M. K. Stalin
|M. K. Stalin|
|1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu|
29 May 2009 – 15 May 2011
|Preceded by||Position Established|
|Leader of Opposition in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly|
25 May 2016
|Minister for Municipal Administration and Rural Development|
13 May 2006 – 15 May 2011
|Succeeded by||K. P. Munusamy|
|Mayor of Chennai|
October 1996 – October 2002
1 March 1953 |
Madras, Madras State, India
|Political party||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|Spouse(s)||Durga Alias Saantha|
|Residence||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin (Tamil: மு.க. ஸ்டாலின் Mu.Ka. Sṭāliṉ; born 1 March 1953) is an Indian politician, better known as M. K. Stalin, who was Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009 to 2011. He was Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002.
Stalin is the third son of famous Tamil Nadu politician Karunanidhi, and was born to his second wife, Dayalu Ammal. Stalin completed his graduation in history from Presidency College, Chennai in University of Madras. Stalin became the Minister for Rural Development and Local Administration in the Government of Tamil Nadu after the 2006 Assembly elections. On 29 May 2009, Stalin was nominated as Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu by Governor Surjit Singh Barnala.
Stalin serves as the Treasurer and the Youth Wing President of the DMK. On 3 January 2013, M.K. Karunanidhi named him as his heir apparent, thus ending a long time confusion about who would take over the party reins after Karunanidhi's death.
M. K. Stalin was born in Madras, now Chennai, on 1 March 1953. He was named after Joseph Stalin, who died later that week. His political career began when, as a 14 year old, he campaigned in the 1967 elections. In 1973, Stalin was elected to the General committee of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK).
He came to limelight when he was jailed under Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) for protesting against the Emergency. Stalin has been elected four times to the Tamil Nadu Assembly since 1989 from the Thousand Lights constituency in Chennai. Stalin became the city's first directly elected Mayor in 1996.
Stalin was reelected Mayor in 2001, however, Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa enacted the Tamil Nadu Municipal Laws (Amendment) Act, 2002, a law that prevents a person from holding two elected posts in the government. This law was applied retrospectively to Stalin's case (he was elected MLA) in a move widely seen as aimed at removing as Chennai's Mayor. However the Madras High Court struck down the law stating that legislative bodies were not "prevented" from making laws affecting the "substantive rights" of persons retrospectively. However, the court held under Madras (now Chennai) City Municipal Corporation Act, 1919, a person cannot be Mayor for two consecutive terms though unlike Stalin earlier mayors were not directly elected. Stalin did not appeal in the Supreme Court.
Stalin has been arrested several times on various public issues since he was first arrested in 1975 under MISA, which is close to terrorism and goondas act. severe physical punishment has been imposed on him previously. Karunanidhi midnight arrest in which Karunanidhi, Stalin, Maran, and others were arrested and charged in the flyover scam. This was widely considered to be an act of political vendetta, as the FIR or police complaint was lodged on Friday night and the arrests were carried out only a few hours later on Saturday morning. While the arrests took place in 2001, the chargesheet was only filed in court four years later, in 2005.
Elections contested and positions held
|Elections||Constituency||Party||Result||Vote percentage||Opposition Candidate||Opposition Party||Opposition vote percentage|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 1984||Thousand Lights||DMK||Lost||47.94||K.A. Krishnaswamy||AIADMK||50.44|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 1989||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||50.59||Thambidurai SSR||ADK JL||30.05|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 1991||Thousand Lights||DMK||Lost||39.19||K.A. Krishnaswamy||AIADMK||56.5|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 1996||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||69.72||Zeenath Sheriffdeen||AIADMK||22.95|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 2001||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||51.41||S. Sekar||TMC||43.78|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 2006||Thousand Lights||DMK||Won||46.0||Adi Rajaram||AIADMK||43.72|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 2011||Kolathur||DMK||Won||47.7||Saidai Sa. Duraisamy||AIADMK||45.78|
|Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 2016||Kolathur||DMK||Won||54.3||J.C.D.Prabhakar||AIADMK||31.8|
However, DMK sources and political supporters deny this and say Stalin has come up on his own merit. They say that Stalin has faced a lot of hardship since 1975 when he was jailed under MISA. He was beaten up in jail so brutally during the Emergency that a fellow DMK Party prisoner named Chitti Babu died trying to save him.
Stalin was an MLA in 1989 and 1996 when his father Karunanidhi was the Chief Minister but he was not inducted into the Cabinet. He contested and became Chennai's 44th mayor but the first directly elected Mayor in 1996. It was only in his fourth term as MLA that he was made a Minister in the Karunanidhi cabinet and his rise is slow and steady. They further point out that Karunanidhi has even expelled his other sons M.K. Muthu and M.K. Azhagiri when they were guilty of wrongdoing.
- Ore Ratham (1988) As Debut Film
- Makkal Aanayittal (1988)
- Kurinji malar- TV Series DD1
- Suriya - TV Series
- Nabikkai natchthram (1978)
- Karunanidhi makes Stalin Deputy Chief Minister
- Stalin appointed Tamil Nadu Deputy CM
- India Today
- Stalin named TN deputy CM
- "After me, it’s Stalin: DMK chief Karunanidhi".
- Daily Excelsior... Editorial
- Towards Singara Chennai - Interview with the Mayor - www.chennaibest.com
- rediff.com: Stalin re-elected mayor of Madras
- Mayor's office slips out of Stalin's hand-Cities-The Times of India
- The Telegraph - Calcutta: Nation
- rediff.com: Karunanidhi, Stalin arrested
- rediff.com: Personal agenda prevailed over rule of the law: Arun Jaitley
- Chargesheet filed out of political vendatta: DMK - Sify.com
- "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1984" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1984. p. 25. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1989" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1989. p. 254. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1991" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1991. p. 27. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 1996" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1996. p. 261. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2001" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2001. p. 257. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2006". Election Commission of India. 2006. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Statistical report on Tamil Nadu Assembly election 2001" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 2011. p. 36. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "The verdict 2016". The Hindu (Chennai). 19 May 2016. p. 6.
- "Green cover". The Times of India (Chennai). 19 May 2016. p. 2.
- Politics: Special Series; M K Stalin
- Tehelka - The People's Paper