M. S. Viswanathan
M. S. Viswanathan
|Born||Manayangth Subramanian Viswanathan
24 June 1928
Palakkad, Madras Presidency, British India
|Died||14 July 2015
|Cause of death||Kidney cancer|
|Other names||M.S.V. / "Mellesai Mannar"|
Film score composer; actor; singermusic director
|Net worth||₹300 crore|
|Children||4 sons & 3 daughters|
|Instruments||Vocals (playback singing), keyboard/harmonium/piano|
Manayangath Subramanian Viswanathan (24 June 1928 – 14 July 2015), also known as M.S.V., was an Indian music director and composer. He was popularly known as Mellisai Mannar (Tamil for "The King of Light Music"). He composed songs in Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, Kannada, and Hindi for over 1200 films. He worked primarily in Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu films. He also acted and sung in a few Tamil films. The Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu J Jayalalithaa conferred the Thirai Isai Chakravarthy (Tamil for "The Emperor of Cine Music") title on him in August 2012 and presented him with 60 gold coins and a new car.
Viswanathan composed film music together with composer and violinist T. K. Ramamoorthy from the 1950s to 1965, as Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy and from 1965 until 2014 he worked independently as a composer.
Viswanathan was born on 24 June 1928 to Manayangath Subramanian and Narayanikutty (or Naanikutty) in Elappully village in Palakkad, Kerala, India. His father died when Viswanathan was four years old, and his mother decided to kill him and herself as an escape from abject poverty and lack of support. He was saved at the last minute by his grandfather. His grandfather Krishnan Nair was a warden at the central jail of Kannur. As a child, he sold refreshments in a movie theatre without any pay, so he could listen to the music in the films. He had a part in the film Kannagi produced by Jupiter Pictures.
His primary education was at Pallikunnu, Kannur. He would often play truant from school and stand outside the house of Neelakanta Bhagavathar, a local music teacher, and listen to his teaching other students. He learnt to play the harmonium, and Neelakanta Bhagavathar, who heard him play and sing on a Vijayadasami Day, was impressed and organised a three-hour concert at the Kannur town hall. He later gave his first stage performance in Trivandrum at the age of 13. He worked as an office boy for Jupiter Pictures in the 1940s, earning Rs 3 per month.
Viswanathan was married to Janaki and they have four sons and three daughters. His wife, Janaki, died on 14 May 2012.
He is known to have looked after his original Guru, S.M.Subbaiah Naidu, when the latter fell into financial difficulties and then continued to look after his wife until her death.
On 27 June 2015, Viswanathan was admitted to Fortis Malar hospital in Chennai with breathing difficulties. He had been undergoing a treatment at the hospital for some time. He died at 4.15 a.m. on 14 July 2015 due to age-related ailments.
Viswanathan had always wanted to be an actor and singer, but was not successful. He had a few small roles in stage dramas in the 1940s. The composer and violinist T. R. Papa met Viswanathan, took a liking to him and arranged a job for him as an errand boy for S. V. Venkatraman's musical troupe in 1942. In that company of musicians, Viswanathan realised that he had the inclination and the potential for composing music. He thereafter joined S. M. Subbaiah Naidu and at times assisted him. He then joined C. R. Subburaman's musical troupe as a harmonium player. Here, he met T. K. Ramamoorthy and T. G. Lingappa, the two leading violinists at that time. T. G. Lingappa also became a renowned music composer on his own in the 1950s.
In 1952, C. R. Subburaman died unexpectedly. Ramamoorthy and Viswanathan joined together and completed the background music for the films Subburaman was working on, including Devadas, Chandirani and Marumagal. N. S. Krishnan knew them both fairly intimately and also their respective talents by then because of his close relationship with C.R.Subburaman, with whom he had worked earlier in several films. Meanwhile Viswanathan also worked as the third composer for the film Genova where the other composers were M.S Gnanamani and T.K.Kalyanam. M.G.Ramachandran, the hero of the film Genova, had reservations about the 'raw, young music director' but the reservations lasted only till he listened to the songs. M.G.Ramachandran instantly recognised the arrival of a genius and the relationship lasted till the end of his career as a hero in 1977. Viswanathan and Ramamoorthy were asked to write the music for Panam, a 1952 film produced by A. L. Seenivasan and directed by N. S. Krishnan. Later the duo was asked to do the background score for the film Ratha Kanneer by its music composer C. S. Jayaraman.
The duo composed music for over 100 films, and they worked together from 1952 to 1965.
