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M. K. Stalin

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M. K. Stalin
Mkspicture (cropped).jpg
Leader of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Assumed office
28 August 2018
Secretary GeneralK. Anbazhagan
Inaugural HolderC. N. Annadurai
Preceded byM. Karunanidhi
1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
In office
29 May 2009 – 15 May 2011
GovernorSurjit Singh Barnala
Chief MinisterM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byposition established
ConstituencyKolathur
Leader of Opposition in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
25 May 2016
DeputyDurai Murugan
SpeakerP. Dhanapal
Preceded byVijayakanth
Acting Leader of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
In office
4 January 2017 – 27 August 2018
Secretary GeneralK. Anbazhagan
LeaderM. Karunanidhi
Preceded byposition established
Succeeded byposition abolished
37th Mayor of Chennai
In office
25 October 1996 – 6 September 2002
Preceded byR. Arumugam
Succeeded byM. Subramaniam
Personal details
Born
Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin

(1953-03-01) 1 March 1953 (age 66)
Madras, Madras State, (now Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India)
Political partyDravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Spouse(s)Durga alis Shanta (m.1976-present)
RelationsSee Karunanidhi family
ChildrenUdhayanidhi Stalin
Senthamarai Sabareesan
MotherDayalu Ammal
FatherM. Karunanidhi
ResidenceTeynampet, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
OccupationActor, Politician, Activist
Websitehttp://mkstalin.in/

Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin (Tamil pronunciation: Mu. Ka. Sṭāliṉ; born 1 March 1953) is an Indian politician from Tamil Nadu and President of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) political party.[1][2] He was the 37th Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002 and 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009 to 2011.[3][4]

Stalin is the third son of 3rd Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu and DMK Chief M. Karunanidhi, and was born to his wife, Dayalu Ammal. Stalin completed a pre-university Course at Vivekananda College, and has a degree in history from Presidency College, Chennai in University of Madras.[5] Stalin became the Minister for Rural Development and Local Administration in the Government of Tamil Nadu after the 2006 Assembly elections. On 29 May 2009, Stalin was nominated as Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by Governor Surjit Singh Barnala.[6]

On 3 January 2013, Karunanidhi named Stalin as his heir apparent, thus ending a long time confusion about who would take over the party reins after Karunanidhi's death.[7] Stalin was designated as the Working President of the DMK on 4 January 2017. On 28 August 2018, he was elected unanimously as the DMK Chief after Karunanidhi’s death.

Political career

Stalin was born in Madras, now Chennai, on 1 March 1953. He was named after Joseph Stalin, who died four days later.[8] He studied in the Madras Christian College Higher Secondary School[9] His political career began when, as a 14 year old, he campaigned in the 1967 elections.[10] In 1973, Stalin was elected to the General committee of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK).

He came to limelight when he was jailed under Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) for protesting against the Emergency.[11] Stalin has been elected four times to the Tamil Nadu Assembly since 1989 from the Thousand Lights constituency in Chennai. Stalin became the city's first directly elected Mayor in 1996.[12]

Stalin was reelected Mayor in 2001,[13] however, Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa enacted the Tamil Nadu Municipal Laws (Amendment) Act, 2002, a law that prevents a person from holding two elected posts in the government. This law was applied retrospectively to Stalin's case (he was elected MLA) in a move widely seen as aimed at removing as Chennai's Mayor.[14] However the Madras High Court struck down the law stating that legislative bodies were not "prevented" from making laws affecting the "substantive rights" of persons retrospectively. However, the court held under Madras (now Chennai) City Municipal Corporation Act, 1919, a person cannot be Mayor for two consecutive terms though unlike Stalin earlier mayors were not directly elected. Stalin did not appeal in the Supreme Court.[15]

Stalin has been arrested several times on various public issues since he was first arrested in 1975 under MISA, which is close to the Terrorism and Goondas Acts. Severe physical punishment has been imposed on him previously. Karunanidhi midnight arrest in which Karunanidhi, Stalin, Maran, and others were arrested and charged in the flyover scam. This was widely considered to be an act of political vendetta,[16] as the FIR or police complaint was lodged on Friday night and the arrests were carried out only a few hours later on Saturday morning.[17] While the arrests took place in 2001, the chargesheet was only filed in court four years later, in 2005.[18]

Karunanidhi, who died on August 7, 2018, after a prolonged illness, had during his life time made it clear that Stalin will be his successor.[citation needed]

Elections contested and positions held

Elections Constituency Party Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage
1984 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Lost 47.94 K.A. Krishnaswamy AIADMK 50.44[19]
1989 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 50.59 Thambidurai SSR ADK JL 30.05[20]
1991 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Lost 39.19 K.A. Krishnaswamy AIADMK 56.5[21]
1996 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 69.72 Zeenath Sheriffdeen AIADMK 22.95[22]
2001 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 51.41 S. Sekar TMC 43.78[23]
2006 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Thousand Lights DMK Won 46.0 Adi Rajaram AIADMK 43.72[24]
2011 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Kolathur DMK Won 47.7 Saidai Sa. Duraisamy AIADMK 45.78[25]
2016 Tamil Nadu state assembly election Kolathur DMK Won 54.3 J.C.D.Prabhakar AIADMK 31.8[26][27]

Filmography

Actor

  • Ore Raththam (1988)
  • Makkal Aanayittal (1988)
  • Kurinji Malar- TV Series DD1
  • Suriya — TV Series

Producer

See also

References

  1. ^ "Thalapathy to Thalaivar: MK Stalin elected DMK President". Bharani Vaitheesvaran. The Economic Times. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Waiting in wings for years, Stalin finally takes over reins". The Times of India. 29 August 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Karunanidhi makes Stalin Deputy Chief Minister". TheHindu.com.
  4. ^ Stalin appointed Tamil Nadu Deputy CM
  5. ^ India Today
  6. ^ "Stalin named TN deputy CM". Archived from the original on 31 March 2004. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
  7. ^ "After me, it's Stalin: DMK chief Karunanidhi". Zee News. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  8. ^ Thangavelu, Dharani (1 March 2017). "Will DMK's Stalin gain from the political feud in Tamil Nadu?". Mint. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Star-studded 175th b'day for MCC school". The Times of India. 7 October 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Waiting in the wings". B. Kolappan. The Hindu. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  11. ^ Daily Excelsior... Editorial Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Towards Singara Chennai - Interview with the Mayor - www.chennaibest.com
  13. ^ rediff.com: Stalin re-elected mayor of Madras
  14. ^ Mayor's office slips out of Stalin's hand-Cities-The Times of India
  15. ^ The Telegraph - Calcutta: Nation
  16. ^ rediff.com: Karunanidhi, Stalin arrested
  17. ^ rediff.com: Personal agenda prevailed over rule of the law: Arun Jaitley
  18. ^ Chargesheet filed out of political vendatta: DMK - Sify.com
  19. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1984" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1984. p. 25. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  20. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1989" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1989. p. 254. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  21. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1991" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1991. p. 27. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  22. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1996" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1996. p. 261. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  23. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2001" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2001. p. 257. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  24. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2006". Election Commission of India. 2006. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  25. ^ "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2001" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2011. p. 36. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  26. ^ "The verdict 2016". The Hindu. Chennai. 19 May 2016. p. 6.
  27. ^ "Green cover". The Times of India. Chennai. 19 May 2016. p. 2.
Party political offices
Preceded by
M. Karunanidhi
Leader of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
28 August 2018 – Present
Incumbent

External links