Eighth Avenue Line (Manhattan surface)
|Central Park West / Doulgass Boulevard Line|
An M10 bus entering northbound service at 57th Street in Midtown.
|System||MTA New York City Bus|
|Operator||New York City Transit Authority|
|Vehicle||Daimler Buses Orion VII|
|Began service||1852 (train)
2011 (current alignment)
|Start||M10: Harlem – 159th Street
M20: Lincoln Center – W 66th Street & Broadway
Central Park West
|End||M10: 57th Street / Broadway
M20; South Ferry
|Length||M10: 5.3 miles (8.5 km)|
|Operates||4:50 AM – 1:50 AM|
|Fare||$2.75 (MetroCard or coins)|
|Cash||Coins only (exact change required)|
The Eighth Avenue Line is a public transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along Eighth Avenue from Lower Manhattan to Harlem. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the M10 bus route and the M20 bus route, operated by the New York City Transit Authority. The M10 bus now only runs north of 57th Street (near Columbus Circle), and the M20 runs south of 65th Street. The whole line was a single route, the M10, until 1999 when the M20 was created.
The M10 and M20 bus routes serve the northern and southern and southern halves of the Eighth Avenue corridor, respectively. The routes intersect in Upper Midtown Manhattan, between Lincoln Center and Columbus Circle. Until 1999, the two routes were a single M10 route, running 10 miles (16 km) between Harlem and Lower Manhattan.
The M10 bus begins in Harlem at Frederick Douglas Boulevard (Eighth Avenue) and around 158th Street, on the east side of the Polo Grounds Towers housing complex. 158th Street is inaccessible at this point. The route travels south Frederick Douglas Boulevard, which becomes Central Park West at West 110th Street and Frederick Douglass Circle. At West 63rd Street in Lincoln Center, southbound buses turn west, then turn south on Broadway, terminating at 57th Street and Broadway just south of Columbus Circle. Northbound buses travel along the entire length of Eight Avenue towards Harlem. Prior to 2010, the M10 continued south to Penn Station at 34th Street.
The M20 begins service at Broadway and West 63rd Street in Lincoln Center, at Dante Park. Southbound, the route travels through Columbus Circle, east along 59th Street, and south along Seventh Avenue, which becomes Seventh Avenue South and then Varick Street. At the end of Varick Street in Tribeca, the M20 runs south on West Broadway, then west along Chambers Street past West Street into Battery Park City. The route then travels along North End Avenue, Vesey Street, a short stretch of West Street, South End Avenue, Battery Place, and State Street. The route terminates at Whitehall Street along the Staten Island Ferry Whitehall Terminal bus loop.
Northbound M20 buses follow essential the same route through Battery Park City, except using Murray Street instead of Vesey Street. At Chambers Street and West Street, the route turns north onto West Street, east on Harrison Street, then north onto Hudson Street. At Abingdon Square Park and Bleecker Park, Hudson Street feeds into Eighth Avenue, which the M20 follows into Midtown. At West 66th Street, the M20 turns west, then turns south on Broadway, terminating at West 63rd Street.
The Eighth Avenue Railroad opened the line from the north end of the trackage shared with the Sixth Avenue Railroad's Sixth Avenue Line at Canal Street and Varick Street along Canal Street, Hudson Street, and Eighth Avenue to 51st Street on August 30, 1852. It was eventually extended north to 159th Street, with a branch along Macomb's Lane to 154th Street, and another branch to the south along Canal Street east to Broadway. Buses were substituted for streetcars by the Eighth Avenue Coach Corporation in March 1936, a company owned by Fifth Avenue Coach Company. The New York City Omnibus Corporation took over operations in 1951, and in 1956 it was renamed Fifth Avenue Coach Lines; the Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority replaced it in 1962.
In 1962, when the Surface Company bought 8 Avenue they put one bus service for the entire length. This was given the route number 10, which then became bus M10. In January 1999, the MTA issued a performance report on the M10 route, calling the route "extremely long and unreliable", with high headway times between buses. Afterwards, M10 was split into two routes, with the northern section from Harlem to Penn Station still operating under the M10 designation, and the southern segment from Columbus Circle to Battery Park City being renamed the M20. Due to a budget crisis, M10 buses' southern terminus was truncated to Columbus Circle on June 27th, 2010. On the same day, the M20 was extended to South Ferry, replacing the M9. In April 2011, however, M10 service was restored to West 57th Street. The final stops on the current M10 route is West 58th Street and Broadway.
- New York Times, Eighth-Avenue Railroad, August 30, 1852
- New York Times, 5 Bus Franchises are Under Inquiry, January 4, 1934, page 1
- Google (May 8, 2017). "M10" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
- Kirby, David (May 16, 1999). "Neighborhood Report: West Side; Riders Try to Curb New Bus Route". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "MTA Bus Time: M10 Harlem - Columbus Circle". mta.info. MTA Bus Time.
- "2010 NYC Transit Service Reductions - Revised" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 19, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-25.
- "MTA Bus Time: M20 Lincoln Center - South Ferry". mta.info. MTA Bus Time.
- New York Times, Buses to Run Soon on 8th and 9th Avs., October 5, 1935, page 17