On 16 June 1963 at a special function M. S. Viswanathan and T. K. Ramamoorthy were each given the title of Mellisai Mannar(Kings of the Light Music). It was granted by Sivaji Ganesan at the Madras Triplicane Cultural Academy. The function was supported and facilitated by the Hindu Group of Publications, especially Mr. T. M. Ramachandran, Director C. V. Sridhar and Chitralaya Gopu.
The duo parted in 1965 after release of Ayirathil Oruvan and since then they composed for films individually. After 29 years, they rejoined in 1995 for the Tamil film Engirundho Vanthan starring Sathyaraj.
They were awarded an honorary doctorate by the Sathyabama Deemed University in September 2006.
J. Jayalalithaa, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, conferred the title Thirai Isai Chakravarthy (Emperors of the Cine Music) on Viswanathan and Ramamoorthy in August 2012 and presented them with 60 gold coins and a new car.
Independent music director
M. S. Viswanathan began his solo career in 1965. Viswanathan is known for having incorporated various genres of world music into Indian cinema music. He used elements such as humming and whistling in his songs, and blended new trends such as western music and disco with Indian classical tunes. Some of his films as solo music composer include Idhayakani, Gallatta Kalyanam, Moondru Dheivangal, Kannan En Kadhalan, Dheiva Magan, Rickshakaran, Ulagam Sutrum Vaaliban, and Urumai Kural. M. S. Viswanathan also scored music for many non-film albums and for political campaigns.
He worked with a number of singers, both younger artists and more established ones, including S. P. Balasubrahmanyam and Vani Jairam, P. Susheela, L. R. Eswari, T. M. Soundararajan, and the Malayalam singer Jayachandran. He is also considered responsible for making singers like R. Balasaraswathi, S. Janaki, A. L. Raghavan, Sirkazhi Govindarajan and Yesudas popular names, and he gave Swarnalatha her first job as a playback singer when she was 14 years old.
Viswanathan worked with many different film directors, including B. R. Panthulu, S. S. Vasan, B. S. Ranga, and Krishnan-Panju in the 1950s, and in later decades with C. V. Sridhar,A. Bhimsingh, Madhavan, T. R. Ramanna, A. C. Trilogchander, K. Shankar, K. Balachander, Muktha Srinivasan, Chitralaya Gopu, Cho Ramaswamy, and K. S. Gopalakrishnan from the 1960s. From the 1970s directors such as S. P. Muthuraman, Major Sundarrajan, Bhagyaraj, D. Yoganand, C. V. Rajendran, P. Madhavan, K. S. Prakash Rao, Vietnam Veedu Sundaram,N. T. Rama Rao, and I. V. Sasi frequently worked with Vishwanathan; later, in the 1980s and 1990s, new directors such as Visu, Mouli, Major Sundarrajan, Komal Swaminathan, and K. Raghunath collaborated with Viswanathan regularly.
He also did playback singing, including 500 songs composed by himself and over 200 songs composed by music directors. He performed songs such as Sollathan Ninaikiren, Inbathilum Thunbathilun Sirithidu Magaley, Yenakkoru Kaathalai Irukindral, Sangamam and Vidaikodu Engal Nadey.
M. S. Vishwanathan went on to act in Tamil feature films, notably appearing in Kaadhal Mannan after being convinced to do so by actor Vivek, while he also starred in Kamal Haasan's Kaathala Kaathala and Karthik's Rojavanam. He also made appearances in other films and television series since 1995.
Since 1996 Viswanathan focused on composing devotional music and serving as a judge in Malayalam TV reality shows. He collaborated with Illaiyaraja in 'Mella Thiranthathu Kathathavu', 'Senthamizh Paatu' 'Vishwa Thulsi' and 'Senthamizh Selvan' starring Prashanth. He sang the song "Vidai Kodu Engal Naadae" for 2002 Tamil film "Kannathil Muthamittal" composed by A.R.Rahman. Then in 2013 he sang for the film Neelam – the song called 'Alayae o Alayae' and it was recorded in the supervision of music composer Satish Chakravarthy. He in 2013 composed music for the film Thillu Mullu, with Yuvan Shankar Raja While M. S. Viswanathan composed the tunes in the 2013 Thillu Mullu film, Yuvan Shankar Raja orchestrated and recorded them. Including this No. he has Sung a Song,‘Saami Namba saami' which is penned by Snehan for the film "Mannar Valaiguda",Composed by S.Siva Pragasam.
Rajnikanth said in an interview about M. S. Viswanathan, "You will rarely find someone like MSV in any industry. He lived life like a selfless saint, free from jealousy and lies. He was behind the success of legends like MGR and Sivaji.If not for MSV, the careers of filmmaker Balachander, lyricists Vaali and Kannadasan wouldn't have tasted huge success."
