sangam. Archived from the original on 7 September 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  22. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, pp. 339, 346.
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  31. ^ a b c "எம்.ஜி.ஆர்-ன் சிறந்த சாதனை படங்கள்...!" [Best Films of MGR]. Dinamalar (in Tamil). 17 June 2015. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
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  44. ^ Rajanayagam 2015, p. 271.
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