M. S. Viswanathan has won many awards include the following:
- PBS Puraskar Award presented by Aruna Nithya Gopal Foundation awarded on 29 September 2013 at Ravindra Bharati
- Honorary doctorate from Tirunelveli-based Manonmaniam Sundaranar University (MSU) on 3 January 2013
- Paramacharya Award, meaning 'The Ultimate Guru' in 2006.
- Madhavapeddi Satyam Award by Siva Foundation in 2005.
- Life Time Achievement Award by Sangam Kala group in 2004.
- Isai Sangam honoured him with Isai Peraringnar, meaning "Great Scholar in Music", in 2004.
- Seventh Kamukura Award – given by Kerala Cultural Ministry.
- WorldFest Houston (USA)
- Media gave him title "Mellisai Mannar" along with T.K. Rammoorthy, meaning "King of Light Music" or "King of melodies".
- 'Sangeetha Saraswathi' by Poojya Sri Guruji Viswanath of Manava Seva Kendra.
- "Mellisai Mannar M S Viswanathan". Lakshman Sruthi. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- "CM honours Viswanathan-Ramamurthi". Nowrunning.com. 31 August 2012.
- "Music legend M S Viswanathan passes away". oneindia.com. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Legendary music director M S Viswanathan passes away". rediff.com. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Amma confers title of Thiraiyisai Chakravarthy on legendary MSV". ChennaiOnline. 30 August 2012.
- "CM confers Thirai Isai Chakravarthy on MSV". The New Indian Express. 30 August 2012.
- "After Padma snub, Jaya says one day Centre will listen". The Indian Express. 31 August 2012.
- Vamanan, Mellisai Mannargal Paattu Payanam
- "Veteran musician M.S. Viswanathan passes away". The Hindu. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- "#RIPMSV: King of Light Music MS Viswanathan dies". Hindustan Times. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- "Declining standards of lyrics pain this master". The Hindu. 23 March 2005. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Music composer MS Viswanathan passes away". Indiatoday.in. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- 'ஜுபிடர்' பட நிறுவனத்தில் 'ஆபீஸ் பாய்' வேலை பார்த்த எம்.எஸ்.விஸ்வநாதன்!, archived version retrieved 27 September 2014 (Tamil)
- "M S Viswanathan Death". Telangana News Paper.
- "King of Film Music MS Viswanathan Passes Away". The New Indian Express.
- 'ஜெனோவா' படத்திற்கு எம்.எஸ்.வி. இசை அமைப்பு: முதலில் எதிர்த்த எம்.ஜி.ஆர்., பிறகு பாராட்டினார், archived version retrieved 27 September 2014 (Tamil)
- "Well-known Tamil film music director M. S. Viswanathan passes away". 14 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Veteran Tamil film music composer T K Ramamurthy is no more". Indian Express. 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2013-06-12.
- "Ninety, and bowing away!". 8 November 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : Honorary doctorates for seven eminent personalities". The Hindu. 4 September 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "From classical melodies to disco generation: 'King of Music' MS Viswanathan's legend will live on". 14 July 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- "MSV: Master of melodies". 14 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Swarnalatha Leaves Behind Her Songs To Remember Her". 13 September 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "“MSV day be declared Music day”". Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Composer M.S. Viswanathan, the doyen of Tamil music world dies". 14 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Not only your music, even your performances will remain close to our hearts MSV sir.". 14 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Thillu Mullu 2 with Yuvan & MSV's music". Indiaglitz. 20 August 2012.
- Nikhil Raghavan (1 June 2013). "Classic gets a new twist". The Hindu.
- The legendary MSV's juggernaut continues, M S Viswanathan, Yuvan Shankar Raja. Behindwoods.com (29 April 2013).
- MSV in demand – Times Of India. The Times of India. (30 April 2013).
- "Lifetime Achievement Award (South) winners down the years...". Filmfare. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Gudipoodi Srihari (2013-10-04). "Befitting a legend". The Hindu.
- "Honorary doctorate for veteran musician M S Viswanathan". The Times of India. TNN. 10 January 2013.
- "Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : Honorary doctorates for seven eminent personalities". The Hindu. 4 September 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- VM Sathish. "Mammotty, Kavya Madhavan bag Asiavision awards". Emirates 24-7.
- M. S. Viswanathan's official website
- M. S. Viswanathan at the Internet Movie Database
- MSV as BalaMurugan in "Kannagi (1942) See him at 00:20 and 00:45